Cdn Annual Review 1962

Cdn Annual Review 1962

Edited by JOHN T. SAYWELL
Copyright Date: 1963
Pages: 500
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt2ttgc7
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  • Book Info
    Cdn Annual Review 1962
    Book Description:

    Convenient, authoritative, exceptionally readable and useful, its contents provide a dependable shortcut to the current history of Canada for a period hat cannot be dealt with fully by other references for many years.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7176-8
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-x)
  3. Contributors
    (pp. xi-xii)
  4. Canadian Calendar
    (pp. xiii-2)
  5. Parliament and Politics
    (pp. 3-74)
    JOHN SAYWELL

    Nineteen sixty-two was a troubled year in Canada. It ended as it began with the nation sunk deep in profound melancholy. The immensity of the problems it faced, the critical decisions it must make, and the possible tragedy that awaited if it failed were painfully clear to all who could see. But there was no agreement on either ends or means. There was no overwhelming positive national mood to give direction to the nation’s political leaders. And thus the grand inquest of June 18 neither revealed the direction in which the nation would move nor helped to determine the solution...

  6. External Affairs and Defence
    (pp. 75-149)
    ROBERT SPENCER

    The year opened in an atmosphere of “uncertain thaw,” with the passing of the acute autumn crisis over Berlin. There were no indications that the Soviet Union had been deflected from its objectives, no certainty that the pressure would not soon build up again. But, impelled perhaps by the sharp differences clearly revealed at the twenty-second Congress of the Communist Party, the Soviet Union seemed to desire some measure of relaxation in preparation for negotiations over Berlin. The decision of the nato Council, meeting in Paris December 13–15, to continue probing the U.S.S.R.’s intentions, had been strongly endorsed by...

  7. The Economy
    (pp. 150-216)
    DONALD FORSTER

    After several years of disappointingly slow growth and the most recent recession which reached its low point in the early months of 1961, the pace of economic activity in Canada during 1962 improved considerably. Employment, production, investment, and income rose to levels well above those in 1961, while prices advanced remarkably little in the face of pressure from rising aggregate demand, a further fall in the external value of the dollar, and the imposition of import surcharges. However, many thought that unemployment, although substantially reduced, remained too high, and much was heard during the year about problems of regional development...

  8. Business and Industry
    (pp. 217-239)
    JOHN D. HARBRON

    The unsettled federal political situation during the year, which intensified after the June 18 federal election, not only dominated Canadian public life, but obscured the substantial health and buoyancy displayed by most sectors of Canada’s business and industry during 1962. The slow but obvious recovery from the recession of 1957–9, noted in the 1960 and 1961 editions ofThe Canadian Annual Review, accelerated to such a degree during 1962 that many companies were able to report their best year to date. Business recovered admirably from the mid-summer austerity measures and even from the uncertainty about the future which was...

  9. Labour
    (pp. 240-251)
    ARTHUR KRUGER

    Last year John Harbron stated that “during 1961 the labour movement went on the defensive.” This statement also describes the condition of organized labour in 1962. Many of the problems with which unions wrestled in 1961 remained, but some developments during 1962 gave evidence of a new vitality in the trade union movement and in labour-management relations.

    The year began with a number of items of “unfinished business” carried over from 1961. Negotiations were in progress in several important industries. The strike at the Royal York Hotel was still unsettled. Court cases were pending and government investigations of concern to...

  10. Agriculture
    (pp. 252-259)
    D. W. CARR

    Over-all, 1962 was a favourable year for agriculture. Not only were farm incomes improved but a more optimistic general outlook developed. Perhaps as a result of this new optimism, adaptation and change were dominant features of the 1962 farming industry. They were especially notable in economic and social adjustments. They were evident in a wider recognition that farming in Canada was in process of change and that future farm policy would be more complex and difficult.

    The major economic features of agriculture in 1962 related to farmers’ adaptation to the aftermath of the 1961 prairie drouth, to the expanding market...

