The Manuscript Tradition of Propertius

The Manuscript Tradition of Propertius

JAMES L. BUTRICA
Series: Heritage
Copyright Date: 1984
Pages: 364
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt15jjczr
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  • Book Info
    The Manuscript Tradition of Propertius
    Book Description:

    The elegist Sextus Propertius (ca 50-ca 16 BC) is generally reckoned among the most difficult of Latin authors. This study, the fullest survey of the manuscripts so far, considers the affiliation of more than 140 complete or partial witnesses and offers a thorough reassessment of the tradition.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-3277-6
    Subjects: Language & Literature, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. PREFACE
    (pp. vii-x)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. xi-xii)
  4. FREQUENTLY USED SIGLA
    (pp. xiii-xviii)
  5. PART ONE: THE TRADITION

    • INTRODUCTION The History and Present State of the Question
      (pp. 3-18)

      'Scientific' recension of ancient texts begins in the nineteenth century with a method that werecentiores, having lost sight of the contributions of his predecessors and contemporaries, have enshrined under the name of Lachmann; he it was, at any rate, who gathered the elements into a whole and proved the practicability of this kind of recension.¹ The earliest editions of Propertius were printed from manuscripts or from other editions; the vulgate text thus established prevailed, with few exceptions, from the de Spira edition of 1472 until the middle of the nineteenth century (for this see chapter 9). Scaliger complained in...

    • 1 Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
      (pp. 19-36)

      The famous passage in which Quintilian offers his encapsulated evaluations of four Roman elegists assures us that Propertius continued to be read and admired by persons of learning and taste through the first and second centuries; Pliny the Younger provides similar evidence for those of lower attainment.¹ The presence of Book 1 along with works by Virgil and Livy in Martial's versified gift catalogue² suggests that at least a portion of his work had won the status of a popular classic. Imitations by Claudian, Sidonius, Boethius, and others demonstrate continued interest over the centuries among men of letters.³

      Direct citations...

    • 2 The A Tradition
      (pp. 37-61)

      The first branch of the tradition to be discussed in detail is the most corrupt of the medieval branches but the most influential in the very early Italian tradition. It begins with the Leiden fragment A (University Library Voss lat 0.38), of the mid-thirteenth century. Only the first two gatherings survive, containing 1.1.1-2.1.63, and the remainder must be reconstructed from fourteenth- and fifteenth-century descendants. Difficulties are compounded by the fact that all the descendants of A (except the florilegium Paris BN lat 16708) derive not from A itself but from a lost copy made for and perhaps by Petrarch, who...

    • 3 N and the Vetustus codex of Berardino Valla
      (pp. 62-95)

      N (Wolfenbüttel Gud lat 224), written about the beginning of the twelfth century, is deservedly respected as the oldest and least corrupted extant manuscript of Propertius but does not merit the adulation it sometimes receives. Although it has been studied more closely than any other, many details remain mysterious. The thoroughgoing account given by Birt in the Leiden photographic facsimile requires few modifications; these have been incorporated into the extended description included in Part Two. Nevertheless certain observations need to be made here. As was stated in chapter 1, the place of copying remains uncertain; the presence of the name...

    • 4 The Earlier Humanistic Tradition
      (pp. 96-118)

      The A tradition was available to Italian scholars from the middle of the fourteenth century; before 1400, however, perhaps only Petrarch and Salutati consulted it. By the end of the second quarter of the fifteenth century six representatives can be traced: Petrarch's, F, San Marco 690, L, P, and the common exemplar of the last two. Petrarch's copy probably remained in Padua; L was perhaps already in Milan or Pavia; Florence had at least three of the other four (only about the location of the exemplar of LP is there any doubt). Circulation remained geographically restricted until Poggio made available...

    • 5 g, Z, and the Delta Manuscripts
      (pp. 119-131)

      The second half of the century saw a marked increase in the copying of Propertius: from 1400 to 1450 three dated manuscripts survive, from 1451-1500 thirty-two. All of this copying facilitated contamination, and it becomes ever more difficult to trace the descent of manuscripts in detail; often even a relative chronology cannot be established. Several groups of manuscripts arise in northern Italy from the source of GSC (discussed in chapter 4, section 2); these will be considered here and in chapter 6. Perhaps the earliest such group is that first attested in Venice BN Marciana Fondo antico 443 (Z) and...

