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The World in a City

The World in a City

Paul Anisef
Michael Lanphier
Copyright Date: 2003
https://doi.org/10.3138/9781442670259
Pages: 528
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/9781442670259
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  • Book Info
    The World in a City
    Book Description:

    Toronto is perhaps the most multicultural city in the world. The process of settlement and integration in modern-day Toronto is, however, more difficult for recent immigrants than it was for those newcomers arriving in previous decades. Many challenges face newly settled immigrants, top among them access to healthcare, education, employment, housing, and other economic and community services. The concept of social exclusion opens up promising ways to analyze the various challenges facing newcomers andThe World in a Cityexplores Toronto's ability to sustain a civic society.

    This collection of essays highlights why the need to pay more attention to certain at-risk groups, and the importance of adapting policy to fit the changing settlement and clustering patterns of newcomers is of crucial importance. The authors' findings demonstrate that there are many obstacles to providing opportunity for immigrants, low resource bases in particular. Toronto, they suggest, does not provide a level 'playing field' for its newly arrived inhabitants, and, in failing to recognize the particular needs of new communities, fails to ensure a growth that would be of immense benefit to the city as a whole.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7025-9
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. vii-2)
  4. Introduction: Immigration and the Accommodation of Diversity
    (pp. 3-18)
    Paul Anisef and Michael Lanphier

    At the end of June 2001, a reporter asked Mel Lastman, mayor of Toronto, for his comment on the Mombasa meeting of the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa he was to attend in support of the Toronto Olympic bid. Lastman quipped, ʹWhy the hell would I want to go to a place like Mombasa? I just see myself in a pot of boiling water with all these natives dancing around meʹ (James 2001). As soon as his remark hit the press, his effort at humour turned into a firestorm of controversy. In spite of his repeated apologies, the...

  5. 1 Becoming an Immigrant City: A History of Immigration into Toronto since the Second World War
    (pp. 19-62)
    Harold Troper

    In 1999, a Canadian immigration museum was inaugurated at Pier 21 in Halifax. It stands as a testament to the historic contribution of immigrants to Canadian society. The site is well-chosen: in just over forty years - from 1928 to 1971 - tens of thousands of European immigrants arriving by ship first set foot on Canadian soil at Pier 21. Unsure of exactly what awaited them in their land of second chance, the new arrivals were processed by immigration authorities and left Pier 21 to begin new lives in Canada.

    If this museum honours Canadaʹs immigration past, it also shows...

  6. 2 Immigrants in the Greater Toronto Area: A Sociodemographic Overview
    (pp. 63-131)
    Clifford Jansen and Lawrence Lam

    Chapter 1 describes how Toronto moved from a predominantly British Protestant society to what we know today as a multicultural one. Like much of Canadaʹs history and culture, this change came about, in large part, as the result of successive waves of immigration. Many people can trace their roots back several generations in this country, but the reality is that immigration has been on the Canadian agenda for decades. Each generation of Canadians has had to deal with immigration problems relevant to their time and, as Harold Troper points out, events outside Canada, such as two world wars and their...

  7. 3 Towards a Comfortable Neighbourhood and Appropriate Housing: Immigrant Experiences in Toronto
    (pp. 132-191)
    Robert A. Murdie and Carlos Teixeira

    The acquisition of an appropriate house in a comfortable neighbourhood is particularly important in defining immigrant integration. As Ray (1999) notes, both neighbourhood and house ʹmake a statement, whether intended or not, about an economic position,ʹ and, as well, they ʹaffirm a social and/or cultural identityʹ (66). The nature and location of the neighbourhood and the availability of suitable accommodation also affect social inclusion. As well, what is considered to be an appropriate house in a comfortable neighbourhood will differ according to the expectations and cultural norms of the immigrant group. A comfortable neighbourhood is one in which the newcomer...

  8. 4 Immigrantsʹ Economic Status in Toronto: Stories of Triumph and Disappointment
    (pp. 192-262)
    Valerie Preston, Lucia Lo and Shuguang Wang

    Since Torontoʹs inception, immigrants have been a vital ingredient in the local economy. Whether they participate as salaried employees, self-employed individuals, or entrepreneurs, their historical story is one of poverty or near poverty at the time of arrival, followed by social and economic mobility thereafter. The ability to achieve income parity with native-born Canadians is often viewed as the principal measure of economic success and a crucial indicator of socio-economic integration. The buoyant post-war economy was relatively open to immigrants, even those with little formal education. However, the situation changed during the recessions of the 1980s and 1990s. During these...

