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Housing the Homeless and Poor

Housing the Homeless and Poor: New Partnerships among the Private, Public, and Third Sectors

George Fallis
Alex Murray
Copyright Date: 1990
Pages: 300
  • Book Info
    Housing the Homeless and Poor
    Book Description:

    Multiversities are sprawling conglomerates that provide liberal undergraduate, graduate, and professional education. As well-springs of innovation and ideas, these universities represent the core of society's research enterprise.Multiversities, Ideas, and Democracyforcibly argues that, in the contemporary world, multiversities need to be conceptualized in a new way, that is, not just as places of teaching and research, but also as fundamental institutions of democracy.

    Building upon the history of universities, George Fallis discusses how the multiversity is a distinctive product of the later twentieth century and has become an institution of centrality and power. He examines five characteristics of our age - the constrained welfare state, the information technology revolution, postmodern thought, commercialization, and globalization - and in each case explains how the dynamic of multiversity research alters societal circumstances, leading to the alteration of the institution itself and creating challenges to its own survival. The character of our age demands reappraisal of the multiversity, Fallis argues, in order to safeguard them from so-called 'mission drift.' Writing from a multi-national perspective, this study establishes how similar ideas are shaping multiversities across the Anglo-American world.

    Ultimately,Multiversities, Ideas, and Democracyseeks to uncover the ethos of the multiversity and to hold such institutions accountable for their contribution to democratic life. It will appeal to anyone interested in the role of education in society.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7588-9
    Subjects: Education

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. vii-2)
  4. 1 Introduction
    (pp. 3-15)

    All member countries of the United Nations designated 1987 as the International Year of Shelter for the Homeless (IYSH). When the UN resolution designating the IYSH was adopted in 1982, most people believed that the focus of the year would be on developing nations. But although it is true that homelessness is still mainly a developing-nation phenomenon, hardly a day passes without new evidence that, however one defines it, there are significant numbers of homeless in developed countries. Canada is no exception.

    How one defines homelessness is, of course, of profound importance - philosophically, socially, statistically, and politically. If homelessness...

  5. 2 Homelessness: The People
    (pp. 16-48)

    Even though homelessness can be observed and analysed as an economic, governmental, and institutional phenomenon, it is also a disturbing reality involving human beings with expectations, hopes, fears, longings, and passions. This chapter draws a profile of these people by first inquiring into the nature of homelessness through consideration of its opposite, ‘homefulness,’ or what it means to have a home. Next, an examination of the numbers of the homeless is organized within a demographic, life-style, and social-condition typology. An attempt is made to determine who the homeless are and how many categories of homeless there are in various parts...

  6. 3 The Urban Housing Market
    (pp. 49-81)

    This chapter provides contextual data for the analysis of the housing problems of the homeless and poor that will be useful throughout the book. It also analyses the urban housing market to identify certain causes of housing problems and discusses some programs that hold promise as solutions.¹ The title of this chapter might be ‘An Economist Looks at Homelessness and the Social Housing Problem’ because the chapter also provides an economic analysis of the issues.

    I deal here with the operation of the housing market in cities. (Of course, there are households in towns and rural areas suffering similar housing...

  7. 4 The Collapse of the WelfareConsensus? The Welfare State in the 1980s
    (pp. 82-114)

    Social problems such as homelessness do not exist in a vacuum. The nature of the problem itself, the way it is perceived, and the kinds of solutions considered as feasible are shaped by economic, political, and social conditions, as well as by general beliefs prevalent in society at a particular time. This chapter puts the problem of shelter and homelessness into the wider context of the welfare state in Canada.

    Broad post-war Western consensus about the welfare state developed around the idea that systematic government intervention in the market economy - including the provision of a range of public services...

  8. 5 Social Housing in a Divided State
    (pp. 115-163)

    Canada is governed in part through an endless succession of federal/provincial meetings to which prime ministers, premiers, ministers, and officials troop with clockwork regularity. These meetings usually take place in tall, elegant buildings located in the heart of metropolitan centres, often only blocks away from the rooming-houses, residential hotels, hostels, and social housing projects that shelter many of Canada’s poor and homeless. Mere physical proximity, however, cannot disguise the immense social distance between the world of federal/provincial diplomacy and the world of the poor, and the secret deliberations of federal and provincial governments must often seem irrelevant to the lives...

  9. 6 The Private-Sector Role in Low-Income Housing
    (pp. 164-196)

    This chapter analyses the role of the private sector in providing housing for low-income households in the context of the housing markets and institutional constructs of the United States. In examining the potential of private developers, landlords, and financial institutions to provide shelter for people of low income in existing and newly developed housing, it explores four major categories of inquiry.

    First: What is the nature of the present low-income housing problem? To what extent do homelessness and the threat of homelessness represent new phenomena in the annals of low-income housing crises? Who are the homeless and to what degree...

  10. 7 The Revolving Door: Third-Sector Organizations and the Homeless
    (pp. 197-226)

    The role of third-sector agencies in the provision of shelter for the homeless is not well known despite the fact that religious and charitable agencies, such as church missions and the Salvation Army, have long been on the front line in the battle against homelessness. They are the oldest welfare agencies in Canada and pre-date by far any governmental programs of social welfare.(Homelessness is not a new phenomenon in this country, as Marc Choko [1980] reminds us in his aptly titled book,Cent ans de crise de logement.) This chapter attempts to assess the role of third-sector organizations in the...

  11. 8 The Muncipal Role in Housing the Homeless and Poor
    (pp. 227-262)

    Local governments are keenly aware of housing needs. Employees in a number of municipal departments and agencies, and often local politicians, have almost daily contact with people facing housing difficulties. This ‘grass-roots’ relationship with housing need is not present to the same extent for provincial and particularly federal officials. Although municipalities are often placed in the best position to gauge housing need, the Canadian Constitution does not give them the direct responsibility for housing. As well, the Constitution limits their ability to generate sufficient revenue to implement effective and ongoing programs capable of addressing the needs of lower-income households. Rose...

  12. 9 Reflecting on the Problems and Possibilities
    (pp. 263-270)

    It is probably impossible for most of us to imagine what it means to be homeless in Canada. Even if we took the test of trying to survive on the streets for a day or a weekend or a month, we would still have the security of knowing we could and would eventually return to our homes. We would still have ‘our place’ in the world. To be homeless means more than to be exposed to the harsh Canadian weather. It means to be without dignity or security, to live under degrading public scrutiny, and to have no place of...

  13. APPENDIX 1 Vienna Recommendations on Shelter and Urban Development
    (pp. 271-287)
  14. APPENDIX 2 Symposium Recommendations on the Private-Sector Role
    (pp. 288-290)
  15. Symposium Participants
    (pp. 291-292)
  16. Contributors
    (pp. 293-294)
  17. Index
    (pp. 295-301)