Cdn Annual Review 1980

Cdn Annual Review 1980

EDITED BY R.B. BYERS
Copyright Date: 1982
Pages: 378
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt2ttx2q
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  • Book Info
    Cdn Annual Review 1980
    Book Description:

    The 1980 issue thus continues the tradition in providing both a responsible analysis of the main developments and a concise and convenient record of the year's events.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7194-2
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  3. Contributors
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Canadian Calendar
    (pp. xi-xiv)
  5. THE FEDERAL PERSPECTIVE

    • EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION
      (pp. 3-4)

      The federal election of February 1980 resulted in ‘the second coming’ of Pierre Elliott Trudeau when the Liberals were swept into office. The campaign focused more on image and leadership than on policy issues. From the outset the Conservatives were on the defensive and never overcame an image of weakness and incompetence. Though Joe Clark performed admirably in the campaign, his efforts went unrewarded. For their part the Liberals conducted a low profile campaign, Mr Trudeau being generally kept out of the public domain and encouraged to downplay policy issues. When Liberal policy themes did emerge the general focus was...

    • Parliament and politics
      (pp. 5-110)
      DAVID V.J. BELL and DONALD C. WALLACE

      The 1980 election reversed the results of 1979 to end a rare nine-month interlude in Canadian political history. The Conservative Party had injected into Ottawa a new sense of vitality and freshness during their tenure in office. But this and other accomplishments were eclipsed by growing dissatisfaction with Joe Clark’s leadership and an increasing sense that the Conservative Party was unable to govern effectively. When the Conservatives took office nearly everyone assumed that they would have an opportunity to govern for at least a year or two without being challenged in an election. Furthermore, the Liberal Party appeared weak and...

    • The national economy
      (pp. 111-158)
      FRED LAZAR

      As the federal government changed hands again so did the direction of economic policy. Economic performance, however, did not change; if anything it became worse. During the federal election campaign the Liberals promised to introduce a highly nationalistic and pro-consumer energy policy, to produce – finally – an industrial strategy, and to pursue a course of gradual restraint in order to reduce the size of the government deficit. After the election the new Liberal administration proceeded to fulfil the first and last promises but, in keeping with past performance, failed to bring forth an industrial strategy. Furthermore, although the Liberals...

    • External affairs and defence
      (pp. 159-228)
      DAVID LEYTON-BROWN

      The year was marked by a return to a Liberal government in Canada, with an increased emphasis on North-South relations, a pronounced increase in East-West tensions, and a growing strain in relations with the United States despite the emotional outpouring of gratitude for the Canadian caper in Iran. Through the United Nations Special Session on Development, the parliamentary task force on North-South relations, and Pierre Trudeau’s own personal priority on international development, the new Liberal government sought to raise public awareness of the issues involved in a new international economic order. The rise in East-West tensions in the aftermath of...

  6. THE PROVINCIAL PERSPECTIVE

    • EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION
      (pp. 231-232)

      It was a year of political confrontation between the provinces and Ottawa. After the February federal election important federal-provincial differences emerged in several key policy areas. On the issue of constitutional reform only Ontario and New Brunswick agreed with Ottawa at the First Ministers’ Conference in September. Though the other eight provinces had not reached consensus, they agreed that unilateral action by the federal government would be inappropriate. The election of the Liberals thus meant that Joe Clark’s attempt to work out a more co-operative pattern of federal-provincial relations came to an abrupt halt.

      In addition to the constitution, the...

    • Ontario
      (pp. 232-256)
      ROBERT J. DRUMMOND

      Ontario continued to play a significant role in national political life during 1980 even while its economic prominence was threatened by the growing wealth of the oil-producing provinces, notably Alberta. Ontario voters, who had contributed the margin of victory to Joe Clark’s Conservative government in May 1979, appeared to have changed their collective mind by February 1980, when they returned to the Liberal fold in sufficient numbers to guarantee that party a majority victory. Political leaders in Ontario contributed support in the early part of the year for the federalist side in the Quebec debate over sovereignty-association until it was...

    • Quebec
      (pp. 256-269)
      RENÉ DUROCHER

      The referendum, which had been the subject of so much discussion in recent years, was finally held, and the Parti québécois lost its bet. The Quebec independence movement, even in its watered-down sovereignty-association form, suffered a sharp setback.

      The return to power of Pierre Trudeau and the federal Liberals three months before the May 20 referendum undoubtedly influenced the result of the referendum vote. Mr Trudeau threw a spanner into the works not only for the Parti québécois but also for Claude Ryan’s Liberal Party, especially as regards the post-referendum battle for the renewal of federalism.

      While the major constitutional...

    • Nova Scotia
      (pp. 269-275)
      RONALD G. LANDES

      Against a backdrop of continuing underdevelopment the Nova Scotian economy performed reasonably well in 1980, although no solution was forthcoming with respect to either energy costs or the varied problems of the Sydney Steel Corporation. The legislative session was primarily a housekeeping operation, although new rules of procedure were adopted for future meetings of the Assembly. The most significant political developments concerned the political parties, with both Liberals and New Democrats choosing new leaders.

      The throne speech that opened the second session of the Fifty-Second General Assembly of Nova Scotia on February 28 emphasized natural resource development, energy self-sufficiency, and...

