Social Work in the Hospital Organization

Social Work in the Hospital Organization

MARGARET GAUGHAN BROCK
Series: Heritage
Copyright Date: 1969
Pages: 118
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt15jvxkt
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  • Book Info
    Social Work in the Hospital Organization
    Book Description:

    This book was written to fill a need for a basic text about medical social work. The material has specific reference to social work in the hospital organization, but much of it is applicable to social work within the broader context of health care.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-3246-2
    Subjects: Health Sciences, Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    (pp. vii-2)
  4. CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
    (pp. 3-5)

    This book was written for those interested in having a basic text about medical social work. The material has specific reference to social work in the hospital organization, but much of it is applicable to social work within the broader context of health care. It is a crystallization of my experience of twenty-five years as a medical social worker, not only in practice but also as a supervisor and teacher; it undoubtedly also reflects many concepts that I have over the years encountered in the work of others and no longer recognize as being the result of reading an uncountable...

  5. CHAPTER II PROLOGUES HAVE BEEN WRITTEN
    (pp. 6-24)

    From the beginning of recorded time, we are aware that human beings have cared for other human beings in some fashion, recognizing the need for help of those in physical or social distress. Historically, the motives for giving care and the kind and quality of care have ranged over a wide spectrum. Assistance may have been inspired even by the desire for self-preservation; at the other end of the scale it might be given because of a love of human beings motivated by a love of God. Often fear has been the influence that forced men to make provision for...

  6. CHAPTER III A FRAME FOR MEDICAL SOCIAL WORK
    (pp. 25-31)

    An understanding of the role of medical social work has to be based on a comprehension of the nature and aims of social work itself since medical social work is social work practised in a health setting whether it be a general or specialized hospital, health department or a community clinic. The phrase social work in health settings is too cumbersome for daily use, so it is usually called medical social work. At the present time there is a trend, particularly in the United States, to use the descriptive phrase “clinical social work.” Also, social work itself may be a...

  7. CHAPTER IV ATTITUDES
    (pp. 32-37)

    In chapters II and III an effort was made by consideration of historical trends to provide a wide screen on which social work in the hospital organization was depicted as in a three-dimensional picture. We now turn to yet another presentation of context, and to the attitudes which may be associated with the hospital itself. We shall then move on to a discussion of the present role and function of social work in the hospital.

    The word hospital may have different meanings. Its Latin derivation is from a combination of “hospes,” both host and guest, and “hospitium,” a place where...

  8. CHAPTER V ROLE AND FUNCTION
    (pp. 38-49)

    The words role and function are often confused and are even sometimes used interchangeably; an industrious student in a graduate course once told a professor that in one year he had counted 54 different meanings for the word role. A definition of these terms within the particular frame of reference of this book seems essential for clarity. As used here, role is meant to indicate part or place. Function is used to refer to the kind of action or activity proper to a person or institution which is necessary to fulfil its role; hence it refers to job activity. (These...

  9. CHAPTER VI ESTABLISHING AND STAFFING A DEPARTMENT
    (pp. 50-65)

    In Canada, in 1966, there are 1337 general hospitals, of which 192 have social service departments. In the same year in the United States, with 5323 general hospitals, there are 869 social service departments. Private hospitals, hospitals for special diseases, or those operating under government legislation, such as those administered by the Department of Veterans¹ Affairs, are not included in these figures. In either country,² however, because social work is often interpreted flexibly, it is not known how many of these departments meet professional standards. In 1965, at the request of the Canadian Council on Hospital Accreditation, the Canadian Association...

  10. CHAPTER VII ADMINISTRATION OF THE DEPARTMENT
    (pp. 66-86)

    The proper establishment of a Social Service Department complete with staff is only the first step and does not of itself make a department viable and productive. It becomes so when the skills and techniques of administration are applied in a way that enables the social work job to be done well and ensures the department its place in the over-all organizational structure of the hospital. The responsibility for the smooth functioning is the director’s who will be responsible directly to the Board through the hospital administration. The person at administrative level to whom the director reports may be the...

  11. CHAPTER VIII SOCIAL PROBLEMS DON’T GO AWAY
    (pp. 87-99)

    Social problems don’t go away by themselves, at least, most of them don’t. But when social work treatment can be given to the individual (patient) who has them, many can be resolved or their severity lessened. The frequent complementarity of illness and social problems has been well studied and well documented; every library has a great deal of reference material on the subject. And there is no longer any real dispute as to whether or not family and relatives suffer disruption in the social aspects of life when one of their members becomes sick and is hospitalized. The crisis produced...

  12. CHAPTER IX THE FUNCTIONS ARE MANY
    (pp. 100-110)

    In the preceding chapter examples were provided to illustrate the social worker’s function in direct social work treatment. This is her major task and absorbs most of her working time. Other aspects of the department’s activity -- such as administration, supervision, staffing and programming must be performed efficiently within a solid structural framework. This same framework is needed to support the workers as they perform other functions which are also basic to effective social work treatment and factors which assist in providing total and comprehensive care for the patient.

    The social worker can be a strong liaison between the patient,...

  13. CHAPTER X SOCIAL WORK: THE THIRD DIMENSION
    (pp. 111-116)

    The hospital (any hospital) is a fascinating world in itself, with a complicated structure carefully arranged around a designated purpose, a hierarchy of staff, a budget, established policies and procedures; all have been conditioned, of course, by time and custom. The hospital is also an instrument of the society in which it exists and as such is committed to provide the best possible care and treatment for the sick of that society. It is a provocative and sobering thought that patients and their families still expect the same services of care and comforting, of treatment and healing that they did...

  14. ADDITIONAL BACKGROUND REFERENCES
    (pp. 117-117)