Cdn Annual Review 1968

Cdn Annual Review 1968

EDITED BY JOHN SAYWELL
Assistant Editor: Donald Forster
Copyright Date: 1969
Pages: 560
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt2ttm92
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  • Book Info
    Cdn Annual Review 1968
    Book Description:

    The Review contains reports by well-known contributors on events of the year in Parliament and politics (with essays on each of the provinces), external affairs and defense, the national economy, and Canadian life and leisure activities.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7182-9
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-x)
  3. Contributors
    (pp. xi-xii)
  4. Canadian Calendar
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  5. PARLIAMENT AND POLITICS
    • Parliament and Politics
      (pp. 3-114)
      PAUL STEVENS and JOHN SAYWELL

      Pierre elliott trudeau dominated politics in 1968. He played the leading role because he brought into play many of the emotions which had been blunted and frustrated during the preceding decade. His flair conformed well to the mood of renewed self-confidence which followed the success of the centennial and Expo 67. He was a fresh personality in a country which had grown used to old politicians. He seemed to have answers to some of the questions which Canadians had been debating for a number of years. But he rejected the rhetoric of the traditional politicians, and he did not feel...

    • The Provinces
      (pp. 115-214)
      PETER OLIVER, JEAN-CHARLES BONENFANT, DUNCAN FRASER, RICHARD WILBUR, TOM PETERSON, PAUL PHILLIPS, FRANK MacKINNON, NORMAN WARD, MARIAN McKENNA, LESLIE HARRIS and JIM LOTZ

      The year 1968 marked the Conservative party’s twenty-fifth consecutive year in office. Its majority had been sharply reduced in the October 1967 election, and the strengthened opposition of twenty-eight Liberals and twenty New Democrats was expected to mount a vigorous attack on an aging administration. Solutions to many of the province’s major problems seemed as far off as ever and unpopular tax increases were in the immediate offing. Yet at the year end the opposition parties had done little to seize the initiative and the Robarts government remained master of the situation.

      The first session of the twenty-eighth Legislature opened...

  6. EXTERNAL AFFAIRS AND DEFENCE
    • External Affairs and Defence
      (pp. 217-282)
      J. L. GRANATSTEIN

      Trudeau, the man who turned Canadian politics on its ear in 1968, did much the same to Canada’s external and defence policies. This was the year of street corner policy-making, of university teach-in diplomacy, and of startling, frank comments on a host of issues. It was fun, it was refreshing, and it seemed just a little dangerous after the more soporific style of Lester Pearson and Paul Martin. Under Mr Martin, for example, the Department of External Affairs had conducted its own in-shop review of foreign policy and had concluded that everything was all for the best in the best...

  7. THE NATIONAL ECONOMY
    • The National Economy
      (pp. 285-362)
      DONALD FORSTER

      The pace of economic activity in Canada picked up somewhat during 1968; gross national product was expected to rise by approximately 7.9 per cent, well above the growth rate in 1967 in both volume and real terms. At the end of the year, most observers predicted a similar rise in gnp for 1969. Consumer spending, particularly on non-durable goods, continued to be a source of considerable strength in total demand. After slumping badly during 1967, capital investment increased somewhat in 1968 particularly in the residential construction field. High rents, interest rates which reached record levels, and selective shortages of mortgage...

  8. LIFE AND LEISURE
    • Education
      (pp. 365-378)
      RALPH MITCHENER

      At the national level the year was very quiet in that neither Ottawa, nor the provinces through the Council of Ministers of Education, appeared to have progressed much further, with the possible exception of the field of education statistics, towards defining or solidifying areas of federal-provincial co-operation in education. Quietness, however, was not evident in such areas as student and faculty participation in university and college government or indeed in the whole educational process, and in government-institution relationships.

      Education continued to be big business, financed ultimately more and more by provincial governments, and under more and more scrutiny by politicians...

    • Health
      (pp. 379-384)
      F. BURNS ROTH

      The view that future historians might take of health developments in Canada in 1968 would likely be much different than could be seen in a current analysis. From the short-term point of view 1968 must be regarded as a year when conflicting concepts about health care were debated without final resolution, when health care programs were used on occasion for political ends, and where scientific progress continued to be made. If one might speculate about possible conclusions of posterity, it might be that this year would be referred to as the year of commencement of national-provincial medical care insurance, of...

    • Welfare
      (pp. 385-395)
      DONALD BELLAMY

      For the second consecutive year the extension of social security measures into new areas was halted. The legislative proposals presented to the House of Commons in 1967 affecting penal reforms and family relationships were carried over to 1968 and remained hi a backlog of parliamentary business throughout the year. The pressure to amend parliamentary rules and procedures to facilitate the legislative process was given a sense of urgency by the failure to act on these and other important measures, with one exception.

      Before the Pearson administration finished in the spring the government undertook to revise the Unemployment Insurance Act whose...

