Science and Ethics/La science et l'éthique

Science and Ethics/La science et l'éthique

Edited by Patricia Demers
Organized by Howard Alper
Copyright Date: 2001
Pages: 152
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/9781442664685
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  • Book Info
    Science and Ethics/La science et l'éthique
    Book Description:

    The papers from the 2000 symposium of the Royal Society of Canada explore the crucial relationship between science and ethics.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-6468-5
    Subjects: General Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. [i]-[iv])
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. [v]-[vi])
  3. Introduction
    (pp. 1-2)
    Howard Alper

    The present volume records the papers delivered at the Society’s Symposium on Science and Ethics held in Ottawa on Saturday, November 18th, 2000. I would like to thank the Society’s Program Committee for its contributions to this symposium as well as the personnel of the Secretariat in Ottawa (Shawna Lawson, Sandy Jackson, Sophie Buoro, Nancy Lessard and Jeanne Salo) for having taken care of all organizational matters.

    I would also like to acknowledge the financial support of the following organizations: Canada’s Research-Based Pharmaceutical Companies; the Department of Canadian Heritage; Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR); Gowling Lafleur Henderson LLB; Health...

  4. Can Science or Ethics Compromise Each Other in Human Subject Research?
    (pp. 3-24)
    Bernard M. Dickens

    Over the last half-century, inspiration for ethical guidance in medical and much other research involving human subjects has been based on the Nuremberg Code. This Code was adopted in 1947 by the International War Crimes Tribunal that convened in Nuremberg after the Second World War to try offences charged against military personnel and their non-military collaborators, including the Nazi doctors.¹ In contrast to the major military leaders, who were tried by tribunals of international composition, the trial of doctors accused of undertaking inhumane medical experimentation on powerless human subjects was convened by administrators of the American sector of occupied Germany....

  5. La privatisation de la recherche biomédicale au Canada : enjeux éthiques
    (pp. 25-48)
    Marie-Hélène Parizeau

    À la réunion du comité d’éthique de la recherche de I’hôpital A., le document suivant est soumis.

    La compagnie pharmaceutique internationale DPT annonce la phase III de sa nouvelle molécule X-TRUC qui est un anti-viral nouveau pour le traitement du SIDA. Trois études cliniques sont prévues et doivent démarrer dans six mois. La compagnie demande si le comité d’éthique est prêt à évaluer dans trois mois, le protocole de phase III, tant au plan scientifique qu’éthique. Il est dit qu’à cette date les études de toxicologie sur l’animal à six mois seront en cours, mais on ne disposera des résultats...

  6. The Governance of Health Care Research Involving Human Subjects: Reflections on Ethical Policy for Science Research
    (pp. 49-68)
    Michael McDonald

    When Rabelais wrote these words over 450 years ago, science was in its infancy; nonetheless, his comment remains pertinent. I will contend that how our scientific institutions are governed tells us far more about the state of the scientific ‘soul’ than formal statements of support for ethics codes and policy statements.

    My concern is with the ethical governance for research involving humans. Such governance requires giving appropriate institutional expression to the basic principles of research involving humans – namely, respect for the dignity, rights and humanity of research subjects. This in turn requires the adoption of norms and practices of...

  7. Old Copyright Law and New Technologies: Canadian Copyright Reform in the Digital Age
    (pp. 69-102)
    Michael Geist

    Since its inception, copyright law has attempted to strike a balance between the rights of content creators and those of content consumers. Copyright law encourages the creation of original works by providing creators with a limited monopoly in the work. Limitations on that monopoly can be found in the finite lifespan of the copyright protection as well as in exceptions such as fair use, which were created to encourage the use and dissemination of ideas through the exposure to the works.

    As technology has evolved, so too has the copyright balance. In the United States, for example, early copyright laws...

  8. La xénotransplantation : tour de force ou tour de cochon?
    (pp. 103-120)
    Thérèse Leroux

    Dans le domaine de la santé, nombreuses sont les innovations technologiques qui ont provoqué de profonds bouleversements au sein de la collectivité. Pensons aux nouvelles technologies de la reproduction, à la génétique qui ont suscité une réflexion profonde. Or, la frontière inter espèce pourrait bientôt être franchie avec l’avènement de la xénotransplantation (la transplantation de cellules, tissus, organes vivants d'origine animale à l’être humain). Cette avenue est proposée pour pallier au manque d’organes humains et pour traiter des maladies chroniques et débilitantes. Cette possibilité soulève, elle aussi, de nombreux questionnements et exige une attention toute particulière compte tenu de son...

  9. British Beef, Ontario Water and Dead Crows
    (pp. 121-146)
    Colleen Clements

    When a public policy mistake is made, by definition it is a large one because of the population numbers involved. I am going to identify 7 ethical concepts that are crucial to public and health policy, and suggest that working with these concepts may help in avoiding some of the more obvious mistakes.

    1.Conflicts of Interest. Because different levels of a natural system have varying characteristics, needs and interests, it is usual, not unusual, that policy making will likely contain embedded conflicts among these levels. Conflicts involving what is included in the community to which the expert has an ethical...

  10. Notes on Contributors / Notices biographiques des conférenciers
    (pp. 147-152)