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Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs, 2001

Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs, 2001

  • Book Info
    Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs, 2001
    Book Description:

    Long praised for its accuracy, readability, and insight, theCanadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairsoffers a synoptic appraisal of the year's developments in Canadian politics.

    Canada went to war in 1999, participating in a two-month NATO-led air war against Yugoslavia over its treatment of Kosovar Albanians. Attracting less public attention was an important turn in the country's constitutional arrangements - the creation of Nunavut - producing a self-governing capacity for the Inuit. The year 1999 also saw both the federal and British Columbia governments approve an historic agreement with the Nisga'a Nation. Additionally, Jean Chrétien's Liberal government pushed ahead with its plan to create a law that sets out the rules around any future referendum on Quebec's sovereignty.

    TheCanadian Annual Reviewis unique in its collection and presentation of the year in politics. The combination of the calendar and the text offers a superb, easy-access reference source for political events, both federal and provincial.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-8412-6
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-x)
  3. Contributors
    (pp. xi-xii)
  4. Canadian calendar
    (pp. xiii-2)
    (pp. 3-8)

    Much of the world, and many in Canada, celebrated a new century and a new millennium at the beginning of the year 2000. There had even been some expectation of significant change with the coming of the new millennium - if for no other reason than that the now ubiquitous computers might not be able to tell the difference between 2000 and 1900. Certainly, in global terms, politics was ripe for change, as no clear organizing framework had yet replaced the Cold War, now ten years gone. History, however, is rarely that neat, and 2000 came and went without seeming...

  6. The federal government, politics, and national institutions
    (pp. 9-48)

    The incomprehensible images of 11 September left an indelible impression on world events in the final months of 2001. Canadian politics were profoundly and inescapably touched by the devastating attacks and their aftermath. The Liberal government of Jean Chretien was confronted with critical choices over a broad spectrum of policy fields. It made particularly important decisions on the diplomatic, military, justice, and budgetary fronts. The grave consequences of 9/11 both quickened and unsettled federal politics. For other reasons, the system was out of sync and often out of sorts. The year was neatly but somewhat oddly framed by a Speech...

  7. Canada in the world: foreign affairs and national defence
    (pp. 49-82)

    The year 2001 challenged traditional assumptions about the place of Canada in the world. Many of the challenges that Canadian policymakers faced stemmed from the repercussions of the 11 September terrorist attacks against the United States. Did security now trump trade in Canada-U.S. relations? How should Canada approach the new Bush administration in Washington, which was more willing to take the unilateral route rather than the path of multilateralism favoured by Canada? Should Canada embrace free trade and liberalization as it engaged in trade disputes with the United States and other countries? Would the economic boom that began in the...

  8. Municipal affairs
    (pp. 83-94)

    In 2001 anxieties about the condition of Canadian cities increased. The prime minister appointed a Caucus Task Force on Urban Issues, led by Toronto MP (and former city councillor) Judy Srgo. Winnipeg mayor Glen Murray hosted the inaugural meeting of the C5 group of big-city mayors, who wanted to take up Jane Jacobs' call for greater municipal autonomy and new urban initiatives. The Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) renewed its demands for fuller recognition of the municipalities as a third order of government, and pointed once again to the gap between municipal responsibilities and municipal resources. The neglect of urban...

  9. British Columbia
    (pp. 95-105)

    A minor earthquake shook the lower mainland in February. While it did not exact much of a toll, the year was shocking in many other ways. Most observers expected the Liberals to be victorious in the May election, but no one thought the New Democrats would be reduced to only two seats and stripped of official party status. The terrorist attacks of September 11 were a profoundly shocking event that had a direct impact on some Vancouverites as they welcomed stranded international visitors to their homes. The Liberals pointed to the tragedy as a cause of the recession; the NDP...

  10. Alberta
    (pp. 106-121)

    The year 2001 was one of highs and lows for Premier Ralph Klein and his Conservative government. The high point for the Conservatives was unquestionably their overwhelming victory in the provincial election, in which they resumed their utter dominance of the provincial legislature. Mr Klein had finally earned an election victory reminiscent of the party’s glory days under Peter Lougheed. The low point for Mr Klein came at the end of the year, after his late-night visit to a homeless shelter forced him to confront his drinking problem publicly. The government enjoyed a high point with its provincial budget, which...

  11. Saskatchewan
    (pp. 122-140)

    It is quite ironic that in the year the provincial government launched its ‘Dream Saskatchewan’ ad campaign, many developments in public affairs were less than sweet dreams as Saskatchewan’s perennial problems persisted. Indeed, the most remarkable aspect of 2001 was the fallout from the tragic events of September 11 in the United States - which was felt in Saskatchewan just as in other parts of Canada - rather than anything extraordinary that happened within the province.

