Cdn Annual Review 1984

Cdn Annual Review 1984

EDITED BY R.B. BYERS
Copyright Date: 1987
Pages: 350
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt2ttqcc
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  • Book Info
    Cdn Annual Review 1984
    Book Description:

    TheCanadian Annual Reviewhas become an indispensable reference book for those concerned directly or indirectly with Canadian public affairs.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7197-3
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  3. Contributors
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Canadian calendar, 1984
    (pp. xi-xxii)
  5. THE FEDERAL PERSPECTIVE
    • EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION
      (pp. 3-4)

      The year 1984 witnessed three prime ministers, a Liberal leadership convention, and the election of the largest majority government in Canadian history. Constitutional issues, which had dominated the Canadian political agenda for so many years, were put on the back burner as Canada began to alter political directions. Provincial discontent with federal programs and policies diminished noticeably during 1984 reflective of changes at the federal level. For most Canadians 1984 was a year of fresh starts and, for many, cautious hope about the prospects for the future.

      Political disruption began early in 1984. On 29 February Prime Minister Trudeau announced...

    • Parliament and politics
      (pp. 5-35)
      ROBERT J. DRUMMOND

      During 1984 Canada was led by three different prime ministers. Pierre Trudeau announced his resignation on 29 February, ending months of speculation about the possibility that he would lead the Liberal party into one more election. Observers often blamed the decline of the Liberals in Gallup polls on the diminishing popularity of their leader, but memories of the remarkable turnaround between the 1979 and 1980 elections had led some to expect that Trudeau would not leave without one more electoral contest. When the convention to select his successor was called, Liberal fortunes began to pick up in the polls; when...

    • Ottawa and the provinces
      (pp. 36-99)
      DONALD C. WALLACE

      As with the entire national political scene, intergovernmental relations underwent a major transformation in 1984. The Trudeau era, which had been characterized by intense federal-provincial conflict and tension, drew to a close. In one of his final speeches as prime minister, Pierre Trudeau neatly summarized his perceptions of Canadian federalism:

      in order for Canada to survive and prosper in the future, it will have to pursue more effectively than it is now doing two complementary objectives which are equally essential to the country’s harmonious existence and development:

      To maintain a central power strong enough to reflect our desire to live...

    • The national economy
      (pp. 100-141)
      MICHAEL HAWES

      On the surface it appears as if 1984 was another banner year for the Canadian economy. Following a strong recovery in 1983, the economy grew at an unprecedented pace. Productivity, output, and corporate profits increased substantially, while the inflation rate continued to decline. The rate of price inflation, which had recorded a ten-year low in 1983, dropped again in 1984 – averaging just over 4 per cent for the year. The external sector proved to be particularly strong. In sum, the economy prospered beyond the expectations of most observers again in 1984. However, closer examination suggests that Canada was still...

    • External affairs and defence
      (pp. 142-202)
      DAVID LEYTON-BROWN

      1984 was marked by two government transitions, from that of Pierre Trudeau to that of John Turner, and then to that of Brian Mulroney. It was also marked by an increasing emphasis on the economic aspects of external relations. In dealings with the United States the successive governments attached greater priority to closer bilateral relations and declared their intentions to modify Canada’s investment and energy policies. Two outstanding continental environmental issues were resolved, concerning the Skagit River Valley and the Garrison Diversion Project, but no progress was achieved bilaterally on acid rain. The long-standing east coast maritime boundary issue was...

  6. THE PROVINCIAL PERSPECTIVES
    • EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION
      (pp. 205-206)

      For most provinces 1984 was a year of cautious optimism. Events on the federal scene – the resignation of Pierre Trudeau and the election of a Conservative majority government in Ottawa – led many provincial governments to believe that these changes would create a new improved climate for federal-provincial relations. For the most part the provincial economies did noticeably better during 1984. Central Canada continued to fuel the economic recovery – both Ontario and Quebec posted extremely encouraging economic statistics. The majority of Atlantic provinces also fared well during 1984. Newfoundland remained the economic black sheep of Atlantic Canada –...

    • Ontario
      (pp. 207-228)
      GRAHAM WHITE

      For Ontario 1984 was a year of pomp and ceremony, a revitalized economy, and uncertain political expectations. The government had designated 1984 as the province’s bicentennial, celebrating the 200th anniversary of the first major migration into what is now Ontario. Critics were quick to denounce the ‘bogus bicentennial’ (ndp Leader Bob Rae called it the 200th anniversary of the first Tory riding organization) as a vehicle for pumping public money into frothy publicity exercises for the government as a lead-up to the expected election. Heightening the celebratory atmosphere were the fall visits by the Pope and the Queen. Uncertainty in...

    • Quebec
      (pp. 229-241)
      RENÉ DUROCHER

      The year 1984 was marked by a major political crisis in Quebec, when the idea of sovereignty was put on the back burner or, to be more precise, into the deep freeze by the Parti québécois. This important about-face by the pq was the culmination of a profound movement of public opinion in Quebec, and it occurred as a result of two significant events on the federal scene: the departure of Pierre Elliott Trudeau and the election of Brian Mulroney as prime minister.

      Whereas in the preceding years the spectre of economic recession loomed over Quebec, in 1984 a recovery...

    • Nova Scotia
      (pp. 242-248)
      RONALD G. LANDES

      Various social and political events conspired to make 1984 an interesting year for Nova Scotians. In addition to participating in their third provincial election in six years, the people of Nova Scotia welcomed Pope John Paul ii to the province in September and the tall ships to both Halifax and Sydney. In August the province received from the Royal Ontario Museum the only original copy of its founding provincial charter, a 363-year-old document that has been described as the birth certificate of English Canada. Early in 1984 Symphony Nova Scotia reached a contract agreement with its musicians, allowing this replacement...

