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Tobacco Control

Tobacco Control: Comparative Politics in the United States and Canada

Donley T. Studlar
Copyright Date: 2002
Pages: 327
  • Book Info
    Tobacco Control
    Book Description:

    This book is a revealing exploration and comparison of the development of North American policies and the influence these policies are having in the attempt to regulate a major international business in the interests of public health.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-0303-5
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-6)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 7-8)
  3. List of Tables and Figures
    (pp. 9-10)
  4. Acronyms
    (pp. 11-14)
  5. Acknowledgments
    (pp. 15-16)
  6. 1 Introduction: The Problem of Tobacco-Control Policy
    (pp. 17-60)

    Tobacco control is both an old and a new public policy issue. In recent years tobacco control has engaged governmental and public attention on a regular basis in both Canada and the United States. Battles over regulation, taxes, and litigation against tobacco companies have made headlines and generated political conflict.

    Yet an examination of the historical record shows that a restrictive tobacco-control policy, especially focussed on cigarettes, has appeared on the political agendas of both the general public and the government periodically in the past. This occurred especially around the turn of the twentieth century, largely on moral grounds, and...

  7. 2 Theories of Tobacco-Control Policy Across Space and Time
    (pp. 61-88)

    Despite the growing importance of tobacco control and a burgeoning literature on many dimensions of the tobacco problem, especially public-health ones, there have been surprisingly few analyses of thepoliticsof tobacco control, especially from social scientists. The previously published work is predominantly journalistic in nature, focussing on a single country, usually the US. Earlier work tended to be more historical (Neuberger 1963; Wagner 1971; Whelan 1984; White 1988; Kluger 1996), while recently more specific episodes of policy have been described and sometimes analyzed (Doron 1979; Troyer and Markle 1983; Hilts 1996; Pringle 1998; Mollenkamp et al. 1998; Orey 1999;...

  8. 3 Tobacco Control: A Federal Case?
    (pp. 89-126)

    This chapter examines in some detail federal government action on tobacco in both countries since 1964, including how tobacco control has waxed and waned on the governmental agenda. The focus will be on comparisons of policy through the years in the two countries. Both regulation and financial matters, primarily taxation but with some consideration of agricultural subsidies, will be covered. As the discussion will demonstrate, increasingly regulation and finance have become intertwined as governments, both state/provincial and federal, have used litigation in attempts to get tobacco companies to pay directly for some of the costs incurred through smoking. This chapter...

  9. 4 Tobacco Control in States, Provinces, and Municipalities: The California Effect?
    (pp. 127-168)

    In Canada and the United States, tobacco control, both regulation and taxation, is a multi-level issue. Actions by US state attorneys general in the National Settlement and Master Settlement Agreement with tobacco companies for recovery of state health care costs, the decisions of US juries in state court lawsuits by individuals against tobacco companies, local controversies over ETS requirements on both sides of the border, and restrictive tobacco-control policies pursued by the Ontario, Quebec, and British Columbia governments in Canada are examples. Authority is divided not only between the federal government and the state or provincial governments, but also between...

  10. 5 Political Processes and Tobacco Control
    (pp. 169-202)

    This chapter considers the evidence for several of the theories which might explain tobacco-control policy in Canada and the United States. Which theory or combination of theories can provide a superior explanation of policy over both time and space, in Canada and the United States over a period of more than a third of a century? Some theories may be better at explaining similarities while others contribute more to explaining differences. The six examined here are (1) agenda setting, (2) interest groups/social movements, (3) ideology/parties/elections, (4) political institutions, (5) political culture, and (6) policy typologies. Chapter Six focuses solely on...

  11. 6 Tobacco-Control Lessons Across the Border?
    (pp. 203-256)

    This chapter surveys the evidence for lesson drawing between Canada and the United States during phases four and five of tobacco control, since the Surgeon General’s report of 1964. It attempts to answer the question of what each country learned from the other, how and when they did so, and, from a theoretical perspective, whether lesson drawing helps explain policy in the two countries. If convergence occurred, was this due to lesson drawing or other, similar internal factors?

    First, this chapter examines the question of how much lesson drawing has occurred and when, by looking at the comparative course of...

  12. 7 Canada and the United States in the Global Politics of Tobacco Control
    (pp. 257-286)

    This concluding chapter will do three things. First, it will provide an overall evaluation of the theories possibly explaining tobacco-control policy in Canada and the United States. Second, it will suggest some possible short-term future developments for tobacco control in both countries. Finally, it will consider tobacco control in Canada and the United States in relation to the developing international level of tobacco control, principally exemplified by the attempt to adopt a Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) under the auspices of the World Health Organization and the role of international governmental organizations (IGOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in that...

  13. Appendix: List of Persons Interviewed
    (pp. 287-288)
  14. References
    (pp. 289-312)
  15. Index
    (pp. 313-327)