AsiaPacifiQueer

AsiaPacifiQueer: Rethinking Genders and Sexualities

Fran Martin
Peter A. Jackson
Mark McLelland
Audrey Yue
Copyright Date: 2008
Pages: 288
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/j.ctt1xch37
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  • Book Info
    AsiaPacifiQueer
    Book Description:

    This interdisciplinary collection examines the shaping of local sexual cultures in the Asian Pacific region in order to move beyond definitions and understandings of sexuality that rely on Western assumptions. The diverse studies in AsiaPacifiQueer demonstrate convincingly that in the realm of sexualities, globalization results in creative and cultural admixture rather than a unilateral imposition of the Western values and forms of sexual culture. These essays range across the Pacific Rim and encompass a variety of forms of social, cultural, and personal expression, examining sexuality through music, cinema, the media, shifts in popular rhetoric, comics and magazines, and historical studies. By investigating complex processes of localization, interregional borrowing, and hybridization, the contributors underscore the mutual transformation of gender and sexuality in both Asian Pacific and Western cultures._x000B__x000B_Contributors are Ronald Baytan, J. Neil C. Garcia, Kam Yip Lo Lucetta, Song Hwee Lim, J. Darren Mackintosh, Claire Maree, Jin-Hyung Park, Teri Silvio, Megan Sinnott, Yik Koon Teh, Carmen Ka Man Tong, James Welker, Heather Worth, and Audrey Yue.

    eISBN: 978-0-252-09181-0
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. [i]-[iv])
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. [v]-[viii])
  3. INTRODUCTION
    (pp. 1-28)
    Fran Martin, Peter A. Jackson, Mark McLelland and Audrey Yue

    In July 2005, in the tropical atmosphere of Bangkok’s wet season, the largest-ever gathering of queer studies scholars in Asia took place. Six hundred academics and activists from across the region, from Colombo to Seoul and from Tehran to Singapore, converged to deliver and listen to papers presented at “Sexualities, Genders, and Rights in Asia: The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies.” The three packed days of the conference, which consisted of seven parallel streams presented in multiple languages, demonstrated conclusively the emergence of a vibrant new academic field: queer studies of Asian contexts conducted by researchers working in...

  4. ONE EMBODIED MASCULINITIES OF MALE-MALE DESIRE: The Homo Magazines and White-Collar Manliness in Early 1970s Japan
    (pp. 29-45)
    J. Darren Mackintosh

    The first specialized, commercially marketed, professionally produced, and nationally distributed magazines catering exclusively to men who loved men—orhomo, as these magazines’ readers were called—appeared in the early 1970s in Japan. Starting with the publication ofRose Tribes(Barazoku) in 1971 and followed in quick succession byThe Adonis Boy(1972),Adon(1974), andSabu(1974), thehomomagazines featured an eclectic mix of essays on male-male eroticism, lifestyle columns on Japan’s popular andhomocultures, pornography, and regular readers’ contributions sections, the most important of which were the personal columns where men sought contact with other men....

  5. TWO LILIES OF THE MARGIN: Beautiful Boys and Queer Female Identities in Japan
    (pp. 46-66)
    James Welker

    Interest in and research on genders and sexualities that transgress heteronormativity in Japan has been increasing steadily since the early 1990s, both domestically and abroad. Over the same period, the representation of transgressive gender and sexual practices in Japan’sshōjomanga (girls’ comics) has attracted far greater academic attention. Some research has examined intersections between these two spheres, exploring the correlation, or lack thereof, between the realities of men who have sex with men and these representations of male-male romance and sexuality in a genre originally calledshōnen ai(boys’ love) that has come to be referred to as BL...

  6. THREE GRRRL-QUEENS: Onē-kotoba and the Negotiation of Heterosexist Gender Language Norms and Lesbo(homo)phobic Stereotypes in Japanese
    (pp. 67-84)
    Claire Maree

    In contemporary Japan, elements of the Japanese language such as personal pronouns, sentence-final particles, and verb inflections are said to constitute gendered language use, and the notion of “women’s language” (joseigo/onna-kotoba) and “men’s language” (danseigo/otoko-kotoba) continues to mold contemporary notions of gender-appropriate speech. Due to this notion, the queer is imagined as much by the use of flamboyant gendered speech as by flamboyant drag. Stereotypes of lesbian women and gay men inevitably invoke notions of hypermasculine women and hyperfeminine men. Furthermore, the camp speech style known asonē-kotoba(queen’s language [literally, older sister’s language/speech]), a parody of stereotypical women’s language...

