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Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs 2000

Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs 2000

Copyright Date: 2006
Pages: 300
  • Book Info
    Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs 2000
    Book Description:

    Long praised for its accuracy, readability, and insight, theCanadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairsoffers a synoptic appraisal of the year's developments in Canadian politics.

    The first year of the new millennium saw a new conservative federal party born with the union of the Reform Party and disaffected federal Progressive Conservatives. Led by Stockwell Day, the Canadian Alliance was defeated by Jean Chrétien's liberals in the subsequent federal election. A second RCMP investigation into questionable job-creation grants in Chrétien's home riding, however, hurt the Prime Minister's reputation. The Liberals' new cigarette-packaging requirements, featuring gruesome tobacco-related images meant to discourage smoking, were challenged by tobacco companies. As well, the issue of police racism was brought to the fore when two Saskatoon police officers were suspended over allegations they abandoned a Native man on a cold winter night without a coat. Additionally, Ontario's chief coroner announced an investigation into the deaths of nine people following an outbreak of E.Coli in Walkerton.

    TheCanadian Annual Reviewis unique in its collection and presentation of the year in politics. The combination of the calendar and the text offers a superb, easy-access reference source for political events, both federal and provincial.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7213-0
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-x)
  3. Contributors
    (pp. xi-xii)
  4. Preface
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  5. Canadian calendar 2000
    (pp. xv-2)
    (pp. 3-8)

    The year 2000 began with a whimper. By itself this might not seem overly surprising for, except for fireworks, the beginning of January is not often marked by exciting public events. Nevertheless, the all too usual calm of the first of January this year was notable, because of the widespread concern that it would be anything but calm. For several years there had been a growing chorus of voices warning of the dangers of 1 January 2000, or, as our ever-contracting world would have it, Y2K. The problem was that computers, which had become ubiquitous in the only in the...

  7. The federal government, politics, and national institutions
    (pp. 9-48)

    In search of a third successive victory at the polls, the Liberal Party under Jean Chretien met the voters on 27 November. It was an early election. The Liberals were only three and a half years into the customary four- to five-year mandate earned in 1997. As is always the case when a government chooses to accelerate the electoral process, the timing was controversial. It was also understandable. In opinion polls taken before the election, the Liberals were far ahead of their main rivals. At the same time, the official opposition party, Reform, had barely finished the process of acquiring...

  8. Canada in the world: foreign affairs and national defence
    (pp. 49-78)

    The year 2000 started with Canadians holding their breath, given the hype the Y2K bug had received for at least two years before the start of the new century. In the end, vital computer systems did not shut down and, consequently, the feared social and economic chaos did not ensue. As for the Department of National Defence (DND) and the Canadian Forces (CF), they had launched Operation Abacus, the largest ever country-wide military operation. During the lead-up to 1 January 2000, the military ensured that not only were its essential systems Y2K-compliant, but that it had sufficient capacity to deal...

  9. Municipal affairs
    (pp. 79-99)

    In the last quarter of the twentieth century, the neo-liberal model of governance came to predominate in almost every part of the world, including Canada. This model re-legitimized a role that municipal leaders here and elsewhere have often preferred: to be promoters of private investment rather than agents of a powerful state. In the Keynesian- liberal state of the post-war era, municipalities and other local authorities were enlisted in efforts to regulate the economy, stimulate economic development, redistribute income in favour of the poor, provide a wide range of social services, and control the physical development of cities. Municipal leaders...

  10. British Columbia
    (pp. 100-112)

    Labour unrest was a common thread in British Columbia throughout the year, especially in the health and forest sectors. It was a year of strikes. Some strikes were for wages and benefits. There was also the striking of a new era with an Indo-Canadian being elected Premier for the first time in Canada. There were striking events like the passing of Pierre Trudeau, whose connection to British Columbia was familial - he found a love and lost a son in this province. For his part, Federal Environment Minister David Anderson offered a pre-emptive strike to those suggesting the moratorium on...

  11. Alberta
    (pp. 113-126)

    Alberta is not known for vigorous political debates over public policy. The province has a reputation for being politically monolithic, a status reinforced by the fact that in 2000 the Conservative government was approaching thirty years in power. Those criticisms of Alberta could not be levied against the province in 2000, however. Three policy areas - health care, tax policy, and electricity - preoccupied the government and the public. With a provincial election looming, the fact that the public was concerned over government handling of health care and electricity was significant. The result was that 2000 was a year unlike...

  12. Saskatchewan
    (pp. 127-146)

    On 1 January 2000 Saskatchewanians awoke from their post-millennium celebration slumber to realize that, although they were now living in a new century and a new millennium, very little had changed from the day before. Neither their best hopes nor their worst fears for their province had been realized. Economically, politically, and technologically things remained much as they had been in the recent past. To the chagrin of some and the happiness of others no magical millennial mystery or muse emerged that would change their objective conditions or reality. Notwithstanding the lack of radical change, the remainder of the year...

