Galicia

Galicia: A Historical Survey and Bibliographic Guide

PAUL ROBERT MAGOCSI
Copyright Date: 1983
Pages: 300
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt14jxw86
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  • Book Info
    Galicia
    Book Description:

    This is the first comprehensive bibliographic guide to Galicia history.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7513-1
    Subjects: History, Bibliography

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-xi)
  3. [Illustrations]
    (pp. xii-xii)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. xiii-xviii)

    Despite its relatively small size, Galicia has played an important and often crucial role in east-central European and, in particular, Ukrainian historical development. It was in Galicia that the medieval traditions of Kievan Rus’ were preserved after the Dnieper region had lost its historical significance in the thirteenth century. Again it was in Galicia where the Orthodox cultural revival and general renaissance in Ukrainian cultural life began in the late sixteenth century–movements that later were carried out in the political sphere with the establishment of a Cossack state in the Dnieper Ukraine. Finally, it was in Galicia where during...

  5. Abbreviations
    (pp. xix-xx)
  6. Chapter 1 Bibliographical and archival aids
    (pp. 1-20)

    The literature dealing with the historiography of Galicia as a whole is underdeveloped, and only in general studies of Ukrainian historiography can a discussion of works by Galician historians (and usually about Galicia) be found.¹ Historiographical works on specific periods in Galician history are available, however. The best of these focus on medieval and early modern times, as in the extensive sections in several Russian and Ukrainian historiographical works that deal with the Galician-Volhynian principality² and in two studies by Ivan KrypI”iakevych that analyze in detail the sources available for the study of Galicia before 1772.³ Polish scholarship that appeared...

  7. Chapter 2 General studies
    (pp. 21-45)

    This chapter will first discuss historical journals and reference works that deal in whole or in part with Galician - Ukrainian topics. Then will follow sections devoted to surveys of Galician - Ukrainian political, religious, and cultural history, as well as studies dealing with regions and individual cities. Only works of a more general nature covering most or all of Galician historical development will be treated here. For works dealing with one or two specific periods, it is necessary to consult the appropriate chapter in this volume.

    A few scholarly journals emanating both from within and beyond the borders of...

  8. Chapter 3 Early history to 1340
    (pp. 46-64)

    Although the history of Galicia traditionally begins with the first documentary references to the territory that reveal its association with Kievan Rus’ in the late tenth century, there are also several archeological studies of the region, the results of which have often been used by historians to confirm or deny hypotheses about “prehistoric” and later historical developments. Among the more prolific archeologists in the first half of the twentieth century were Bohdan Janusz, laroslav Pasternak, and Leon Koziowski, each of whom wrote one or more general surveys of archeological findings in all or part of Galicia from the Paleolithic Age...

  9. Chapter 4 1340–1772
    (pp. 65-91)

    The years 1340 to 1772 comprise the Polish era of Galician history. This era actually began with a transition period following the assassination in 1340 of Iurii II, the last Romanovych ruler of the Galician-Volhynian Kingdom, and the entry of Polish forces dispatched by Casimir the Great (reigned 1333–1370), who laid dynastic claims to Galicia as part of his expansive drive toward the east. For close to half a century, from 1340 to 1387, Galicia was to experience almost continuous instability because of foreign invasion by Tatars and by various claimants to rule Galicia and Volhynia, as well as...

  10. Chapter 5 1772–1848
    (pp. 92-115)

    The internal decline of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, which had already begun in the second half of the seventeenth century, and the simultaneous increase in the strength of neighboring Prussia, Austria, and Russia were factors that were to have a direct effect on the future of Galicia. In 1772, Prussia, Austria, and Russia carried out the first of three partitions of Polish territory that less than a quarter of a century later, in 1795, were to result in the removal of Poland from the map of Europe. In 1772, the Austrian empress Maria Theresa (reigned 1740–1780) had laid claim, as...

  11. Chapter 6 1848-1918
    (pp. 116-173)

    The year 1848 witnessed the outbreak of revolutionary activity throughout large parts of the European continent. Galicia was to remain under Austrian rule, but during the next six decades the Ukrainian population underwent a profound social, political, and cultural transformation.

    The revolutionary activity that began in March 1848 and threatened to overthrow Habsburg rule spread quickly to eastern Galicia. One month later, an imperial decree repealed serfdom. As a result of this act, a whole class of people (comprising more than ninety percent of the Ukrainian populace) had in effect come into being and had for the first time to...

  12. Chapter 7 1919-1939
    (pp. 174-204)

    With the dissolution of the Habsburg Empire in late October, 1918, Galician Ukrainians, like most other nationalities (and branches of nationalities) in Austria-Hungary, created national councils, declared their independence, and then set out to achieve in fact what they had declared in word. Ukrainian military and political preparations for the imminent collapse of the Habsburg state had already begun with the establishment in L’viv of a Central Military Committee at the end of September and a Ukrainian National Council (Rada) headed by parliamentarian levhen Petrushevych on October 18. Prepared militarily and politically, the Galician Ukrainians took the initiative on November...

  13. Chapter 8 1939-1944
    (pp. 205-216)

    September 1, 1939, marked the beginning of World War II. It also marked the beginning of a five-year holocaust during which society in Galicia was completely torn apart. The initial invasion of the Red Army resulted in the decimation of segments of the Ukrainian and Polish populations and the establishment of a radically new form of government; warring factions of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) fought with each other, with the Germans, with the Poles, with Soviet partisans, and with the Red Army; Ukrainians sympathetic to Soviet rule were ousted by those who accepted German rule, who were in...

  14. Chapter 9 1945 to the present
    (pp. 217-223)

    The Red Army’s success in driving the Germans out of eastern Galicia by the autumn of 1944 and the area’s reincorporation into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic did not mean the end of military hostilities. The Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), headed since 1943 by Roman Shukhevych (General Taras Chuprynka), together with the political wing of the movement, the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (Ukraïns’ka Holovna Vyzvol’na Rada–UHVR, est. July 1944), continued to fight against what they considered the Soviet aggressor and its allies, the Communist-controlled governments of Poland and later Czechoslovakia. Against overwhelming odds, the UPA held out in the...

  15. Chapter 10 Minorities
    (pp. 224-255)

    The vast majority of historical literature discussed in the preceding chapters has dealt with the Ukrainian and to a lesser degree the Polish population of Galicia. Indeed, the Ukrainians always made up the majority of inhabitants, and it is therefore not surprising that most of the writings on the region deal with the experiences of that nationality. Nonetheless, it should be remembered that eastern Galicia was also the homeland of other national groups, in particular Jews, Armenians, Germans, and Karaites, each of whom has a literature dealing with its “own” history in Galicia. It would seem most appropriate, therefore, to...

  16. Major place names
    (pp. 256-256)
  17. Index
    (pp. 257-299)
  18. Back Matter
    (pp. 300-300)