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Timothy Warren Anglin

Timothy Warren Anglin: 1822-96

Series: Heritage
Copyright Date: 1977
Pages: 336
  • Book Info
    Timothy Warren Anglin
    Book Description:

    This study of the public career of Timothy Warren Anglin sheds light on the political and social history of British North America in the second half of the nineteenth century and on the emergence and growth of the Canadian nation.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-5649-9
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. MAP
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. Note on Sources
    (pp. xiii-2)
  6. 1 Prologue
    (pp. 3-8)

    Timothy Warren Anglin was an Irish Catholic politician in Canada during the second half of the nineteenth century. Born and raised in a small town along the southeastern coast of Ireland, he emigrated to Saint John, New Brunswick, in 1849. Shortly after his arrival he established a newspaper, the Saint JohnFreeman, which was, for a third of a century, the mouthpiece of Anglin and the Irish Catholic community of New Brunswick. In 1861 Anglin was elected by the city and county of Saint John to the New Brunswick Assembly. He became an opponent of the Confederation proposals and took...

  7. 2 Ireland and New Ireland
    (pp. 9-16)

    Timothy Warren Anglin was born in the little Irish coastal town of Clonakilty, county Cork, on 31 August 1822, into a middle-class Roman Catholic family. On Easter Monday 1849 he left Clonakilty to embark on a ship bound for Saint John, New Brunswick.¹ Of the first twenty-five years of Anglin’s life little is known. Because of his father’s wealth (the family owned a large home and property possessing eighty-six cottages),² Timothy received a good classical education. He was, apparently, preparing for a legal career when the Great Famine hit Ireland in 1845 and forced him to turn to schoolteaching in...

  8. 3 The Founding Decade: The 1850s
    (pp. 17-39)

    The greatest challenges facing Anglin upon coming to New Brunswick were to acclimatize himself to his new environment and to earn himself a position of prominence in these surroundings. His status was obviously related to the condition of the Irish community as a whole, and it is clear that the Irish in Saint John remained an isolated portion of the population throughout the 1850s. The decade witnessed the emergence of Anglin as the recognized spokesman for Irish Catholics, with theFreemanas his mouthpiece. Finally, the 1850s was the time of Anglin’s apprenticeship for public life as he familiarized himself...

  9. [Illustrations]
    (pp. None)
  10. 4 Political Principles and Policies, 1860-4
    (pp. 40-56)

    Anglin’s first venture into active politics came in 1860 when he ran for an aldermanic seat on the Saint John Common Council in King’s ward. The way theFreemantold it, its editor had been approached by a number of the residents and pressed to run. He had tried to dissuade them, and only after they had appealed to his sense of duty did he give his reluctant assent. He warned them that the Smashers and their hangers-on would do all in their power to defeat him and that a religious cry would be raised. This was exactly what occurred,...

  11. 5 Anti-Confederation: From Theory to Practice, 1863-5
    (pp. 57-79)

    The Canadian initiative stemmed from the colony’s constitutional difficulties. As early as 4 June 1864 theFreemaninformed its readers of some interesting news:

    The Canadian Premier has stated that his Government have applied to the Governments of the Lower Provinces to confer with the Canadian Government on the subject of a Union of the Provinces, the object of the Canadian Government being to put an end to the present state of affairs in Canada, which is almost a deadlock, neither party having strength to govern the country, and anarchy and confusion, financial difficulties and troubles of all kinds being...

  12. 6 Executive Councillor, 1865
    (pp. 80-95)

    At the beginning of April 1865 Anglin’s attention was diverted from politics by the birth of his first child, Francis Alexander.* Anglin, at forty-two, was taking on the responsibilities of parenthood at an age when many men had had their last child and some men were becoming grandfathers. His young family was to cause Anglin no little anxiety in later years, but in April 1865 pride must have been Anglin’s major emotion. Clearly, his stake in his adopted home was growing ever greater.

    The birth of Frank prevented Anglin from going to Fredericton to be sworn in as an Executive...

