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Rome in Canada

Rome in Canada: The Vatican and Canadian Affairs in the Late Victorian Age

Copyright Date: 1990
Pages: 300
  • Book Info
    Rome in Canada
    Book Description:

    In the three decades after Confederation, an aggressive Anglo-Saxon nationalism struggled to imprint its cultural model on the emerging Canadian state. It was countered by a defensive French-Canadian nationalism chiefly articulated by a majority within the Roman Catholic clergy. In this study Roberto Perin explores the role of the Vatican in this struggle, and in the political, religious, and cultural life of Canada during this period.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7947-4
    Subjects: History, Religion

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. [Illustrations]
    (pp. ix-1)
  5. [Map]
    (pp. 2-2)
  6. Introduction
    (pp. 3-10)

    The originalRome in Canadawas written shortly after Confederation by a grandson of William Lyon Mackenzie. The author, Charles Lindsey, sought to show how the Vatican was extending its dark dominion to the free-born Britons of Canada by pursuing in this country the aggressive policies which marked its relations with the Protestant and liberal states of Europe. The instrument of this sinister infiltration, Lindsey contended, was the Quebec church; not, he hastened to add, the institution which in the past had ‘acted in perfect accord with the national instincts, and aided the Government in periods of national crisis.’¹ That...

  7. Chapter One Towards a National Church?
    (pp. 11-38)

    Diomede Falconio looked out on the Rideau Canal from the window of his ample greystone mansion. It was a warm bright day, one of the last in that Indian summer of 1902. Ottawa was ablaze with the fiery colours of autumn. As he gazed, Falconio felt a sense of relief and satisfaction. He would be spared another unbearable Canadian winter.¹ The prospect of his new post as the Vatican’s representative in Washington filled him with excitement. At the same time, though, he thought back with pride on his tenure as the first apostolic delegate in Canada. The delegation and the...

  8. Chapter Two Rome: Another Canadian Metropolis
    (pp. 39-69)

    Henri Smeulders, the second of three papal legates who smoothed the way for the establishment of a permanent delegation in Canada, was given plain advice on preparing reports for the Propaganda: ‘You must go to the heart of the matter,’ he was told, ‘I must insist even more on this way of proceeding because their Eminences the Cardinals having to deal with varied and complicated questions in General Congregation do not have time to read long reports.’¹

    Quebec sociologist Fernand Dumont once referred to Rome as yet another distant centre of decision-making on which the lives of French Canadians depended.²...

  9. Chapter Three The Delegation: An Outsider’s Inside View of the Church
    (pp. 70-94)

    Falconio was very proud of his delegation. He worked hard at getting it firmly established. Immediately on arriving in Canada in October 1899, he had been faced with a choice regarding its location. Would he reside in Montreal, the centre of Canadian Catholicism, or in Ottawa, the national capital? The episcopate were divided on the issue. However, the delegate claimed that a majority favoured Ottawa, as indeed did the civil authorities. Although he asked Rome to decide, Falconio left little doubt as to what were his own preferences. ‘Ottawa, aside from being the Capital and seat of government, is more...

  10. Chapter Four Tutto è politica: A Question of Undue Influence
    (pp. 95-126)

    Rodolphe Laflamme, in his youth anenfant terribleof the Rouge party, but in political maturity an eminently respectable Liberal minister, gave Bishop Conroy detailed information, including signed affidavits, concerning clerical interference in his 1876 re-election in Montreal riding of Jacques Cartier. Asked to comment on Laflamme’s allegations, Edouard Fabre, the newly appointed bishop of Montreal, dismissed the evidence out of hand. The first priest incriminated in the documents had been dead for eleven years – a truly redoubtable opponent! Another had pronounced Liberal sympathies and was therefore unlikely to fight his own friends. The last four had visited the constituency...

  11. Chapter Five A House of Cards: The Laurier-Greenway Agreement and Its Aftermath
    (pp. 127-157)

    ‘Eminence, obedient to the wishes of the Supreme Pontiff, I left my diocese to go to these regions where for approximately six months we are covered in ice and snow and where bitter disputes have for years and years disturbed public peace. To all this, I resigned myself.’¹ These words might have been written by a Roman emissary sent to scarcely Christianized and dimly perceived northern stretches of Europe in the eleventh century. Instead they were modern sentiments expressed in 1901 about Canada by its first permanent apostolic delegate, Diomede Falconio, sentiments of exasperation at the lack of progress made...

  12. Chapter Six Pariahs of the Nation: Immigrants within the Church
    (pp. 158-186)

    The human cargo of emigrants massed together on the docks of Liverpool could not have escaped Archbishop Falconio’s attention as he waited in September 1899 to board theVancouverfor Quebec City. Liverpool was one of the busiest emigration depots in Europe and from there over one hundred thousand Englishmen, Irish, Scandinavians, and even Eastern Europeans left the old continent each year, lured by the prospect of economic gain and religious and political toleration in the new world. Given his elevated rank, Falconio would not have brushed shoulders with this mass of humanity on the docks, nor would he have...

  13. Chapter Seven The Delegate as Arbiter
    (pp. 187-213)

    When he became apostolic delegate, Diomede Falconio was concerned with both the trappings and the substance of office. Not only did he require a residence befitting the dignity of his position which felt should in no way be inferior to his counterpart in Washington; he also asked to have the same powers as his colleague, noting that currently the Canadian delegate’s faculties were no greater than those of a common bishop.¹ The prefect of the Propaganda, Cardinal Ledochowski complied with his request. The apostolic delegate was given the power to hear the grievances of priests and laymen against their bishops...

  14. Conclusion
    (pp. 214-228)

    Canada was born of ethnic tension. In the nineteenth century this conflict took on sectarian characteristics since religion generally was regarded as an essential component of ethnic identity. Although at first the point of dissension concerned the rights and privileges to be enjoyed by the religious minority, eventually the issue became the cultural character of the country. Essentially the question was framed in the context of Catholic-Protestant relations since other religious denominations were almost non-existent (although it is interesting to note that Etienne-Paschal Taché’s education bill of 1855 made provision for the creation of separate schools in Canada west for...

  15. Notes
    (pp. 229-280)
  16. Bibliography
    (pp. 281-288)
  17. Index
    (pp. 289-299)