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The Phonological Interpretation of Ancient Greek

The Phonological Interpretation of Ancient Greek: A Pandialectal Analysis

Copyright Date: 1983
Pages: 242
  • Book Info
    The Phonological Interpretation of Ancient Greek
    Book Description:

    This volume treats systematically the variation found in the successive stages of the development of all ancient Greek dialects. It combines synchronic approach, in which generative rules expound phonological divergencies between the systems of different dialects, with a diachronic statement of unproductive and mostly pan-Hellenic shifts.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-3264-6
    Subjects: Language & Literature, History, Linguistics

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
    (pp. vii-viii)
    Vít Bubeník
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. ix-xii)
    (pp. xiii-1)
  5. [Map]
    (pp. 2-2)
  6. 1 Introduction
    (pp. 3-31)

    The aim of the present monograph is a systematic presentation of the most likely historical processes that are responsible for the variation found in successive stages of the development of the major dialectal groups of Ancient Greek. I will be interested in accounting for the changes that have affected the sound structure of Ancient Greek dialects over the period of approximately one thousand years in all areas where Greek was spoken. Generally speaking I will attempt to explain the variation in Ancient Greek as

    a) a function of thetimedimension

    Mycenaean (1400-1100)

    post-Mycenaean (1100-700)

    Classical (700-350)

    Hellenistic (350-150)


  7. 2 Vowels
    (pp. 32-76)
  8. 3 Consonants
    (pp. 77-132)
  9. 4 The Accentual System
    (pp. 133-187)

    The Attic accent was in a sense ‘free’, in other words, its position was not phonologically predictable. However, inside of various inflectional paradigms phonological constraints apply which limit the number of positions in which the accent could occur. The most important of these is arule of reoessionwhich limits the distance from the end of the word. This rule is common to all Greek dialects - Ionic, Aeolic and West (Doric) dialects.

    As is generally known, the accentuation rules and graphic notations for different types of the accent were elaborated by Aristophanes of Byzantium (about 200 B.C.), in order...

  10. 5 Interplay between Sound Change and Analogy
    (pp. 188-221)

    In my discussion of personal endings I will be frequently referring to PIE, Vedic and Avestan forms, which I list below:

    Kiparsky (1967b:112) proposed a metathesis rule describing an early sound change which took place in the prehistory of Greek. This rule inverts word-final-iwith preceding dental consonants, which were probably palatalized in this position. By this rule PIE 2nd Sg *legesibecomes Greek λέγει and 3rd Sg *legesibecomes *legesiwhich then turns into λέγει by the Greek loss of word-final obstruent stops. In the same way the corresponding PIE subjunctives (reconstructed by BrugmannGrundriss II. 3538)legesi...

    (pp. 222-226)
    (pp. 227-228)
    (pp. 229-241)
  14. Back Matter
    (pp. 242-242)