  11. Education: English Canada
    (pp. 260-269)
    STEWART REID

    During the year 1962 a whole host of agencies and organizations continued to clamour for more public attention to the problems which continue to bedevil schools and school boards, provincial education departments, and other public and private educational operations. As in past years, however, very few significant or far-reaching decisions have been made. Only in Quebec, in fact, were there signs of radical change in educational policy and practice.

    In British Columbia the general reorganization of the public school programme which was called for by the 1960 Royal Commission on Education was completed in September of 1962 when the old...

  12. L’Education au Québec
    (pp. 270-280)
    ABEL GAUTHIER

    La commission parent a tenu la vedette dans la province de Québec durant toute l’année; on peut espérer que son rapport constituera la base d’une réorientation du système d’enseignement non pas parce que ce système est dépourvu d’excellents éléments, mais plutôt parce qu’il renferme des contradictions internes qu’il importe d’éliminer.

    Rappelons d’abord les circonstances qui ont conduit à la création de cette Commission royale d’enquête sur l’enseignement, à l’été 1961. Québec était menacé, comme d’autres provinces d’ailleurs, d’une épidémie d’universités. Coup sur coup, les Révérends Pères Jésuites de Montréal, des groupes de Trois-Rivières, de Chicoutimi, de Rimouski faisaient pression pour...

  13. Public Law: Great Expectations Unfulfilled
    (pp. 281-288)
    EDWARD McWHINNEY

    Once again in 1962, some of the public law issues talked about for many years were still being debated at great length and with great fervour, but rather inconclusively. Thus, on the issue of Senate reform, the Diefenbaker government had, in the last Parliament, formally introduced measures providing for an age limit of seventy-five years for Senators, together with provision for pensions for Senators retiring on reaching this ceiling limit. Both measures lapsed with the dissolution of Parliament for the general elections held in June. These measures were formally reintroduced at the opening of the new Parliament in the fall....

  14. La législation et le droit au Québec
    (pp. 289-297)
    JEAN-CHARLES BONENFANT

    Les événements et les déclarations qu’on trouvera dans ce chapitre sont liés à l’activité législative et constitutionnelle du Québec. John Saywell étudie dans des pages précédentes les événements politiques proprement dits.

    La troisième et dernière session de la vingt-sixième législature du Québec débuta le 9 janvier 1962 pour s’ajourner, le 6 juillet suivant, au 6 novembre 1962, mais à cette date la reprise de la session n’eut pas lieu, l’assemblée législative ayant été dissoute le 19 septembre pour les élections du 14 novembre. M. Richard Hyde, député de Westmount-Saint-Georges, fut élu orateur de la Chambre pour remplacer M. Lucien Cliche...

  15. Religion
    (pp. 298-311)
    KENNETH WINDSOR

    Protestants and roman catholics are nearly equal in number in Canada. According to a report issued by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics in July, there were 8,342,826 Roman Catholics in Canada the previous June, an increase of 37.5 per cent over the past ten years. The seven largest Protestant (including Anglican) denominations numbered 8,444,260, an increase of 22.5 per cent. All denominations showed a numerical increase with the exception of the Ukrainian (Eastern Rite) Catholic group which edged down by 1,398. Although the Anglican Church of Canada grew at the rate of 16.9 per cent to 2,409,068, it registered the...

  16. Health
    (pp. 312-320)
    F. B. ROTH

    In 1962 three major events overshadowed many significant occurrences in an area where technical, economic and social change continued at an unprecedented rate. Public attention was focused on the Royal Commission on Health Services, the Saskatchewan Medical Care Insurance debate, and the unexpected and tragic results of thalidomide. The attention of political and professional personnel was, through these and other events, directed forcibly toward the growing complexity of the provision of health services. Interest in the interaction of efforts required to maintain health, prevent and treat disease and injury, and rehabilitate the handicapped increased to an extent not seen heretofore...

  17. Welfare
    (pp. 321-329)
    JOHN S. MORGAN

    The result of the many developments in welfare since World War II has been, broadly, twofold. First, the great weight of the cost of income-maintenance benefits was transferred to the federal government. The proportionate distribution of health and social welfare expenditures is now approximately 70 per cent federal, 27 per cent provincial, and 3 per cent municipal. Second, there has grown up a thicket of regulations and a complex network of administrative arrangements designed to maintain the interests of all three levels of government in the operation of income-maintenance programmes which defy accurate description and of which even most administrators...

