Skip to Main Content
Oneida-English/English-Oneida Dictionary

Oneida-English/English-Oneida Dictionary

Copyright Date: 2002
Pages: 1200
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    Oneida-English/English-Oneida Dictionary
    Book Description:

    Oneida is an endangered Iroquoian language spoken fluently by fewer than 250 people. This is the first comprehensive dictionary of the Oneida language as used in Ontario, where most of the surviving speakers reside.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-3287-5
    Subjects: Language & Literature

Table of Contents

Export Selected Citations Export to NoodleTools Export to RefWorks Export to EasyBib Export a RIS file (For EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zotero, Mendeley...) Export a Text file (For BibTex)
  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  3. Preface
    (pp. ix-xii)
    Karin Michelson
  4. Introduction
    (pp. 1-3)

    The Oneida today live primarily in three communities: Oneida-of-the-Thames near London, Ontario, the Oneida reservation near Green Bay, Wisconsin, and the Oneida reservation near Syracuse, New York. The original homeland of the Oneida was in New York; those who want to learn about the history of the Oneida, and their move to Ontario and Wisconsin, should consult Campisi and Hauptman (1988). It is estimated that there are presently about 160 speakers of Oneida in Ontario, and probably fewer than two dozen in Wisconsin. There are no fluent speakers in New York, although it is being taught in schools by teachers...

  5. Oneida Orthography
    (pp. 4-7)

    The orthography used in this dictionary is the orthography that is used by most teachers of Oneida in all three communities where Oneida is taught. The sounds represented by the letters are described in Table 1 on page 5. The vowels Λ and u are nasalized, and so English examples are given where the approximate equivalent sound is the English vowel plus the nasal consonant n or m. Certain sounds have a slightly different pronunciation depending on neighbouring sounds. For example, it often makes a difference whether the following sound is an obstruent (t k s h ?) or a...

  6. Overview of Oneida-English Entries
    (pp. 8-12)

    The entries in the Oneida-English dictionary fall into four categories:

    entries for bases

    entries for affixes and clitics

    entries for particles

    entries for cross-referencing purposes

    An example of each of these is given below, with a description of the information found in each one.

    The most frequent type of base is a verb or noun base. A small number of bases fall into neither of these categories; they will be discussed in the Guide to Oneida-English Entries.

    An example of an entry for a verb base is:

    -atketskw- v.a. get up.katkétskwasI keep getting up,latkétskwashe gets up....

  7. Guide to Oneida-English Entries
    (pp. 13-55)

    In the following sections we define what we mean bybaseand describe how the information in entries for bases is organized.

    The structure of words in Oneida and other Iroquoian languages is notoriously complex. Notions which are expressed in other languages by independent words are often expressed in Iroquoian languages as part of a single word. Linguists who have studied these languages, beginning with Floyd Lounsbury inOneida Verb Morphology(1953), have found it useful to use the termsroot, base, andstemto identify certain units within words.

    Perhaps the easiest way to review these terms is with...

  8. List of Abbreviations
    (pp. 56-56)
    (pp. 57-878)
  10. Guide to English-Oneida Entries
    (pp. 879-882)

    The English-Oneida dictionary consists of entries that are alphabetized by English glosses. It has entries for all of the verb and noun bases given in the Oneida-English dictionary, as well as entries for most of the particles. The entries include as subentries all of the forms that are given as subentries in the Oneida-English dictionary, but without any technical information, such as the aspect class, or the identity of prepronominal prefixes and incorporated nouns.

    The glosses that occur at the head of entries are generally the same glosses that appear in the Oneida-English entries after the category designation. In some...

    (pp. 883-1276)
    (pp. 1277-1398)