Standard sonata-form practice ca. 1800 was guided by a constellation of norms. One of these was the provision of full closure in the tonic in the recapitulation. In those infrequent cases when this norm was left unaccomplished, one may speak of a nonresolving recapitulation. Some of the most extreme examples are furnished by movements whose recapitulations end emphatically in a nontonic key. The locus classicus is Beethoven's Egmont Overture: the recapitulation of this F-minor piece is diverted to a solidly grounded D major, deferring normative tonal closure into an extended coda. Predecessors may be found in the slow movement of his Piano Trio in G, op. 1, no. 2, and the first movement of Mozart's Quartet in D Minor, K. 173. This article examines this procedure and its larger hermeneutic implications from a variety of angles, along the way introducing concepts of "Sonata Theory," a new mode of sonata analysis developed by the author. Also mentioned are some ramifications of the nonresolving recapitulation for nineteenth-century sonata deformations.
19th-Century Music publishes articles on all aspects of music having to do with the "long" nineteenth century. The period of coverage has no definite boundaries; it can extend well backward into the eighteenth century and well forward into the twentieth. The journal is open to studies of any musical or cultural development that affected nineteenth-century music and any such developments that nineteenth-century music subsequently affected. The topics are as diverse as the long century itself. They include music of any type or origin and include, but are not limited to, issues of composition, performance, social and cultural context, hermeneutics, aesthetics, music theory, analysis, documentation, gender, sexuality, history, and historiography.
Founded in 1893, University of California Press, Journals and Digital Publishing Division, disseminates scholarship of enduring value. One of the largest, most distinguished, and innovative of the university presses today, its collection of print and online journals spans topics in the humanities and social sciences, with concentrations in sociology, musicology, history, religion, cultural and area studies, ornithology, law, and literature. In addition to publishing its own journals, the division also provides traditional and digital publishing services to many client scholarly societies and associations.