In his Odes, Horace routinely places a caesura after the fifth syllable of his Alcaic hendecasyllables. Four of the exceptions to this rule have been shown to be expressive, but the fifth, at 4.14.17, has never been adequately accounted for. The expectation of such a caesura encourages the reader or listener to (mis)hear the word incerta in the phrase in certamine Martio. The shadow of this word may generate a feeling of doubt about the surrounding panegyric, or its disambiguation may dramatize the elimination of such doubt. The word incerta is also a self-reflexive signal of its own ambiguous status.
The Classical Journal publishes scholarly articles on Greek and Latin language and literature and on all other aspects of classical studies, together with book reviews. Its Forum section features articles devoted to pedagogy. The journal has been published continuously since 1905; over the years the number of issues per volume has varied, but it is now fixed at four. The current editor is Antony Augoustakis of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The Business Manager of the journal is Thomas J. Sienkewicz of Monmouth College.
The Classical Association of the Middle West and South, Inc. was founded in 1905 "for the advancement of classical scholarship, teaching, and appreciation" and was incorporated in 1948. Its 1500 members include teachers of Latin, Greek, and classical civilization at all levels. The CAMWS region covers 31 states and three Canadian provinces. In addition to holding an annual meeting and awarding scholarships, grants, and prizes, CAMWS publishes a newsletter and a quarterly, The Classical Journal.