  18. Science
    (pp. 330-342)
    W. J. MACKEY

    During 1962 science in Canada continued to expand—in industry, in the universities, and in government—at a greater rate than the economy in general. Nevertheless individuals indicated doubt that this rate of expansion was sufficient to improve or even to maintain Canada’s position in a technological world.

    In the April 10 budget the government announced a corporate tax deduction of 150 per cent for new expenditures on research. It was the kind of measure federal governments had been considering for years. Industry welcomed the tax incentive as at least a step in the right direction; it was even regarded...

  19. Journalism
    (pp. 343-353)
    WILFRED KESTERTON

    There was good reason for Canadian journalism to be unusually touchy during 1962. Throughout the year it received abnormally intense scrutiny and criticism. Walter O’Hearn was not being premature when he wrote in the MontrealStarof February 21, “This year ... is for Canada the year of the press.” He said so, knowing that the public had been “subjected to at least five withering analyses” of newspapers since January 1.

    Special circumstances increased interest in journalism and surrounded it with anger. A January cbc “Inquiry” programme which asked “Can you trust what you read in your daily newspaper?” set...

  20. Littérature canadienne-française
    (pp. 354-360)
    GUY SYLVESTRE

    À tout prendre, l’année 1962 ne fut pas une mauvaise année pour la littérature canadienne-française. Dans certains genres littéraires la production fut médiocre, mais la récolte de l’année comprend un bon volume d’essais critiques par Gilles Marcotte, deux pièces de Jacques Languirand, au moins deux bons recueils de poésies, ceux de Gilles Hénault et de Gatien Lapointe et quelques bons romans, notamment ceux de Jacques Godbout, Claire Martin, Pierre Gélinas et Gilbert Choquette. Aucune œuvre de première grandeur sans doute, mais plusieurs livres qui méritent de retenir notre attention.

    En 1962, deux événements auront contribué à attirer l’attention de l’étranger...

  21. Writing in English
    (pp. 361-377)
    ELEANOR and RAMSAY COOK

    English-Canadian writers—poets, novelists, and scholars—frequently mirror the society that surrounds them. Some also stand in judgment of it, criticizing and praising its past, analysing its present, sometimes even setting programmes for its future. For the most part, the image they reflect and the ideals they establish are implicit in their writings. Occasionally, however, our writers give explicit expression to opinions about the Canadian scene. Whether the national psyche was more disturbed in 1962 than in other years is impossible at this stage to discern, but certainly the year produced a notable outpouring on the English-Canadian tradition. William Toye,...

  22. Drama: English Canada
    (pp. 378-390)
    DAVID GARDNER

    Drama and the theatre have existed in Canada for over three centuries, and the time has arrived when we should stop wondering if they will ever emerge, and look instead at the nature of the beast. In 1962 we held three significant festivals of the arts in Stratford, Montreal, and Vancouver, not to mention Dawson City, and talked of a 1964 festival in Toronto. We have the cbc, which produces a wealth of radio and television drama. We have three ballet and three opera companies, and at least fifteen French-language and approximately fifteen English-speaking theatre companies. We have one co-lingual...

  23. Le théâtre de langue française
    (pp. 391-399)
    GUY BEAULNE

    Il n’est pas facile de dégager d’une activité aussi complexe que le théâtre les éléments de force qui influeront sur son évolution et qui méritent d’être signalés dans une analyse de fin d’année. Il n’est pas facile et il est souvent injuste de tenter de le faire car la somme d’efforts engagés dans chaque production théâtrale, la somme de risques, est toujours tellement considérable que l’observateur est à la fois subjugué par le courage des animateurs et par l’acte de foi magnifique de tous ceux qui s’associent à l’aventure. La poudre aux yeux cache les déceptions amères et on ne...

  24. Music
    (pp. 400-414)
    JOHN BECKWITH and R. MURRAY SCHAFER

    A major international music event in 1962—Igor Stravinsky’s arrival at the age of eighty—had more significance in Canada than in most countries. This valued experience apart, Canadian music ran busily and productively, even though its destination seemed at times to be the proverbial “off in all directions.”

