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Elements of Environmental Management

Elements of Environmental Management

Werner Antweiler
Copyright Date: 2014
Pages: 416
  • Book Info
    Elements of Environmental Management
    Book Description:

    As businesses face an increasing array of environmental challenges, including climate change, air and water pollution, and solid waste management, environmental management has become an increasingly important area of expertise.Elements of Environmental Managementis an interdisciplinary textbook for students and business professionals that integrates corporate environmental strategy with environmental economics, environmental law, and environmental engineering.

    Written by Werner Antweiler, an expert on international trade and environmental economics,Elements of Environmental Managementapproaches environmental issues from a business perspective: How can businesses respond to public policies and regulatory requirements? How does emission trading work? What technological options are available to prevent or mitigate pollution? Using examples from a wide range of industries, Antweiler presents the essential tools for examining environmental problems from a business perspective.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-1678-3
    Subjects: Business, Environmental Science, Economics

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-ix)
  3. List of Boxes
    (pp. x-x)
  4. List of Figures
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. List of Tables
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  6. Preface
    (pp. xv-xvi)
    Werner Antweiler
  7. Chapter 1 Sustainability and the Firm
    (pp. 1-31)

    Environmental management is becoming increasingly important for businesses. Yet there are many misperceptions about what environmental management entails. Environmental management is sometimes confused withmanagement of the environment—but it is not the environment that needs managing but the human interaction with it. Environmental management is also sometimes equated with sustainability. We will explore the notion of sustainability in greater detail in the next section, but in short, sustainability is a concept that captures the ecological capacity to endure. As such, sustainability is a much more general concept and anobjectivethat focuses on outcomes. Environmental management focuses more narrowly...

  8. Chapter 2 Environmental Issues
    (pp. 32-54)

    Businesses face an ever-changing world of opportunities and threats. Environmental concerns are an integral part of this ever-changing world, and almost every business will have to deal with a growing list of such environmental concerns. Businesses need to understand where and how to respond to environmental challenges and problems, government regulations and interventions, and pressures from stakeholders. They also need to see where environmental issues open up new opportunities for markets and technologies. There is a natural tension between ‘green opportunities’ and ‘green threats’ to a business. On one side, environmental issues can be costly for businesses. They have to...

  9. Chapter 3 Environmental Economics
    (pp. 55-102)

    Protecting the environment is embraced widely, but businesses and society often differ about the scope of protection. How much environmental protection is too little, and how much protection is too much? There is often no scientific answer to that question. Ultimately, it comes down to a trade-off where the costs of environmental protection (or pollution abatement) are weighed against the benefits of a cleaner (less polluted) environment. Often an important consideration is whether environmental harm is reversible or irreversible. With reversible harm, economic policy does not necessarily have to ‘get it right’ on the first try; but when harm is...

  10. Chapter 4 Life Cycle Assessment
    (pp. 103-115)

    From the perspective of environmental management, one of the most useful practical tools for businesses is the life cycle analysis (LCA) of their products and production processes. (The terms life cycle assessment and life cycle analysis are used interchangeably.)

    LCA is an evaluation of the environmental effects associated with any given industrial activity, from the initial gathering of raw materials from the earth until the return of all residuals to the earth. This is often described as a cradle-to-grave analysis, and cradle-to-cradle analysis. The difference between cradle-to-grave and cradle-to-cradle analysis is that the latter incorporates the recycling of materials when...

  11. Chapter 5 Environmental Law
    (pp. 116-162)

    Environmental law is a relatively young area of jurisprudence. Many of the core environmental laws, rules, and regulations have only been developed over the last few decades. Because of a relative paucity of case law, many important questions have not yet been fully settled.

    Environmental law has a distinctly local component, and there are major differences in the way different countries have enacted environmental laws and regulations. This chapter discusses the foundations of environmental law in Canada and the United States, highlighting major differences as well as the similarities. Historically, US environmental law is somewhat older than Canadian environmental law,...