  9. 5 Immigrant Students and Schooling in Toronto, 1960s to 1990s
    (pp. 263-315)
    Carl E. James and Barbara Burnaby

    This chapter explores ways in which immigrants and refugees have been inserted into the Toronto educational system, and how immigrants have inserted themselves into the system in their efforts to establish themselves in Canada. With reference to educational policies and programs of governments, school boards, post-secondary institutions, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that were designed to address issues arising from the arrival of large numbers of immigrants to Toronto, we present an analysis of trends, over time, of educational outcomes for immigrant learners, particularly young immigrants.¹ These outcomes represent, to the extent possible given the limitations of the available data, a...

  10. 6 Diversity and Immigrant Health
    (pp. 316-353)
    Samuel Noh and Violet Kaspar

    Demographic projections show significant transformations in composition and social characteristics of the Canadian population, brought about primarily by post-Second World War immigration. As Harold Troper has illustrated in chapter 1, and Clifford Jansen and Lawrence Lam further break down in their sociodemographic overview in chapter 2, people from non-European nations (for example, in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East) have constituted most of Canadaʹs post-war immigrants during the past three decades. According to the 1996 Canadian census, 11.2 per cent of Canadians are visible minorities, more than double the figure of 5 per cent based on the 1981 census; the...

  11. 7 Images of Integrating Diversity: A Photographic Essay
    (pp. 354-372)
    Gabriele Scardellato

    When the editors ofThe World in a Cityasked me to compile a photographic essay for the volume, I eagerly accepted, regarding the invitation as an opportunity to contribute to an important research undertaking. Toronto has inspired some wonderful photography over the years and much of it is available in various city repositories. Also, given the more contemporary focus of some of the themes in the volume, the requested essay provided an occasion to photograph aspects of city life that suggest its diversity or to use photographs that I had taken already. The photographs in this compilation, then, attempt...

  12. 8 Integrating Community Diversity in Toronto: On Whose Terms?
    (pp. 373-456)
    Myer Siemiatycki, Tim Rees, Roxana Ng and Khan Rahi

    Few cities have become so multicultural so quickly. Within a few decades, global migration has transformed Toronto into a remarkably diverse ethnic, racial, linguistic, and religious metropolis. Consider the lived experience of Toronto urban affairs reporter John Barber. Writing near the end of the twentieth century in theGlobe and Mail, Barber observed: ʹI grew up in a tidy, prosperous, narrow-minded town where Catholicism was considered exotic; my children are growing up in the most cosmopolitan city on Earth. The same placeʹ (Barber 1998, A8).

    Yet few places - few cities - could have been less prepared for immigrant diversity...

  13. 9 World in a City: A View from Policy
    (pp. 457-473)
    Meyer Burstein and Howard Duncan

    Note:The thoughts contained in this chapter are those of the authors at the time of writing. They are not to be taken to represent the policy of the Government of Canada. They do not necessarily represent the thoughts of the authors tomorrow.

    The preceding chapters of this book tell a tale of Toronto in transition, a tale of rapid population growth and ethnic, racial, and religious diversification. Although this tale is perhaps most profound when told of Toronto, it can be repeated for many Canadian cities and towns. What is happening in Toronto is already or will be happening...

  14. Epilogue: Blockages to Opportunity?
    (pp. 474-478)
    Michael Lanphier and Paul Anisef

    The World in a Cityrepresents an initial, but comprehensive, inquiry into the reciprocal impact of immigration on Toronto as a metropolis and the social arrangements of the metropolis on the lives of newly arrived immigrants. It has highlighted that, since 1970, there has been an impressively extensive accommodation of people from diverse backgrounds and impressive patterns of adaptation on the part of newcomers. Authors in this volume, for the most part, agree that the broad outlines of Canadaʹs admission policy during this recent period has attempted to maintain a shifting, if at times uneasy, balance of priorities. These priorities...

  15. References
    (pp. 479-522)
  16. Contributors
    (pp. 523-528)
  17. Index
    (pp. 529-543)