The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus

The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus: Fragments

A TEXT AND TRANSLATION WITH A COMMENTARY BY C.C.W. TAYLOR
Copyright Date: 1999
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/9781442671102
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  • Book Info
    The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus
    Book Description:

    A new presentation of the evidence for the thought of Leucippus and Democritus, based on the original sources. Includes the Greek text of the fragments with facing English translation, notes, commentary, and complete indexes and concordances.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7110-2
    Subjects: Philosophy

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    (pp. vii-viii)
    C.C.W. TAYLOR
  4. ABBREVIATIONS
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. PREFACE
    (pp. xi-1)
  6. FRAGMENTS: TEXT AND TRANSLATION
    (pp. 2-52)

    L1. οὐδέν χρη̂μα μάτην γίνεται, ἀλλὰ πάντα ἐκ λόγου τϵ καὶ ὑπ᾽ ἀνάγκης.

    STOBAEUS I.4.7c[= AETIUS I.25.4]

    D1. η̂̓λθον γάρ ϵἰς ’Αθήνας καὶ οὔτις μϵ ἔγνωκϵν.

    DIOGENES LAERTIUS ΙΧ.36

    D2. Δημόκριτος γου̂ν αὐτός, ὥς ϕασιν, ἔλϵγϵ βούλϵσθαι μίαν ϵὑρϵι̂ν αἰτιο-λoγίαν ἢ τὴν Πϵρσω̂ν οἱ βασιλϵίαν γϵνέσθαι.

    DIONYSIUS ap. EUSEBIUS PE XIV.27.4

    D3. νέα ἐϕ’ ἡμέρῃ ϕρονέοντϵς

    PLUTARCH Mor. 655d, 722d, 1129e.

    D4. λέγων τάδϵ πϵρὶ τω̂ν ξνμπάντων

    SEXTUS Μ. VII.265

    [Sextus changes the verb from present indicative to present participle to fit the construction of his own sentence. Cicero (see opp.) indicates that Democritusʹ own words were probably τάδϵ λγω...

  7. TESTIMONIA
    (pp. 53-156)

    Leucippus of Elea, or of Abdera, according to some sources, or Miletus, according to others. He was a pupil of Zeno.

    [The remainder of Diogenesʹ ʹLifeʹ consists of a summary of Leucippusʹ cosmology; see 77a.]

    Apollodorus¹ says in his Chronicles that he [i.e., Epicurus] was a pupil of Nausiphanes² and Praxiphanes.³ He himself denies it, and says in his letter to Eurylochus that he was self-taught. And he says that there never even was such a philosopher as Leucippus, as does Hermarchus,⁴ whom some, including the Epicurean Apollodorus,⁵ report as having been a teacher of Democritus.

    [Discussing Diogenes of Apollonia]...

  8. COMMENTARY
    (pp. 157-234)

    Atomism was the creation of two thinkers, Leucippus and Democritus. The former, attested by Aristotle, our primary source, as the founder of the theory (e.g., 46a, 48a), was a shadowy figure even in antiquity, being eclipsed by his more celebrated successor Democritus to such an extent that the theory came to be generally regarded as the work of the latter, while Epicurus, who developed and popularized atomism in the third century BC, went so far as to deny that Leucippus ever existed (2).¹ Nothing is known of his life. Even his birthplace was disputed, some sources associating him with one...

  9. THE SAYINGS OF DEMOCRATES
    (pp. 235-238)
  10. PASSAGES CITED AS SOURCES
    (pp. 239-260)
  11. NOTES ON SOURCES
    (pp. 261-264)
  12. CONCORDANCES
    (pp. 265-290)
  13. BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. 291-298)
  14. INDEX OF NAMES AND SUBJECTS
    (pp. 299-303)
  15. Index of Passages from Ancient Authors
    (pp. 304-308)
  16. Back Matter
    (pp. 309-310)