    • New Brunswick
      (pp. 275-283)
      RICHARD WILBUR

      Celebrating his tenth year as premier, Richard Hatfield showed his mastery of the hurly-burly of provincial politics and of his Liberal opponent, Joseph Daigle. Using the Legislature as if his government had far more than its actual two-seat majority, Mr Hatfield outlasted and outbluffed the Liberal opposition in its attempts to score points on the out-of-control spending at the Lepreau nuclear project. Even the embarrassing revelations and blunt statements of a supreme court justice on the role of Mr Hatfield and his closest colleagues in a kickback scandal failed to make much impact, in large measure because the premier adroitly...

    • Manitoba
      (pp. 283-290)
      GEOFFREY LAMBERT

      The government of Manitoba loosened the pursestrings a little in 1980 and embarked on an ambitious legislative programme. The initiatives stimulated an apparent improvement in the Conservatives’ popular standing. But economic progress remained some way off, since the problems facing the national economy generally were exacerbated in Manitoba’s case by a spring drought.

      The Liberal party at last acquired a new provincial leader, while theWinnipeg Tribunefell victim to competition or collusion (depending on one’s perspective) between the two leading newspaper chains. A new paper, theWinnipeg Sun,arose in November, attempting to fill the void by a tabloid-style...

    • British Columbia
      (pp. 290-305)
      ALAN F.J. ARTIBISE and PETER A. BASKERVILLE

      Despite little labour strife, adequate economic growth, long legislative sittings, and active involvement at the national level, Premier W.R. Bennett and his Social Credit government floundered throughout the year. Polls taken in January showed the government trailing the ndp by seventeen points. In December, the deficit remained steady at ten. Lingering scandal – the ‘Lettergate/Dirty Tricks’ affair – and a new revelation – the ‘Gracie’s Finger’ manoeuvre – were partly responsible for public dissatisfaction. The September bcric-Kaiser deal, interpreted by many as a betrayal of the British Columbia taxpayer and investor, compounded the government’s difficulties. In the public’s eye, however,...

    • Prince Edward Island
      (pp. 305-311)
      FRANK MACKINNON

      The year was a quiet one in pei politics, with a new government short of funds and a small economy beset by large problems.

      The Legislative Assembly was opened on February 7 by the new lieutenant governor, Joseph Aubin Doiron. The throne speech made up for the short one the newly elected government had presented in 1979. It featured a departmental reorganization and the co-ordination of policy planning. ‘Economic development over the past few years’ it said ‘has greatly increased the overhead of this province without a corresponding increase in productivity and revenue.’ The government therefore did not ‘feel bound...

    • Saskatchewan
      (pp. 311-323)
      J.R. MILLER

      ‘Celebrate Saskatchewan.’ The province’s slogan for its seventy-fifth anniversary festivities could have served as a summary of the year’s events in the wheat province. In the political sphere there was little change, as the provincial New Democrat government continued its steady, unchallenged rule and the opposition parties remained ineffective. In the Legislature the absence of substantial legislative initiative seemed to prove that the province had more to celebrate than to improve. And on the economic front the solid progress of both agriculture and mining was cause indeed for rejoicing. The only discordant note came from Ottawa; the federal government seemed...

    • Alberta
      (pp. 323-335)
      DAVID ELTON

      Alberta’s seventy-fifth year as a province within confederation was a bitter-sweet affair. The provincial government could afford one of the most extravagant birthday parties in provincial history – $75 million worth. Yet the year also saw the national government initiate constitutional and natural resource policies that seemed to threaten the economic future of the province and spawned the development of one of the largest separatist movements in the country.

      Alberta’s newly appointed lieutenant governor, Frank Lynch-Staunton, opened the Second Session of the 19th Legislature on March 20 with a speech from the throne that promised increased funding to expand existing...

    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      (pp. 335-343)
      LESLIE HARRIS

      The keynote for the year 1980 in Newfoundland and Labrador was struck by the Honourable John Collins in his budget address of March 28 in the following words:

      If our contributions to confederation, in terms of real goods, material and otherwise, have been so great, it is pertinent to inquire why has our earned income been so much below the national average? Clearly, the answer must lie in the fact that our contribution of hydro power to Quebec is so blatant an example of undervaluation that no further comment is required. Our strategic geographic position has been, and is, undervalued...

    • The Yukon
      (pp. 343-351)
      GARTH GRAHAM

      This was a year of frustration in the Yukon. Many difficult issues and long-term concerns remained unresolved. The change from a Conservative to a Liberal government in Ottawa slowed the pace of constitutional development in the Yukon. A wiretap incident undermined public confidence in the institutions of the rcmp and the Legislative Assembly. Yukon opposition to a land claims agreement-in-principle with the Committee for Original Peoples’ Entitlement produced virtually no results. The Yukon’s own land claims negotiations were rumoured to be progressing but were largely invisible. Promises of mineral development remained only promises, and Revenue Canada was threatening to tax...

    • The Northwest Territories
      (pp. 351-358)
      GARY VANDERHADEN

      The political ferment characteristic of the recent history of the Northwest Territories took on new expressions in 1980. Much of the previous decade had been marked by polarization among northern groups, all pursuing sharply divergent visions of constitutional development – from southern-style ‘provincial status within ten years’ to aboriginal ‘self-determination within Canadian confederation.’ The year 1980, by contrast, saw the development of political accommodation, if not consensus, that had tentatively arisen after the election of the new Legislative Assembly in October 1979.

      In February and March the Inuit Tapirisat of Canada and the Dene Nation appeared for the first time...

  7. Obituaries
    (pp. 359-362)
  8. Acknowledgments
    (pp. 363-364)
    RBB
  9. Index of names
    (pp. 365-370)
  10. Index of subjects
    (pp. 371-378)