  13. 7 Anti-Confederation: Defeat, 1865-7
    (pp. 96-118)

    Anglin had long been viewed by opposition newspapers as a powerful force in the anti-Confederate government. His resignation did not greatly change their opinion; Anglin’s influence was now merely more insidious, for he continued ‘to pull the political wires for the Government.’¹ To Anglin opposition journalists gave the nickname ‘the Dictator.’ As an example of his power they pointed to the appointment of William J. Ritchie as Chief Justice after the death of Robert Parker in November 1865. Filling the position had not been an easy task. Apparently A.J. Smith was for a time prepared to take the office himself,...

  14. 8 Adjusting to the New Era, 1867-72
    (pp. 119-144)

    For Anglin, as for the new Dominion of Canada, the years from 1867 to 1872 were a tremendously important formative period. As D’Arcy McGee told the Montreal Literary Club in November 1867: ‘It is usual to say of ourselves, Gentlemen, that we are entering on a new era. It may be so, or it may be only the mirage of an era painted on an exhalation of self-opinion.’¹ The early years of Confederation required a good deal of readjustment by many people, none more so than Anglin. Not only did the new régime demand from all Maritimers comparatively more of...

  15. 9 ‘Godless’ Schools and Party Politics, 1872-4
    (pp. 145-167)

    The issue which disturbed the serenity of Anglin’s life in the early 1870s was the New Brunswick schools question.¹ In this period the education problem was the one major arena in which the Catholic Church in the western world fought the forces of secularism, Protestantism, and all the other ‘isms’ which it felt were arrayed against it. The famousSyllabus of Errorsof 1864 had condemned education which ignored the Catholic faith and the authority of the church, and which regarded as its sole, or at least its primary aim, a knowledge of nature and the ends of secular society.²...

  16. [Illustrations]
    (pp. None)
  17. 10 First Commoner, 1874-8
    (pp. 168-190)

    From 1874 to 1878 Ottawa was a second home for the Anglin family. In those days the Speaker had housekeeping quarters in the parliament buildings. One result of this arrangement was that Mary Margaret, the Anglins’ seventh child, became, on 3 April 1876, the only person ever born in the parliament buildings of Canada. Mrs Anglin, like her husband, was energetic and talented. Her family duties did not prevent her from becoming an accomplished amateur actress and singer, according to the testimony of Lady Dufferin herself.¹ Indeed, the head of the household was having to share the limelight not only...

  18. 11 Perspectives, 1874-8
    (pp. 191-209)

    Certain issues which arose between 1874 and 1878 were not particularly relevant to Anglin as Speaker but were very important to Anglin in other aspects of his life – as a Canadian, as an Irishman, as a Catholic, as a politician, and, of course, as a man whose children would be heirs to the world he and his generation left behind. His views on these issues, though generally in line with opinions expressed earlier in his life, were also shaped by increasing age and high position. In other words, Anglin’s basic conservatism was very apparent between 1874 and 1878.


  19. 12 End of an Era, 1878-83
    (pp. 210-234)

    Anglin won Gloucester by acclamation in the Dominion election of 1878, his by-election victory in 1877 probably saving him from meeting opposition at this time. Since he had little to do in Gloucester, Anglin’s main role during the election was as a newspaper editor. So important a cog in the government machine was theFreemanthat Isaac Burpee, the Minister of Customs, spent $500 in circulating upwards of 25,000 copies of it during the two weeks preceding the election.¹ Day in and day out theFreemanprovided the best support for the government that could be found in the province....

  20. 13 Wordly Travail and the Ultimate Escape, 1883-96
    (pp. 235-258)

    Anglin’s reasons for moving to Toronto were several. In the first place, to move from Saint John to Toronto in 1883 was to leave stultifying stagnation for exhilarating expansion.¹ Anglin found it congenial to come to ‘a growing thriving place where… the people generally are full of confidence in the future and there is little of that despondency which one meets everywhere in St. John.’² There was a more particular reason, however, for Anglin’s move. His importation into Ontario seems to have been part of a grand Liberal strategy, developed by Edward Blake, to woo the Ontario Irish Catholic voters...

  21. Notes
    (pp. 259-324)
  22. Appendix
    (pp. 325-328)
  23. Index
    (pp. 329-336)