  12. Chapter 6 Environmental Impact Assessment
    (pp. 163-180)

    Regulators need a set of procedures to review and approve proposed projects with respect to their environmental consequences. This process is formalized as environmental impact assessment (EIA) under US and Canadian law. Generally, EIA can be used to review the introduction of any new technology, project or program with respect to the full range of environmental consequences. Environmental consequences are typically explored in multiple dimensions: time (immediate versus long-term effects); space (local effects versus regional or global effects); and intent (direct anticipated versus indirect unanticipated effects).

    EIA is a comprehensive and systematic process designed to identify, analyze, and evaluate the...

  13. Chapter 7 Environmental Management Systems
    (pp. 181-199)

    What environmental impact assessment is for planning a new project, an environmental management system (EMS) is for operating a project or plant. An EMS is a voluntary and proactive tool for implementing an internal information system about the environmental performance of a business, exercising control over its environmental performance, and preparing plans for environmental contingencies. Importantly, the ISO 14001 standard provides a process for certifying the adoption of an EMS. ISO 14001 has become popular with businesses because a well-tuned EMS can help an organization balance business needs with environmental responsibility. This section will explore the design of an EMS...

  14. Chapter 8 Corporate Environmental Strategy
    (pp. 200-236)

    A search on for books with the word combination ‘green business strategy’ results in over 550 matches (in November 2012). There is no shortage of advice for businesses on how to reinvent themselves with the ‘green’ mantra. Few books stand out among the crowd, however, and many suffer from overemphasizing case studies that other firms may find difficult to imitate. What works for one firm may not work for other firms if their situations differ in some way or another. There is no single strategy that leads to a ‘greener’ business, but there is usually a combination of strategic...

  15. Chapter 9 Pollution Abatement Technology
    (pp. 237-289)

    Environmental engineering is primarily concerned with the control of water, soil, air, and noise pollution, and the proper disposal or recycling of wastewater and solid wastes. A key objective is the extraction and separation of hazardous components from benign components (such as clean air and clean water), so that the hazardous components can be dealt with appropriately while the benign components can be returned safely into the environment. From a practical perspetive, environmental engineering helps design and operate pollution control devices. This section provides an overview of some of the methods and technologies that are widely used in industry. Such...

  16. Chapter 10 Energy Systems
    (pp. 290-325)

    Energy is used by every single enterprise. Energy use has an immediate environmental footprint because most forms of conventional energy production and use are associated with environmental externalities, in particular emissions. Yet few of these environmental externalities are priced correctly. Very few jurisdictions price the negative effects of carbon dioxide or sulfur dioxide emissions.

    Most nations rely on a broad mix of energy supplies rather than a single source of energy. The diversity of energy types is not merely a function of production and transportation costs. Different types of energy are useful for different types of mobile or stationary applications....

  17. Chapter 11 Resource Management
    (pp. 326-362)

    The management of resources is an integral part of environmental management. Virtually always the extraction of resources is associated with environmental impact. This chapter identifies important links between resource and environmental management. To facilitate a sound understanding of resource management, it is necessary to discuss some of the underlying economic principles. The economic theory underlying resource management can be fairly complex because it often involves dynamic optimization problems. While this chapter does not eschew mathematical treatment, it tries to do so by focusing primarily on the key assumptions and outcomes of the economic models. While knowledge of optimal control theory...

  18. Chapter 12 Environmental Management for the Next Thousand Centuries
    (pp. 363-380)

    This book opened with a discussion of the key environmental issues that afflict our world today, defining the notion of sustainability along the way. The book continued drilling down into the practices of environmental management, from economic and legal principles, through managerial approaches, down to the level of abatement technologies and energy system choices. It makes sense to come full circle and conclude with a perspective on how environmental management feeds into achieving sustainability and keeping our planet habitable for the generations to come. An ancient proverb of North America’s native communities tells us:

    Treat the earth well:

    it was...

  19. Appendix A Reference Tables
    (pp. 381-382)
  20. Bibliography
    (pp. 383-386)
  21. Index
    (pp. 387-400)