  13. Manitoba
    (pp. 147-155)

    The final year of the twentieth century in Manitoba was one of lowprofile, unobtrusive government from the NDP. The party’s election platform the year before had been extraordinarily prudent. Their behaviour in government suggested they had been in earnest in promising progressive but not radical government.

    The former premier, Progressive Conservative Gary Filmon (Tuxedo), gave up his seat, and his party found a new leader. The economy was on the whole healthy, though the plight of some of Manitoba’s farmers was bleak. Moreover, the optimism of the last several years seemed to be on the point of fading somewhat. The...

  14. The Territories
    (pp. 156-172)

    The new millennium marks a new era for the Territorial Norths of Canada. At a time of declining national interest in the North generally, with territorial issues rarely attracting federal attention or interest in the southern media, the three northern territories attempted to revitalize stalled economies and provide a measure of hope for the increasingly disconsolate residents of the Far North. The territories struggled through difficulties of economic stagnation, uncertain government finances, resource busts (and one boom), and the added challenges of adapting to new realities of territorial self-government. In the shift toward greater regional autonomy and self-management, all three...

  15. Ontario
    (pp. 173-192)

    Having won a second majority in 1999, the Conservative government of Mike Harris faced the question in 2000 of whether it could sustain the momentum of the ‘Common Sense Revolution’ that had characterized its first term. Criticism of the pace of reform had not caused Ontario voters to turn against the government in the 1999 election, but in 2000 some issues arose that cast doubt on the wisdom of the government’s reduction of program expenditure and its streamlining of regulations, or at least on the speed with which they had been pursued. Conflict with teachers continued to disrupt the education...

  16. Quebec
    (pp. 193-211)

    Quebecers greeted the new century, indeed the new millennium, with optimism. After nearly a decade of disappointing indicators during the 1990s, the Quebec economy showed strong signs of recovery, particularly in 1999. While the average annual rate of economic growth had stagnated at around 2 per cent during the previous two decades, it was 3.7 per cent for 1999. In 1998 and 1999, job creation reached levels unparalleled since the late 1980s, and the unemployment rate was at its lowest since 1976. On the eve of the new century, the outlook was good and the mood quite upbeat in Quebec....

  17. New Brunswick
    (pp. 212-222)

    The first year of a new government’s mandate is traditionally the easiest as its members get accustomed to their new roles and enjoy the perks of power. The second year brings reality, and in Premier Bernard Lord’s case, that meant making some tough decisions to cope with New Brunswick’s perpetually weak finances - a situation compounded by his determination to keep the last of the twenty promises to be fulfilled within his first two hundred days in office. All were completed within the allotted time except the most controversial - ending the highway tolls imposed by the McKenna government. Premier...

  18. Prince Edward Island
    (pp. 223-231)

    The year 2000 in Prince Edward Island was shaped by three elections - municipal, provincial, and federal - leading to an electoral endorsement of the status quo. These results reflected the generally healthy economy of the Island, which only faltered near the end of 2000 with the U.S. import ban of PEI potatoes. There was a steady flow of progressive legislative change following the provincial election and the renewed confidence given by the overwhelming voter support shown to Pat Binns’ Conservative government.

    Estimated economic growth in PEI for 2000 was 2.9 per cent, with a total GDP of $3.2 billion;...

  19. Nova Scotia
    (pp. 232-243)

    Nova Scotia entered the new millennium in festive style with fireworks and the decorative lighting of the refurbished MacDonald Bridge in Halifax. More quietly, but significantly, on New Year’s Eve the first natural-gas exports flowed from the offshore fields to markets in New England. Mi’kmaq spiritual leader Noel Knockwood was named the provincial legislature’s Sergeant-at-arms, the first Native Canadian to hold this post. Jean Chretien appointed Myra Freeman as the first female lieutenant-governor. These appointments appeared a fitting way for the increasingly diverse province to enter the new millennium. But the new era began with old problems unresolved, as the...

  20. Newfoundland and Labrador
    (pp. 244-252)

    In Canada the millennium year 2000 began, as all years begin, in Newfoundland. To mark the occasion the government sponsored a First Light Celebration throughout the province. On the waterfront in St John’s there was a televised Debut 2000 event on 31 December, featuring a Countdown Concert. The St John’s celebration attracted international attention and gave the province a unique opportunity, which was not missed, to show itself to advantage. In the same spirit, Newfoundland and Labrador joined enthusiastically in various international celebrations during 2000 to mark the one thousandth anniversary of the voyage of the Viking adventurer Leif Ericsson...

  21. Obituaries 2000
    (pp. 253-256)
  22. Index of names
    (pp. 257-272)
  23. Index of subjects
    (pp. 273-289)