Technology and the Resilience of Metropolitan Regions

Technology and the Resilience of Metropolitan Regions

EDITED BY MICHAEL A. PAGANO
Copyright Date: 2015
Pages: 176
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/j.ctt155jmmd
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  • Book Info
    Technology and the Resilience of Metropolitan Regions
    Book Description:

    Can today's city govern well if its citizens lack modern technology? How important is access to computers for lowering unemployment? What infrastructure does a city have to build in order to attract new business? In this new collection, Michael A. Pagano curates engagement with such questions by public intellectuals, stakeholders, academics, policy analysts, and citizens. Each essay explores issues related to the impact and opportunities technology provides in government and citizenship, health care, workforce development, service delivery to citizens, and metropolitan growth. As the authors show, rapidly emerging technologies and access to such technologies shape the ways people and institutions interact in the public sphere and private marketplace. The direction of metropolitan growth and development, in turn, depends on access to appropriate technology scaled and informed by the individual, household, and community needs of the region. Contributors include Randy Blankenhorn, Bénédicte Callan, Jane Fountain, Sandee Kastrul, Karen Mossberger, Dan O'Neil, Michelle Russell, Alfred Tatum, Stephanie Truchan, Darrel West, and Howard Wial.

    eISBN: 978-0-252-09714-0
    Subjects: Sociology, Political Science, Economics

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Preface and Acknowledgments
    (pp. vii-xii)
    Michael A. Pagano
  4. PART ONE: OVERVIEW

    • Toward Connected, Innovative, and Resilient Metro Regions
      (pp. 3-22)
      KAREN MOSSBERGER, CHEN-YU KAO and KUANG-TING TAI

      Why should policymakers care about information technology use in their regions? Quite simply, because today information technology is fundamentally transforming the way in which we do nearly everything. These changes are important for the capacities and opportunities of individual residents, and for the development, quality of life, and resilience of communities.

      For individuals, Internet use is necessary to participate fully in society, for access to information on jobs, government services, and health care, for civic engagement, and for economic opportunity.¹ Think about how we apply for jobs today, file our taxes, compare prices, look for a new apartment, check on...

  5. PART TWO: WHITE PAPERS

    • Connecting Technologies to Citizenship
      (pp. 25-51)
      JANE E. FOUNTAIN

      This white paper provides a broad overview of the theme “connecting technologies to citizenship” for readers who include academics, public intellectuals, policy officials, policy analysts, managers, and elected council members and mayors. In the paper, I report the results of a survey of recent work ranging across relevant, practical empirical studies, and promising practices. In the sections that follow, I draw inferences and conclusions from the collection of experiences and analysis available, although many trends and practices are just emerging, and highlight innovative or “tried-and-true” policies and practices that cities and metropolitan regions might consider going forward. Given the topic,...

    • Toward a Market Approach for Civic Innovation
      (pp. 51-55)

      Jane Fountain wrote a paper for the 2013 UIC Urban Forum “Technology and the Resilience of Metropolitan Regions” panel titled “Connecting Technologies to Citizenship.” In it, she describes many trends and practices that are emerging around the practice of civic innovation.

      She writes of the persistence of the digital divide and the threat of a widening democratic divide, where residents do not receive the benefits of representation in communities where technology is absent. She also writes of the opportunities present in high population density, the rise of smartphones and other mobile devices, and the potential of “big data” to inform...

    • A Factory in Every Home? Emerging Manufacturing Technologies and Metropolitan Development
      (pp. 56-84)
      HOWARD WIAL

      After a decade of the most precipitous manufacturing job loss in U.S. history, the nation is slowly regaining manufacturing jobs. With those recent gains has come a renewed interest in manufacturing among federal, state, and local policymakers and the news media. Much of that interest centers around “advanced manufacturing,” a concept that has no precise, widely accepted definition but that generally refers to the use of advanced technologies in the manufacturing process or the creation of new products using those technologies. For example, according to the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, “Advanced manufacturing is a family of...

    • The Influence of Technology on Advanced Manufacturing, Private R&D, and Infrastructure
      (pp. 84-89)

      Technologies are transforming the how, what, and where of manufacturing. This is an excellent lens through which to view the globalized economy and its effects on regions like metropolitan Chicago. This “manufacturing moment” could reverse the trends of job losses and outsourcing and take advantage of the opportunities afforded by a new wave of advanced manufacturing. Our regional manufacturing cluster produces two-thirds of metropolitan Chicago’s exports, provides wages 27 percent higher than the regional average, fuels 85 percent of the region’s private research and development, and influences nearly every major industry.¹

      As manufacturers become more concerned about supply chains, intellectual...