    One would think that after those events the people of Saskatchewan would have counted their blessings, feeling better about their place in the world....

  12. Manitoba
    (pp. 141-150)

    The government of Premier Gary Doer provided a year of competent if unspectacular administration in 2001, and marked the second anniversary of its mandate in September. In the legislature, the opposition was seldom able to land a glove on the administration. However, the year ended with an economic slowdown that threatened to cause long-term political trouble for the New Democrats. An important story was Thomas Sophonow’s successful effort to at last find justice and be compensated for the years he spent in prison for a crime he did not commit.

    The legislature reconvened on 10 April, sat until 5 July,...

  13. The Territories
    (pp. 151-177)

    For the territorial north, 2001 saw a continuation of long-standing debates over pipelines, devolution of federal authority, and Aboriginal land claims and efforts to secure greater self-government, as well as continued struggles on the economic front. At a time of considerable national prosperity and expansion, particularly in southern Ontario and western Canada, the territorial north coped with uncertain resource developments, stalled debates over northern megaprojects, and considerable internal political tension. Regional governments wrestled with growing demands and expectations at a time when federal transfers were, in territorial eyes, insufficient to meet the challenges of administering Canada’s sparsely populated northern territories....

  14. Ontario
    (pp. 178-197)

    As the government of Mike Harris was moving into the third year of its second mandate, observers continued to wonder whether the steam had gone out of the ‘Common Sense Revolution.’ While the premier and his colleagues maintained their focus on education and made several legislative forays into aspects of health care, their activity seemed like caretaking and mopping up. It lacked the scope of the wholesale reforms for which they had aimed during their first term. In addition, they were dogged by the memory of the Walkerton tragedy and other environmental concerns. The inquiry into the Walkerton tainted-water incident...

  15. Quebec
    (pp. 198-212)

    The year 2000 set the stage. Though marked by encouraging social and economic indicators, that year showed signs of wear and tear on the political and policy fronts. The relatively strong popular support the Parti Quebecois government had succeeded in mustering in favour of its policies and management style was beginning to fray. The year ended on a fairly disappointing note for the government as it failed to summon the kind of public endorsement it was desperately seeking for its sovereignty project and was confronted with increasingly vocal disapproval of some of its key policies.

    The political dynamics that emerged...

  16. New Brunswick
    (pp. 213-223)

    Into the third year of his mandate, Progressive Conservative premier Bernard Lord, who had quickly followed through on most of his election promises during his first year, seemed to favour a policy of delay. Let labour disputes get to the strike stage and then go to arbitration. In the case of whether to continue video lottery terminals, let the people decide in the province’s first referendum in decades. In February, citizens were told to expect that a government decision on the future of NB Power would be made in the fall, but in November, Mr Lord said that his government...

  17. Prince Edward Island
    (pp. 224-231)

    The year 2001 was one of slow economic growth for Prince Edward Island, and was dominated, through the first half by the machinations and consequences of the potato wart crisis. The year also saw significant effects of severe weather, but was relatively placid in terms of political events.

    The year began with the provincial government and potato industry representatives from PEI seeking compensation from federal officials for lost markets caused by the U.S. ban on Island potatoes. The United States had imposed a ban on PEI potatoes in October 2000 after a fungus that makes potatoes unmarketable was found in...

  18. Nova Scotia
    (pp. 232-243)

    Nova Scotians were shocked by the tragic events in New York and Washington on 11 September. Almost 3,000 people were killed when terrorists flew hijacked jetliners into the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Nova Scotia was immediately affected, as transatlantic flights diverted from U.S. airports stranded approximately 7,000 passengers in the province. About forty flights were diverted to Halifax, and passengers were forced into shelters and public schools. Premier John Hamm asked ‘that whatever resources are available within our province be offered during this time of need’(Globe and Mail,12 September). For three days the province played host...

  19. Newfoundland and Labrador
    (pp. 244-252)

    Newfoundland and Labrador experienced perturbations, both political and natural, in 2001. The province's strategic geographical location gave its people an important role in the aftermath of the year's defining world event, the 11 September terrorist attacks on the United States.

    Seventy-eight commercial aircraft, carrying almost thirteen thousand passengers and crew, were diverted to provincial airports as Canada provided refuge for planes denied entry into American airspace. Gander International Airport had the most activity, with thirty-eight planes carrying 6,650 passengers and crew landing there. St John's International welcomed twenty–seven planes and 4,300 unexpected guests, Other airports involved in this exceptional...

  20. Obituaries
    (pp. 253-256)
  21. Index of Names
    (pp. 257-272)
  22. Index of Subjects
    (pp. 273-288)