    • 6 Additional M Manuscripts
      (pp. 132-142)

      1 From the source of gZ derive four groups of largely northern Italian manuscripts in the 1450s and 1460s. Perhaps the earliest of these is what will be called here the epsilon group (two of its members belong to Mynors' class epsilon of Catullus manuscripts). Its members are Brescia Bibl Civ Queriniana A.VII.7 (perhaps Ferrarese, written about 1455-60), London Brit Libr Harley 2574 (a Neapolitan or Roman copy of the third quarter of the century, according to Dr de la Mare), and Leiden Voss lat 0.13 (origin unknown, contemporary with the others; it contains a text of Catullus that appears...

    • 7 A Humanistic Vulgate
      (pp. 143-148)

      The largest class ofrecentiorescomprises those which combine readings of F and M or g with or without additional influences. Such a combination of the two strains could have arisen independently on numerous occasions, since manuscripts were plentiful in the second half of the century; one cannot, however, exclude absolutely the possibility that all such copies are variously corrected and interpolated descendants of a single codex.

      Pal lat 1652 has already been mentioned in chapter 4 for its affiliation with the Tomacellianus; its text in Books 1-3 is related to a group whose members include Venice Bibl del Museo...

    • 8 Scholarsʹ Copies
      (pp. 149-158)

      A number of manuscripts either resist stricter classification or merit separate mention because of their contribution to the emendation of the text; sometimes the scholars whose corrections they incorporate can be identified.

      Pacificus Maximus Irenaeus of Ascoli composed an enormous quantity of prose and verse during a long and busy life. A number of manuscripts copied by him passed to the library of San Salvatore in Bologna in time to appear in the inventory made about 1533 by Fabio Vigili; at least five are now in the University Library of Bologna, while two others were abstracted from San Salvatore, one...

    • 9 The Incunabula and Their Descendants
      (pp. 159-169)

      Theeditio princepsof Propertius appeared in Venice in 1472, but it is impossible to state with absolute certainty which of the two editions printed in that city in that year is the first. The balance of probability, however, favours the one dated February 1472 in the colophon and printed anonymously (Hain Suppl 4888;BMCVIII 1134, where it is attributed to the printer Federicus de Comitibus); it contains only Propertius. Its affiliation with Z and the delta manuscripts has already been noted (chapter 5). Its most distinctive feature is a series of omissions and displacements: 1.17.22 and 23 reversed,...

    • CONCLUSION: Sample Texts
      (pp. 170-202)

      I hope that this study has succeeded, at least to some extent, in illuminating the Propertian tradition. It cannot, of course, answer the final question, to what extent the text of the archetype should be accepted as the poet'sipsissima uerba, but it has perhaps suggested an answer by showing that scholars now accept as genuine some errors and interpolations of one part of the tradition. The more concrete results include greater accuracy in the attribution of early conjectures, a more rationalapparatus criticus, and, most important, increased certainty in reconstructing the archetype. These results will be illustrated with sample...

  6. PART TWO The Manuscripts
    (pp. 205-334)

    Italy (northeast?), s xv-xvi: single highly slanted humanistic hand. Parchment: 202x123.5 (130x80) mm: i+191 leaves (misnumbered 190 because of a skip from f 37 to 39): ruled in ink both sides of the page: 23-6 lines: pentameters indented. 1-310, 148, 15-1910, 206(-4, 5, 6): horizontal catchwords. Rubricated titles (sometimes alternating red and black): no initials executed. Modern binding of plain parchment. 2nd f inc: Parua satis mensa

    Contents1-44 Tibullus, followed byVitaand epitaph; 44-9 ps-OvidHer15; 49r-v 'Marasii siculi ad Angelinam amicam epistola' inc: Angelina meos numquam miserata dolores (from theAngelinetimof Giovanni Marrasio); 49v...

  7. APPENDIXES

    • APPENDEX 1 A Renaissance Derivation of Monobyblos
      (pp. 335-339)
    • APPENDIX 2 Manuscripts Used by Scholars of the Nineteenth Century and Earlier
      (pp. 340-341)
    • APPENDIX 3 Dated and Datable Manuscripts
      (pp. 342-343)
  8. BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. 344-350)
  9. INDEXES
    (pp. 351-364)
  10. Back Matter
    (pp. 365-365)