@inbook{10.2307/j.ctt5vjv3d.5,
ISBN = {9780691149059},
URL = {http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt5vjv3d.5},
abstract = {The earliest civilizations to have left written mathematical recordsâ€”the Egyptian and the Mesopotamianâ€”date back thousands of years. From both, we have original documents detailing mathematical calculations and mathematical problems, mostly designed to further the administration of the countries. Both also fostered scribes of a mathematical bent who carried out mathematical ideas well beyond the immediate necessity of solving a given problem. If mathematics was thus similarly institutionalized in Egypt and Mesopotamia, it nevertheless took on dramatically different forms, being written in entirely distinct ways in the two different regions. This key difference aside, the beginnings of algebra, as},
author = {VICTOR J. KATZ and KAREN HUNGER PARSHALL},
booktitle = {Taming the Unknown: A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century},
pages = {12--32},
publisher = {Princeton University Press},
title = {Egypt and Mesopotamia},
year = {2014}
}