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Selling Diversity

Selling Diversity: Immigration, Multiculturalism, Employment Equity, and Globalization

Yasmeen Abu-Laban
Christina Gabriel
Copyright Date: 2008
Pages: 202
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  • Book Info
    Selling Diversity
    Book Description:

    Using gender, race/ethnicity, and class lenses to frame their analysis, the authors review Canadian immigration, multiculturalism, and employment equity policies, including their different historical origins, to illustrate how a preference for selling diversity has emerged in the last decade.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-0227-4
    Subjects: Political Science, Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-6)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 7-8)
    (pp. 9-10)
  4. chapter ONE Diversity, Globalization, and Public Policy in Canada
    (pp. 11-36)

    In 2001 the City of Toronto hosted the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in its effort to secure the 2008 summer games. The grand finale of the IOC visit was an evening dinner gala where Prime Minister Jean Chrétien won a standing ovation for his endorsement of the bid by stressing that Toronto’s advantage, as opposed to other contender cities, was its “diversity.”¹ In an apparent attempt to emphasize this, the evening’s festivities included Cirque du Soleil-like acrobats, Slavic and Celtic dancers, hip-hop artists, First Nations drummers, a black choral group, and a conga line dancing to the lyrics “Hot, hot...

  5. chapter TWO Immigration and Canadian Citizenship
    (pp. 37-60)

    As a country founded on settler-colonization, immigration has been central to the history and the evolution of Canada. Immigration policy is an important policy area because of its clear and inherent connection with the question of whether or not formal citizenship is granted to potential immigrants.¹ Canadian immigration policy consists of the acts, regulations, and practices that affect which foreigners are allowed to come to Canada and, ultimately, which ones are granted Canadian citizenship.² While immigration is an area of shared provincial and federal responsibility,³ the purpose of this chapter is to examine Canadian immigration and citizenship policies historically, from...

  6. chapter THREE Contemporary Directions: IMMIGRATION AND CITIZENSHIP POLICY 1993-2001
    (pp. 61-104)

    This chapter examines recent attempts to fundamentally overhaul Canada’s immigration and citizenship policies. These initiatives have been undertaken at a time when processes of globalization have prompted Canadian policy-makers to respond to widespread international changes. Reforms have been pursued in a number of policy areas, immigration and citizenship among them. And it is within these two policy areas that questions of state sovereignty and state power become salient. Some social theorists have argued that while one aspect of state sovereignty—control over a territory—may be changing due to internationalization of markets and new technology, states play a key role...

  7. chapter FOUR Multiculturalism and Nation-Building
    (pp. 105-128)

    For much of Canada’s history, the policies of the Canadian state at their most inclusive recognized a “two nations” vision which gave some recognition to the French and the British as “founding peoples.” Most of the time however, there was a policy emphasis on Anglo-conformity—the idea that all groups should assimilate to the language and culture of the dominant British group. Multiculturalism emerged in the 1970s as a uniquely Canadian policy, a new approach to nation-building generated by the Liberal government of Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Multiculturalism policy gave explicit recognition at the federal level to Canadians whose origin was...

  8. chapter FIVE Employment Equity
    (pp. 129-164)

    In an effort to keep up with the changing times, Mattel launched “Working Woman Barbie” in 1999. The new doll is dressed in a grey suit and comes with a briefcase, cell phone, laptop, and a CD-ROM loaded with information on economic literacy. According to a Mattel spokesperson, Working Woman Barbie is designed to do two things: “give girls an idea of what moms are doing when they go off to work; and [it] lets them dream about becoming a working woman.”¹ The launch of the doll prompted headlines such as “Barbie puts heels through glass ceiling.”² Yet the doll,...

  9. chapter SIX Selling (Out) Diversity in an Age of Globalization
    (pp. 165-180)

    In this chapter we summarize our major findings on the historical and contemporary evolution of immigration, multiculturalism, and employment equity policies in Canada and outline the implications of our findings. Finally and certainly not least, we turn our attention away from the empirical facts (“what is”) and instead consider the grand normative question of “what ought to be.” Specifically, we advocate the need for a new discourse on globalization that does not assume that there are global economic “imperatives,” which necessitate neo-liberal policy rationales. A new framework and perspective on globalization might allow Canadians (and Canadian policy-makers) the room to...

    (pp. 181-194)
  11. INDEX
    (pp. 195-202)