Spanish Female Writers and the Freethinking Press, 1879-1926

Spanish Female Writers and the Freethinking Press, 1879-1926

CHRISTINE ARKINSTALL
Series: Toronto Iberic
Copyright Date: 2014
Pages: 256
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt6wrg3p
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  • Book Info
    Spanish Female Writers and the Freethinking Press, 1879-1926
    Book Description:

    Arkinstall's study makes a major contribution to our understanding of the central role of women in late-nineteenth and early-twentieth-century democracy in Spain.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-6883-6
    Subjects: Language & Literature, Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. ix-2)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. 3-21)

    In late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Spain, recent memories of the First Republic (1873–4) and aspirations to bring back a second republic were the galvanizing forces that held together an often divided minority group of writers, intellectuals, and political figures critical of Restoration governments. They perceived the restoration in 1875 of a constitutional monarchy, in alliance with the two main political parties, as achieving little to shift established socioeconomic structures and grant the lower classes greater agency. The reforms initiated under the Glorious Revolution (1868) and the short-lived First Republic had only intimated the democratic society that was the...

  5. 1 Transcribing the Past, Writing the Future: Spiritism, Feminism, and an Aesthetics of Emancipation in the Writings of Amalia Domingo Soler (1835–1909)
    (pp. 23-59)

    Amalia Domingo Soler, recognized in international bibliographies on spiritism as the most significant female figure in that movement,² played an extremely active part in freethinking circles and anticlerical thought from the end of the 1870s until her death from pneumonia on 29 April 1909. According to María del Carmen Simón Palmer, Domingo Soler began publishing as early as February 1858 in the Sevillan periodicalEl Museo Literario. She also contributed to Madrid’sÁlbum de las Familias(May–July 1866), Madrid’sAmigo de las Damas(1873), and Barcelona’sRevista de Estudios Psicológicos(1876). From 1894 she was editor-in-chief of the spiritist...

  6. 2 Towards the Republic through (R)evolution: Ángeles López de Ayala (1856–1926)
    (pp. 61-102)

    Of the three women who feature in this project, Ángeles López de Ayala was arguably the most significant in freethinking and feminist circles from the mid-1880s until her death in 1926. In this first of two chapters, I chart her life, her activism, and her sociopolitical thought, drawing this information in part from the few studies that exist but more especially, from freethinking periodicals of the day that allow a more complete picture of this remarkable woman and writer to emerge. The emphasis in my discussion here will be placed on her political and feminist activities and writings, which constantly...

  7. 3 Domestic Politics, National Agendas: López de Ayala’s Literary Works
    (pp. 103-137)

    The engagement with the tenets of Romanticism that Domingo Soler’s and López de Ayala’s texts display, as discussed in chapters 1 and 2, is not fortuitous, given that Romanticism, as Labanyi emphasizes, constitutes the “literary expression of liberalism” (1995, 8). That literary and political movement, however, was constructed according to terms that rendered it difficult for women to participate in culture and society as full subjects: the consolidation of the private/public divide, gendered as feminine and masculine and justified by biological theories on sexual difference, the foregrounding of the individual, which clashed with the self-sacrificing ideal of the Angel in...

  8. 4 Federal Republicanism, Feminism, and Freethinking in (Trans)national Arenas: The Sociopolitical Poetics of Belén Sárraga (ca. 1873–1950)
    (pp. 139-188)

    Teresa Mañé’s (Soledad Gustavo)La Revista Blancais acknowledged as one of the foremost anarchist periodicals in early twentieth-century Spain.² Yet prior to that publication, another periodical, also edited by a female friend of Mañé’s, emerged as a beacon for left-wing political ideals harnessed to feminism and working-class objectives. The periodical in question was Belén Sárraga’sLa Conciencia Libre, to which Domingo Soler and especially López de Ayala also contributed. Like her Republican sisters, through her life and creative writing Sárraga played a protagonist role in fashioning the foundations of Spanish democracy. Like them also, she had all but vanished...

  9. Final Reflections
    (pp. 189-198)

    In 1889, the year in which López de Ayala’s playDe tal siembra, tal cosechawas first performed and she and Domingo Soler established the Sociedad Autónoma de Mujeres, their contemporary, D. Juan P. Criado y Domínguez, wrote:

    Another very great virtue that we observe in Spanish women writers, besides their adherence to the Catholic religion, is their aversion to politics with its unrelenting struggles, consuming agitations, hateful suspicions and distrust, mean and dark intrigues; the exotic breed of woman devoted with overwhelming passion to the pervasive internal conflicts of active politics is, thankfully, unknown in Spain; so if …...

  10. Notes
    (pp. 199-224)
  11. Works Cited
    (pp. 225-236)
  12. Index
    (pp. 237-244)
  13. Back Matter
    (pp. 245-245)