Women and the Limits of Citizenship in the French Revolution

Women and the Limits of Citizenship in the French Revolution

OLWEN H. HUFTON
Copyright Date: 1992
Pages: 236
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt2ttqfb
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  • Book Info
    Women and the Limits of Citizenship in the French Revolution
    Book Description:

    Hufton examines the motivations of two groups of women during the Revolution, the strategies they used to advance their respective causes, and the bitter misogyinistic legacy of the republican tradition which persisted into the twentieth century.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-8355-6
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Foreword
    (pp. ix-xiv)
    Michael G. Finlayson

    The historian whose name this lecture series honours, Donald Creighton, was born in 1902 and died in 1979. Most of his long and productive life was spent in and around the Department of History at the University of Toronto. He was first an undergraduate here, at Victoria College, and then, after a stint at Balliol College, Oxford, he joined the Department as a Lecturer in 1927. There followed forty-four years during which he served a five-year term as Head of the Department, was President of the Canadian Historical Association, won almost every literary award available to a historian in Canada,...

  4. Preface
    (pp. xv-xxvi)
    Olwen Hufton
  5. CHAPTER ONE Women and Politics
    (pp. 1-50)

    When the politicians of the Constituent Assembly debated the critical issue of who should possess the suffrage in the new France and hence gave practical expression to the notion of equality, they excluded three types of people. The first were the poor, or more specifically those who did not pay a tax equivalent to the proceeds from three daysʹ labour. The second were servants, because their impartiality could not be guaranteed, and the third exclusion was that of women. Much debate focused on the first two exemptions and indeed Robespierre made his political reputation in a moving speech which insisted...

  6. CHAPTER TWO Poverty and Charity: Revolutionary Mythology and Real Women
    (pp. 51-88)

    The religious institutions devoted to succouring the poor and serving the sick are amongst those most commanding of respect. There is perhaps nothing greater on this earth than the sacrifice that the delicate sex makes of its beauty and its youth in caring within hospitals for every kind of wretched human suffering, the very sight of which is so humiliating to mankindʹs pride and so offensive to our sensibilities.

    Voltaire,Oeuvres Complètes, 52 vols. (Paris 1877–85), xii p344

    the services that are rendered in hospitals by pure zeal and by the sole motive of the love of God differ...

  7. CHAPTER THREE In Search of Counter-Revolutionary Women
    (pp. 89-130)

    The earlier description of the women of Paris between the October Days and Germinal insisted upon the presence of extremes of emotion: the gradual replacement of hope, excitement, and belief in the Revolution by disillusionment, fear, and a sense of betrayal. Intensity of emotion during the Revolution was not the monopoly of the capital. The constituent elements, however, of the emotional response of women outside Paris to the momentous changes taking place around them were different. In no city other than Paris could women feel they had been so instrumental in forcing the pace of political life. In some the...

  8. CHAPTER FOUR Epilogue. The Legacy: Myth and Memory
    (pp. 131-154)

    The years between 1795 and 1798 offered no consolation to those who had made a significant emotional investment in the Revolution. The administrators upon whom the Directory depended at the local level were committed to an uphill and in the long run futile effort to preserve what they believed to be worth saving in the Revolution.¹ Not only had they to try to govern the localities without a viable currency and were they themselves without personal remuneration but they had to contend with a disillusioned, cynical, and frankly hostile populace, one that realized that the promises of politicians and their...

  9. Notes
    (pp. 155-178)
  10. Select Bibliography
    (pp. 179-198)
  11. Index
    (pp. 199-201)