    The year saw the first fruits of a Canada Council plan whereby noted Canadian performing artists are enabled to commission new works for their repertoires from Canadian composers. The soprano Lois Marshall had Godfrey Ridout writeThe Ascensionfor soprano and orchestra. The Vancouver organist Hugh McLean commissioned aFantasia for...

  25. Art
    (pp. 415-420)
    ELIZABETH KILBOURN

    Nineteen sixty-two found the Canadian art community adjusting itself with various degrees of success to becoming a member of the international art world. The most spectacular event in this process was, of course, the Chrysler affair, which for a time put Canada on the front page of American newspapers. Walter P. Chrysler, Jr., an American collector, arranged with Dr. Charles Comfort, director of the National Gallery of Canada to bring an exhibition of works from his collection to Ottawa in the autumn. Entitled ironically “The Controversial Century 1850–1950,” the exhibition was accompanied by an expensive and pretentious catalogue prepared...

  26. Film
    (pp. 421-423)
    DEAN WALKER

    “We must be the oldest fledgling in the world,” sighed John Ross, president of the film producers’ association, at the end of 1962. It had been yet another year in which Canadian movie-makers had searched for something to push their 66-year-old adolescent industry into maturity. Some new vitaminshadbeen found but it remained to be seen how effective they would be. This is a tough country for private-enterprise film-makers. Pinewood and Hollywood apparently can easily meet all our entertainment film needs and Canadian government agencies pump out their own filmed information. This leaves private producers to make movies for...

  27. Radio et Télévision
    (pp. 424-430)
    RUDEL-TESSIER

    C’est bien vrai que cette province québecoise n’est pas une province comme les autres...

    Quand même ce ne serait que parce que nous avons toujours l’air d’exagérer !

    A propos de tout. A propos, même, de la radio et de la télévision ! A bien y penser, les autres ont bien le droit de croire que nous avons vraiment une vocation de moutons regimbeurs — qui ruent toujours, et poussent des cris de putois, si on peut dire, comme si on allait les égorger — quand ils devraient savoir qu’on ne veut que les tondre !

    Mais c’est que la...

  28. Television: English
    (pp. 431-437)
    PAT PEARCE

    To the rest of the world, 1962 was the year when the satellite Telstar linked Europe and America with instant television; when millions watched astronaut John Glenn take off for outer space and listened to him greet the lights of Perth, Australia; when President Kennedy took to television to announce the U.S. blockade of Cuba and launch a week of agonized hovering on the brink of World War III.

    To Canadian television, however, 1962 was the year of the Grey Cup.

    The finals of the Canadian Football League, the Grey Cup, had always been televised by the existing national network,...

  29. Radio
    (pp. 438-441)
    DEAN WALKER

    When tv arrived, radio broadcasters writhed, wondering if they should chop up their towers for toasting forks, and quietly quit business. But then, reassured perhaps by the happy chatter of their own disc jockeys, they began to believe that the right formula and proper handling could endow radio with charms and appeals uniquely its own. Some audience and some advertisers seemed to agree. In 1962, television’s tenth year in Canada, radio men still groped for a definition of “proper handling.” They still sought the special shapes of sound to make radio vital in the television age. They finished the year...

  30. Sport
    (pp. 442-455)
    JOHN RICKER

    During 1962 Canadians became more conscious of physical fitness than ever before. The government created machinery to launch the “People’s Programme” but austerity measures retarded its implementation. Interest in track and field, swimming, curling, horse-racing and hockey increased while interest in professional baseball and boxing continued to sag. Once again Canadian athletes improved national records and several achieved international prominence. But despite a general improvement at the British Empire Games, Canada’s track and field team failed to gain anticipated victories. Canada’s hockey representatives lost their world amateur hockey crown. The west maintained its dominance over Canadian football, lacrosse, and curling....

  31. Obituaries
    (pp. 456-463)
  32. Acknowledgments
    (pp. 464-464)
    J.T.S.
  33. Index
    (pp. 465-485)