Cdn Annual Review 1966

Cdn Annual Review 1966

Edited by JOHN SAYWELL
Assistant Editor: DONALD FORSTER
Copyright Date: 1967
Pages: 582
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt2ttjn0
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  • Book Info
    Cdn Annual Review 1966
    Book Description:

    Convenient, authoritative, exceptionally readable and useful, its contents provide a dependable shortcut to the current history of Canada for a period hat cannot be dealt with fully by other references for many years.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7180-5
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-x)
  3. Contributors
    (pp. xi-xii)
  4. Canadian Calendar
    (pp. xiii-xvi)
  5. PARLIAMENT AND POLITICS

    • Parliament and Politics
      (pp. 3-86)
      PAUL STEVENS and JOHN SAYWELL

      Interpreters and analysts have frequently commented on the failure of Canadian politics to rise above a confused and indiscriminate struggle of interest groups. Goldwin Smith mourned “the dismal pettiness of parochial Canadian politics,” the “ignoble struggle of party machines for the spoils of office,” and the perversion of Canadian public life by political parties whose only function was “the sordid business of bargaining and manoeuvring amongst narrow, selfish, particularist interest groups.” At the turn of the century, André Siegfried described Canada’s political parties, “with their own self-preservation as their chief care and aim,” as “mere associations for the securing of...

    • The Provinces
      (pp. 87-180)
      F. F. SCHINDELER, JEAN-CHARLES BONENFAUT, DUNCAN FRASER, RICHARD WILBUR, THOMAS PETERSON, PAUL PHILLIPS, FRANK MacKINNON, NORMAN WARD, J. A. BOUDREAU, LESLIE HARRIS and MORRIS ZASLOW

      The session which began on January 25 did not prorogue until July 8, setting a new record of one hundred and ten sitting days. The speech from the throne—delivered in a thirty-two-minute monotone by the Lieutenant Governor, Earl Rowe—touched on over fifty areas of proposed government activity, but was nevertheless likened to the style of women’s dress that “is designed to conceal more than it reveals” by New Democratic Party Leader Donald MacDonald. However, by the time it prorogued, the Legislature had approved a budget of nearly $2 billion and had passed 30 private bills and 165 public...

  6. EXTERNAL AFFAIRS AND DEFENCE

    • External Affairs and Defence
      (pp. 183-248)
      THOMAS HOCKIN

      It is always a hazardous enterprise to try to foretell the preferences of future historians, but it is not unlikely that the year 1966 may well be a year of demarcation—as far as demarcations can ever be discovered—between the end of the post-war era and the beginning of a new period whose features we cannot as yet surmise. Obviously some of these new developments included: an intensification of the détente between eastern and western Europe; a strident assertion of pure and virulent Maoist-Marxist-Leninist rhetoric by Communist China; and the exhibition of some of the clearest examples (in France,...

  7. THE NATIONAL ECONOMY

    • The Economy
      (pp. 251-348)
      DONALD FORSTER

      The pace of economic activity in Canada continued at a high level during 1966, but after mid year signs that the economy had reached the peak of the cycle and had begun to level off appeared. Uncertainty was the prevailing mood at the end of the year, and most observers predicted a considerably smaller rise in the Gross National Product during 1967—about 7 per cent compared with approximately 10 per cent in 1966. The economy’s adjustment to a slower rate of growth took place with surprising ease. While the size of the capital investment program fell short of expectations,...

  8. LIFE AND LEISURE

    • Education
      (pp. 351-369)
      RALPH MITCHENER

      Three major developments highlighted the year in education and together pointed out the pressing need for continuing dialogue between federal and provincial authorities on national aims for education.

      In October the federal government announced an increase, effective with the 1967–68 academic year, in its financial support for post-secondary education through further tax-point and equalization transfers to the provinces. As a result, it appeared to many observers that the government was withdrawing much of its direct financial support to and, in a sense, concern for higher education, in that the increase, while earmarked by Ottawa for education, could be treated...

    • Health
      (pp. 370-375)
      F. B. ROTH

      As one looked back at the developments in health services in 1966 one was struck by the odd mixture of major scientific advances, the rather belated recognition of the need for encouraging health resource development, the off-again-on-again characteristic of medical care insurance, plus a new development of major widespread strikes of health workers.

      The new militancy of health workers expressed by the trend to collective bargaining was the feature of 1966 which would have the most profound long-term effects on the future shape of health service developments. The techniques of collective bargaining by non-professionals had been less long standing in...

    • Welfare
      (pp. 376-387)
      DONALD F. BELLAMY

      Whatever may be said about the protracted legislative process at Ottawa during the year under review, social welfare did have a great deal moving it forward. First of all, the fact that the Pearson government held a minority of seats in Parliament gave some assurance that constructive ideas and views must be listened to even if not fully taken into account. Thus it became possible for the Conservative and New Democratic parties to ensure that the Liberal government was not going to retreat from some of its major welfare commitments. At mid year, the opposition capitalized as it drew out...