    • Science
      (pp. 396-411)
      JOAN POWERS RICKERD

      Dr w. g. schneider, president of the National Research Council, declared at the 1968 Tripartite Chemical Engineering conference, “We must build on strength and concentrate resources in high-priority areas.” Dr O. M. Solandt, chairman of the Science Council of Canada, suggested “Major, national science programs in areas of particular importance to Canada. …” Recommendations in this vein permeated the scene as the Senate committee on science policy, chaired by Senator Maurice Lamontagne, embarked upon what was probably the most extensive study of scientific research activities ever undertaken in Canada – appraising the priorities, budget, and efficiency of the federal government’s...

    • Religion
      (pp. 412-424)
      KEN WINDSOR

      The year 1968 was not a good one for the Canadian churches and nearly all the evidence pointed to that conclusion. Early in September the Canadian Institute of Public Opinion reported that morals, honesty, religion, happiness, and peace of mind were all in decline in Canada. A survey of the United Church’s three Toronto presbyteries indicated that “membership had dropped five per cent while population increased 16%, that Sunday school attendance was down a third in six years, that ucw [United Church Women] membership dropped 50% in the same period, and an average 42% of the membership goes to church”...

    • Mass Media
      (pp. 425-443)
      WILFRED KESTERTON

      Four major canadian mass media developments competed for headline prominence during 1968. Probably the most lastingly significant news was made by magazines, newspapers, educational television, and the newly formed Canadian Radio-Television Commission (crtc). Magazines suffered abnormal misfortune. Newspaper consolidation reached new peaks. Groundwork developments in etv suddenly became widespread and intensive. The crtc began life by making rulings so decisively different from those of earlier regulatory bodies that they portended sharp changes in the nature and control of Canadian broadcasting.

      Background for Canadian Radio-Television Commission activities was provided by the new Broadcasting Act, of which the commission was the 1968...

    • Drama: English Canada
      (pp. 444-452)
      ERIC S. RUMP

      “Ottawa,” one wit remarked, “doesn’t know its arts from a hole in the ground.” This aptly summed up one side of the dispute that grew up around the National Arts Centre in Ottawa. The centre was approved by the cabinet in 1963 at an estimated cost of $9 million and was supposed to open in time for centennial. The most recent estimate of cost was $46 million; a tentative opening was set for June 1969. The fear at the back of many people’s minds was that the centre would become one of the country’s more sensational white elephants; a fear...

    • Le Théâtre de langue française
      (pp. 453-463)
      JACQUES VIGNEAULT

      Cette année, le Théâtre du Nouveau Monde ne s’est pas démenti. Sous son toit on marie la tradition à l’originalité, on y joue avec autant de bonheur du théâtre québécois et une adaptation devient une création. Compagnie reconnue, elle n’est pas assez vétuste pour ne plus provoquer de scandales et elle demeure suffisamment vigoureuse pour les supporter. Elle innove, conserve et provoque. Bref, le tnm ne s’est jamais mieux porté!

      L’année a débuté sur une adaptation d’Eloi de Grandmont de la pièce si célèbre de Bernard Shaw,Pygmalion.Eloi de Grandmont a situé l’action à Montréal. On aura deviné qu’il...

    • Music
      (pp. 464-478)
      HELMUT KALLMANN

      Musical life was watched with more than usual curiosity in the year centennial-plus-one. Centennial year had given impetus to new enterprises and improved facilities, brought a feast of performances and a spate of compositions, and created a new awareness of Canadian achievement and potential. But would it go down in our musical annals as a unique episode or a point of departure? The lapse of a single year allows tentative answers only. In some ways 1968 turned out to be 1967-plus-one, but probably in more ways it was 1966-plus-two.

      It was, of course, expected that the brilliant array of opera...

    • Art
      (pp. 479-493)
      DAVID SILCOX

      The order of canada this year made painter Jean-Paul Lemieux a Companion and conferred Medals of Service upon Norman McLaren, Montreal film-maker; Kathleen Fenwick, past curator of prints and drawings at the National Gallery; Walter Herbert, director of the Canada Foundation, which has supported the arts and artists of Canada for many years; and Alan Bedow, the Dominion’s expert in heraldry. Canada Council medals were given to Montreal painter Jacques de Tonnancour and to Eric Arthur, architectural historian and author ofToronto: No Mean City.The Royal Academy of Arts Medal went to Montreal industrial designer and sculptor Julien Hébert,...

    • Sport
      (pp. 494-501)
      SUSAN MERRY

      Canada’s women athletes dominated a very busy year in Canadian sport. In Olympic and World Cup competition, Nancy Greene proved she was undoubtedly the best woman skier in the world. Elaine Tanner won two silver medals in the summer Olympics, while Sandra Post became the first Canadian to win the Ladies Professional Golf Association championship. The defending Stanley Cup champions, the Toronto Maple Leafs, failed to make the playoffs for the first time in ten years, while the Grey Cup champions, the Hamilton Tiger-Cats, lost to the Toronto Argonauts in the semi-finals of the eastern conference division. Ferguson Jenkins, Chicago...

  9. Obituaries
    (pp. 502-506)
  10. Acknowledgments
    (pp. 507-508)
  11. Index
    (pp. 509-536)