    • Workforce Development and Technology
      (pp. 90-112)
      DARRELL M. WEST

      Workforce development in the science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) area is of tremendous importance in the United States. It is vital for economic growth and long-term prosperity. A study found that “STEM occupations are projected to grow by 17.0 percent from 2008 to 2018, compared to 9.8 percent growth for non-STEM occupations.”¹

      By 2018, the United States is going to have 8 million STEM jobs, or 4.9 percent of all the jobs in the U.S. economy.² At that time, we will need 2.4 million new STEM workers in the areas of computers (1.2 million), engineering (676,000), life and physical...

    • Helping Woman and Minorities See—and Reach—the Stars in STEM
      (pp. 112-115)

      Women and minorities are underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) careers. In my reflection prior to and after the panel on workforce development, I am struck by the tremendous opportunities that await us in STEM fields and by the juxtaposition of loss that is felt as a woman of color in my community.

      Minorities and women of color face overt and covert losses as a result of pursuing STEM careers. We can look at the causes of low engagement, at the pipeline of students at the K–12 level engaging in STEM studies, and at how to maintain...

    • Technology and the Workplace: A Focus on Educational Pathways
      (pp. 115-118)

      The educational performance of America’s youths is causing distress for the U.S. economy. Viral patterns of academic underperformance by youths in many of our nation’s large urban cities and rural areas besieged by poverty and poor schooling are contributing to a multitiered economic system with low-skilled, low-wage earners and high-skilled, high-wage earners. Improving educational outcomes is critical for renewing economic development in the United States. A report by the National Center on Education and the Economy has noted that U.S. school systems produce students with reading and writing skills below what employers are seeking.¹ Equally problematic are students with inadequate...

    • Health Care Super Utilizers: Improving Community Care through Health Information Technologies and Data Analytics
      (pp. 119-132)
      BÉNÉDICTE CALLAN

      Around the United States, a small number of community health programs have exploited electronic health records (EHRs) and other health information technologies in a quest to better manage the health care of poor, uninsured, or underinsured patients who are super utilizers of health care services. These programs are heeding the call to develop new models of care that keep patients healthier and out of high-cost health environments, such as hospitals.¹ Many community initiatives seek to better integrate community and social services with medical case management. What is novel, however, is the subset of these integrated care initiatives that have succeeded...

    • The Potential Global Impact of Smart Technology on Health Services
      (pp. 132-136)

      Technology in health care is such a vast topic that our esteemed panel spent dinner the evening before the forum trying to define which portions we wanted to discuss. We agreed that we should focus on the opportunity of technology to improve the quality of care. We agreed that we should focus on the challenges, but highlight how the evolving landscape is lessening some of those issues. We agreed that we should end the panel discussion with our perspectives on how policy can help accelerate the transformation of health care and ease its implementation.

      The panel consisted of individuals with...

  6. PART THREE: SYNTHESIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    • Plugged In: Connecting Citizens in Chicago and Beyond
      (pp. 139-151)
      STEPHANIE TRUCHAN

      At the turn of the twentieth century, about 20 percent of the world’s population lived in urban areas. This number has since risen to over 50 percent. According to a World Health Organization projection, approximately 70 percent of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050, with the most rapid urban population growth occurring in developed countries. Population increases bring about a whole host of new issues ranging from public health, to housing, to economic development. And while there are many different ways to address these new issues, one thing most people can agree on is that technology is...

    • What’s Next?
      (pp. 152-154)

      The white paper authors, panel discussants, and moderators identified, analyzed, and debated the issues surrounding digital literacy and digital citizenship. While these issues cannot be solved in one afternoon, the UIC Urban Forum participants set forth a broad range of potential policy suggestions for the integration of technology and citizenship.

      Install inclusive technology solutions that can be accessed by individuals of all races and income levels.

      Look at connectivity at the neighborhood level and directly address the needs of citizens.

      Educate citizens on the importance and value of digital literacy, and show them how being tech-savvy can enhance their lives....

  7. List of Contributors
    (pp. 155-158)
  8. Back Matter
    (pp. 159-164)