    • New Brunswick
      (pp. 248-256)
      RICHARD WILBUR

      This was the most trying year for Canada’s longest-serving premier. Throughout 1984, and especially as New Brunswick’s bicentennial year drew to a close, Richard Hatfield seemed to be under political seige. While his administration grappled with declining revenues, escalating deficits, and closing mines, the Progressive Conservative leader struggled with a deteriorating public image and rising discord over his government’s language policy.

      As befitted the bicentennial year and reflecting his reputation as one of Canada’s senior historians, on 27 March Lieutenant-Governor George F.G. Stanley, dressed in a replica of the uniform of the commander of the American Loyalist Troops of 1784,...

    • Manitoba
      (pp. 256-262)
      PAUL ADAMS

      The question of French-language rights continued to dominate Manitoba politics through the first two months of 1984. Set against the background of inflamed public opinion, the legislature, which had been called into session in December 1982, concerned itself exclusively with the issue from the beginning of the year until late February, when the government prorogued the assembly without having secured passage of its legislation. Ironically, the new session of the legislature, which began in April, proved to be one of the dullest in memory. Indeed, the political waters seemed unusually tranquil for the remainder of the year, as if to...

    • British Columbia
      (pp. 262-276)
      TERENCE MORLEY

      For most British Columbians, 1984 was a year of survival and anticipation. Survival – that is, staying solvent and employed – was no easy feat, given a shaky provincial economy and a draconian restraint program aided at reducing public sector expenditures. The anticipation of better times ahead was one of the few pleasures permitted west coast residents, though not surprisingly, given the polarization of opinion in British Columbia, those who anticipated better times found that many of their neighbours expected even worse times in the years ahead. The year 1984 witnessed a frustrated and uncertain British Columbia spirit.

      Unlike other...

    • Prince Edward Island
      (pp. 276-282)
      DAVID MILNE

      Although the arrival of 1984 sent thousands of correspondents back to the writings of George Orwell and then forward to test out his menacing prediction, there was little copy available for Big Brother fantasies on Prince Edward Island during the year. The public preoccupation, reflected in a heavy electioneering year, was clearly with high energy costs, the performance of the economy, and unemployment.

      The legislative session began quietly with a restrained speech from the throne on 6 March. With negotiations under way for a new federal-provincial agreement to replace the soon-to-lapse fifteen-year Comprehensive Development Plan, the government had little in...

    • Saskatchewan
      (pp. 282-294)
      J.R. MILLER

      The weather, Bill Sveinson, and Colin Thatcher dominated the year’s news. Drought combined with the continuing western recession to lower economic performance. Sveinson and Thatcher mixed comedy and tragedy in equal parts. In both the economic and political arenas 1984 was not a good year.

      The spring season began on 21 March with Finance Minister Bob Andrew’s third budget. Andrew said that he wanted to tackle the deficit and create employment. Though the treasurer projected a 1984–5 deficit of $267 million on total expenditures of $3,279 million, Andrew claimed to have cut the deficit because the rate of the...

    • Alberta
      (pp. 294-302)
      PETER McCORMICK

      1984 was virtually a year ‘on hold.’ Although there had been expectations of significant – even dramatic – developments in both politics and economics, in neither sphere did the anticipated changes take place, and the year’s end saw Alberta in much the same condition as at the year’s beginning.

      The second session of the 20th legislature began on Thursday, 15 March. The speech from the throne was the last one to be read by outgoing Lieutenant-Governor Frank Lynch-Staunton; former mla and cabinet member, Helen Hunley of Rocky Mountain House, was named the new lieutenant-governor in December. The throne speech identified...

    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      (pp. 302-309)
      LESLIE HARRIS

      ‘Quaerite prime Regnum dei’ is the admonishment to Newfoundlanders inscribed upon Newfoundland’s coat of arms. Even as early as 1637 its author must have realized that the quest for the New Jerusalem upon the forbidding shores of the ‘land God gave to Cain’ would be a daunting one. The events of 1984 gave little reason to believe that the illusory goal was in sight. It did appear, towards the end of 1983, that both the Canadian and international economies had reached bottom and that 1984 would show a modest recovery; but even the most optimistic had not anticipated that this...

    • The Yukon
      (pp. 309-314)
      JANET MOODIE MICHAEL

      The Yukon’s economy appeared to recover slightly in 1984 from the devastating effects of the recession. Hopes that an Indian land claim settlement would give the territory a much-needed boost were dashed at year end, however, and the mining industry continued to be a victim of poor world metal prices. In politics the territory’s government leader announced his intention to resign, and Yukoners re-elected Erik Nielsen as their member of parliament with his largest majority ever. Bitter words echoed through the territorial legislature over a bill concerning children and the federal government’s plans to make the Yukon officially bilingual.

      The...

    • The Northwest Territories
      (pp. 315-318)
      NANCY C. DOUBLEDAY

      The political ferment of the past four years in the Northwest Territories slowed in 1984. Consensus on political development, particularly on a boundary for division, became more elusive, and the issue of aboriginal land claim settlements surged to the foreground after the claim of the Committee for Original Peoples’ Entitlement was resolved. The Conservative victory extinguished the fading embers of the federal Liberal government under Pierre Trudeau, and the new government’s ministers used the post-election period to familiarize themselves with northern issues rather than to introduce sweeping changes that would directly affect the Northwest Territories.

      The year began by selecting...

  7. Obituaries 1984
    (pp. 319-322)
  8. Acknowledgments
    (pp. 323-324)
    RBB
  9. Index of names
    (pp. 325-332)
  10. Index of subjects
    (pp. 333-344)