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From Bureaucracy to Public Management

From Bureaucracy to Public Management: The Administrative Culture of the Government of Canada

O.P. Dwivedi
James Iain Gow
Copyright Date: 1999
Pages: 192
  • Book Info
    From Bureaucracy to Public Management
    Book Description:

    This book is about the systems of values, traditions, perceptions, and meanings existing in the Canadian federal public service since the First World War.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-0260-1
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-4)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 5-10)
  3. List of Tables
    (pp. 11-14)
  4. Preface
    (pp. 15-16)
    O.P. Dwivedi and James Iain Gow
  5. ONE Introduction: Administrative Culture and Values
    (pp. 17-40)

    Public administration is going through a period of turmoil, both in practice and in theory. After a period of unprecedented growth from the end of World War II until the mid-1970s, the developed world experienced increasing financial difficulties and a sense of disappointment with the bureaucracies that had been created. This led to strong challenges by politicians, people in business, and academics. The result was a dramatic increase in the tendency to turn to management practices used in the business sector, even as business itself continued to change. The resulting public management movement presents a strong challenge to the bureaucratic...

  6. TWO The Sources of Administrative Culture in Canada
    (pp. 41-62)

    Every society has institutions in place that transmit its key values from one generation to the next. The principal ones are the state, the family, churches, schools, the media, and organized groups such as professions, unions, and bureaucracies. But where do these values and their attendant perceptions come from? Without pretending to cover such a vast subject, we will cite here the influences that seem to be the most important for the Canadian administrative culture.

    J.E. Hodgetts has suggested that bureaucratic values are moulded by changing social, economic and political forces — namely the “environment.” We look in turn at...

  7. THREE The Foundations of Canadian Administrative Culture
    (pp. 63-88)

    In the last chapter, we saw that Canadian administrative culture has its roots in geography, in social and economic values and perceptions, in the political culture, and in the workplace itself. Our task in this chapter is to present the basic concepts and values that have been the foundation of the Canadian administrative system in the twentieth century.

    This system operates within the framework of the following main features: (1) a parliamentary system of government based on liberal-democratic ideals and representation; (2) a federal system of governance; (3) fundamental freedoms and human rights as found in the Charter of Rights...

  8. FOUR The Administrative State in Canada: The Westminster Model Under Stress
    (pp. 89-124)

    Over time, the relatively simple model of government that Canada inherited from Britain suffered pressure and distortion. The political and administrative values introduced with the administrative state were at odds with those of the prevailing political culture in several ways.

    In this chapter, we begin with a definition of the administrative state, and the major steps in its introduction into Canadian politics are outlined. Following this, its main components are discussed in light of the strain they put on the Canadian version of the Westminster model of government: administrative discretion and accountability, deficits and cost control, politicization, collective bargaining and...

  9. FIVE The New Public Management Movement Comes to Canada
    (pp. 125-160)

    In the previous chapter, we saw how the Canadian administration grew steadily in size and power during the first seven decades of the twentieth century. As it did so, it challenged the system of political and judicial control which had only reached a mature state with the creation of the Civil Service Commission in 1908 and the extension of its coverage to the entire public service in 1918.

    While the courts and political institutions reacted to defend their roles and mandates, the administration itself kept growing. The result was a vast, impersonal collection of organizations which, like the giant private...

  10. SIX Canadian Administrative Culture Between Past and Present
    (pp. 161-186)

    After summing up our findings on the culture of the federal administration of Canada, we will return to the evaluation of emerging public management culture in terms of both deontology and teleology. That is to say, having clarified what we think about the evolution of the culture of the Canadian administration, we will express a normative and ethical opinion on the emerging culture, and we will try to analyze the likely consequences of current values, symbols, and practices.

    In Chapter 1 we adopted a broad definition of administrative culture, drawn from the tradition of anthropology. Culture in this sense refers...

  11. Index
    (pp. 187-192)