    • Science
      (pp. 388-400)
      JOAN POWERS

      Canadian science showed no signs of lagging in 1966, but forged ahead on all fronts—industry, government, medicine, and the universities. Canada, emerging as one of the leading industrial nations of the world, embarked on a new era of research and development: the federal government continued to assume the major responsibility for financing, stimulating, and carrying out scientific research and development; medical research received an urgently needed increase in funds; and the universities, in order to keep abreast of the burgeoning demand for higher education, were involved in more than $500 million worth of construction projects.

      Canadian industry greatly extended...

    • Religion
      (pp. 401-417)
      KENNETH WINDSOR

      “The most dramatic movement in our time is the movement of Christian people towards one another’s communions in understanding and goodwill. And in this movement we have had to deny ourselves and leave a great pile of prejudice and ignorance behind. We believe this movement to unity is of God; that 100 years from now it will be the movement that will be most remembered, and that it will do more to change patterns of Christian life and work than anything emerging from the twentieth century ferment,” said theUnited Church Observer(January 1, 1967). On September 12, 1966, the...

    • Mass Media
      (pp. 418-437)
      WILFRED KESTERTON

      Television captured bigger headlines than did the printed media in 1966. During a year when newspapers and magazines were generally avoiding trouble,This Hour Has Seven Daysprovoked abnormally intense public debate. The Keate report, a Commons committee, and a Parliamentary white paper thrust broadcasting into the forefront of national attention. The programsW-5andSundayroused Canadians at year’s end. The events of 1966 repeatedly refuted what some critics would call the Fowler fallacy: “the only thing that really matters is program content; all the rest is housekeeping.” Thirty-six years of broadcast experience marked by three royal commissions, three...

    • Drama: English Canada
      (pp. 438-446)
      ERIC S. RUMP

      The centennial year was ushered into Toronto with church bells pealing, fireworks blazing, pipe bands playing, car horns tooting, and the gloomy news that the proposed centennial theatre may never get off the drawing boards. When the estimates finally came in, a staggering $3 million gap was discovered between the amount budgeted and the amount required. Officials who were approached to find out how they intended to close that gap merely shook their heads and said nothing. Unless the money is found, either from private or public sources, it is clear that the theatre could well become one of those...

    • Le Théâtre de langue française
      (pp. 447-456)
      JACQUES VIGNEAULT

      L’année 1966 a été une grande année de théâtre au Québec tant par la qualité des spectacles offerts que par les efforts réalisés pour créer une dramaturgie canadienne. On compte à près de cinquante le nombre de pièces canadiennes jouées cette année. C’est dire toute l’importance que commencent à prendre la création et la représentation de pièces d’auteurs canadiens. Il n’en reste pas moins que 90 pour cent des pièces montées à Montréal sont d’origine étrangère. Il ne faut pas s’en offenser, c’est un début. Les auteurs canadiens doivent faire leurs preuves et ne pas s’attendre à un succès d’estime....

    • Music
      (pp. 457-468)
      KEITH MacMILLAN

      For the musical as for any other fraternity in Canada, 1966 was the year of the Big Breath—in anticipation of 67. The plans for Festival Canada (the federal government’s centennial arts party) and the very attitude of Canadians to things Canadian presented a new challenge to all the arts in Canada, a challenge which could be neither avoided nor ignored.

      One interesting sign of the times was the rapidly changing relationship of government to the arts. Not only had the federal government vastly increased its contributions to the arts in Canada during the previous two or three years ($10...

    • Art
      (pp. 469-478)
      DAVID P. SILCOX

      In british columbia 1966 was a centennial year, but elsewhere in Canada it was the year of preparation for the Canadian centennial of 1967. Only a few of the events in the visual arts in 1966 were independent of the year ahead. Artists were locked up in their studios working on commissions for Expo 67 or for a centennial building project. If commissions were wanting, the prize money ($32,000) of “Perspective 67,” the Centennial Commission’s exhibition for artists aged eighteen to thirty-five, or the Ontario government’s project of buying $100,000 worth of art in Ontario and Quebec, or the enticements...

    • Sport
      (pp. 479-488)
      SUSAN MERRY

      At the eighth British Empire Games held in Kingston, Jamaica, Canada’s overall tally of fifty-seven medals exceeded any showing by a Canadian team since the London Games of 1934. Johnny Longden bowed out as a jockey after forty years in racing, with a dramatic victory as he rode George Royal to first place in the $125,000 San Juan Capistrano Handicap. Armbro Flight became the first mare to win the Roosevelt International Trot. The Montreal Canadiens retained the Stanley Cup, while the Saskatchewan Roughriders won their first Grey Cup. Canada’s equestrians captured the international team jumping championship for the first time...

  9. Obituaries
    (pp. 489-495)
  10. Acknowledgments
    (pp. 496-496)
  11. Index
    (pp. 497-521)