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Topographies of Fascism

Topographies of Fascism: Habitus, Space, and Writing in Twentieth-Century Spain

Series: Toronto Iberic
Copyright Date: 2013
Pages: 432
  • Book Info
    Topographies of Fascism
    Book Description:

    Topographies of Fascismoffers the first comprehensive exploration of how Spanish fascist writing - essays, speeches, articles, propaganda materials, poems, novels, and memoirs - represented and created space from the early 1920s until the late 1950s.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-6365-7
    Subjects: Language & Literature

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Illustrations
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xi-xiv)
  5. Note on Translations and Quoted Material
    (pp. xv-2)
  6. Introduction
    (pp. 3-19)

    Before the passage of the Law of Historical Memory in the Spanish parliament on 31 October 2007, there still remained more than four hundred Francoist and fascist objects, such as busts, statues, inscriptions, the Falangist yoke and arrows, along with commemorative plaques in military installations, bases, and barracks across Spain.¹ Complying with one of the provisions of the law (Article 15.1), namely the elimination of Francoist symbols from public buildings and spaces, the Ministry of Defence instructed the armed forces to remove all residual objects of the dictatorship. Even though about 80% of those objects already had been taken away...

  7. Chapter One A Politics of Space
    (pp. 20-61)

    A radical transformation of the social entails an equally radical modification of the material spatial practices, the representations of space, and the spaces of representation that delimit, structure, and perform the territory in which the revolution has taken place. The passage from one mode of production to another, a coup d’état that replaces polities, even the appearance of certain means of communication (e.g., the Internet) dramatically alter the perceived, conceived, and lived space. In the context that concerns us here, any political project that aims at modifying the social in its entirety – and fascism was one of them –...

  8. Chapter Two Morocco: The Forging of a Habitus
    (pp. 62-116)

    In his prologue to the 1956 edition of Francisco Franco’sMarruecos: Diario de una Bandera(1922), Manuel Aznar Zubigaray narrates a recent trip to Morocco with a touch of nostalgia. A fascist journalist and the author of the massive three-volumeHistoria militar de la guerra de España(1964; 1st ed. 1940), Aznar writes that a few months earlier “I peregrinated, again, in Morocco. Interesting and moving experience, that of contemplating once more … the landscapes where our youth got excited” (16–17). To Aznar, that “pilgrimage” meant returning to a place where some seeds of the Franco regime had been...

  9. Chapter Three Spatial Myths
    (pp. 117-180)

    Six months after his return from Morocco, Rafael Sánchez Mazas set off for Italy as the foreign correspondent forABCin Rome. His career as journalist seemed to be on the right track. To work forABC, a prestigious conservative newspaper with one of the highest circulations in Spain, represented a conspicuous recognition of his literary talent, while the assignment enhanced the young writer’s visibility within the Spanish literary field. Perhaps more decisively, it put him in close contact with events, ideas, people, and places that greatly contributed to the ripening of his ideology. Appointed cultural attaché to the Spanish...

  10. Chapter Four The City
    (pp. 181-245)

    More than any other social habitat, the modern city is the locus where antagonisms and hegemonic formations find a broad, complex, non-linguistic field of action. In the cities, the dynamism of life, the coexistence and overlapping of habitus, the provisional nature of the spatial grammar, and the instability of the subject’s political alliances visualize, as it were, the defining unfixity and openness of the social. As outcomes and determinants of human action, urban centres make up and articulate social relations in a manner one may callmeta-urban, for the city puts itself on display. Although hidden powers, anonymous dramas, latent...

  11. Chapter Five Russia: Spectres and Paratopos
    (pp. 246-310)

    Of all the myths created by Spanish fascists to narrate Spain’s military involvement in the Second World War, there is one of particular interest, considering our previous discussion on the technologies of tropological striation and the fascist habitus. I am referring to the spatial myth according to which the División Española de Voluntarios was sent to the Soviet Union to return the “courtesy call” paid by the Russians to Spain in 1936–9.¹ The Russians had gone to Spain – so the myth goes – to help the “Reds” impose a communist regime in Spain, committing countless crimes in the...

  12. Notes
    (pp. 311-352)
  13. Works Cited
    (pp. 353-388)
  14. Index
    (pp. 389-411)