  7. FOUR POLITICS AND ISLAM: Factors Determining Identity and the Status of Male-to-Female Transsexuals in Malaysia
    (pp. 85-98)
    Yik Koon Teh

    The Western definition of male-to-female transsexuals, that is, men who want to undergo sex-change operations to become women, may not be appropriate in the Malaysian context. In Malaysia, the local termmak nyahrefers both to men who want to have the surgery as well as to those who are comfortable keeping their penises and who do not seek surgical sex change.

    This phenomenon is closely linked to recent political developments in Malaysia. After achieving independence from Britain in 1957, there has been a gradual revival of Islam in Malaysia. Islam became the official religion when the nation-state of Malaysia...

  8. FIVE RECOGNITION THROUGH MIS-RECOGNITION: Masculine Women in Hong Kong
    (pp. 99-116)
    Kam Yip Lo Lucetta

    For years I have noticed how my many masculine-styled female friends cause scenes in women’s washrooms, are addressed as men by shopkeepers, and are scrutinized from head to toe by strangers on the street. More than once, my own androgynous gender presentation has resulted in similar public mis-recognition. As time passed, my curiosity about these women grew. I was eager to know about their experiences of being a differently gendered woman and how they manage to live through all the gender scrutiny and washroom dramas. Hence, I carried out research on them (and, simultaneously, research on my own masculine self)....

  9. SIX BEING A YOUNG TOMBOY IN HONG KONG: The Life and Identity Construction of Lesbian Schoolgirls
    (pp. 117-130)
    Carmen Ka Man Tong

    Tomboy(TB) is a term that goes back to at least the sixteenth century, when it was used to refer to a “wild romping girl” who “behaves like a spirited or boisterous boy.” ¹ In numerous fictional stories, tomboys are represented as girls who dislike dresses and feminine characteristics but are spirited and adventuresome, like to move freely, and are drawn to activities associated with boys. These characteristics can also be found among the tomboys in my study. However, same-sex attraction is another major criterion for one to be considered a tomboy in Hong Kong.

    In this chapter, the lives,...

  10. SEVEN THE ROMANCE OF THE QUEER: The Sexual and Gender Norms of Tom and Dee in Thailand
    (pp. 131-148)
    Megan Sinnott

    Lila Abu-Lughod has advocated caution in the popular tendency among anthropologists to valorize cultural practices as acts of resistance.¹ Abu-Lughod explains that in the post-1960s atmosphere of fascination with revolution and resistance, anthropologists have been tempted to see pervasive counterhegemonic meanings and acts in their search for that satisfying refusal of power in the daily activities of their research subjects. This move towards studies of resistance was accompanied by renewed interest Marxist anthropology and other approaches to the study of counterhegemonic actions.² Michel de Certeau’s work on everyday resistance found an eager audience among anthropologists who had a predilection for...

  11. EIGHT BAD-ASSED HONEYS WITH A DIFFERENCE: South Auckland Fa’afafine Talk about Identity
    (pp. 149-162)
    Heather Worth

    In the last twenty or so years, much Western theorizing has been fixated on questions of identity and its peculiar capacity for difference, ubiquity, and endurance. Identity (and difference, too) has permanence; the embodiment of sexual difference makes identity as a woman distinct from identity as a man. But the suggestion that sexual difference (that Ur-category for so many theorists over the last two decades) has a mutating existence tests our comprehension in an essential way, for it seems only natural to think of identity as fixed and discrete.

    What brought home this idea that identity is paradoxically fixed and...

  12. NINE VILLA, MONTANO, PEREZ: Postcoloniality and Gay Liberation in the Philippines
    (pp. 163-180)
    J. Neil C. Garcia

    Colonialism is all about power, but as the Foucauldian account tells us, such power is always already ambivalent in its effects: it coerces or subjugates at the same time that it animates the persons it hails into being.¹

    In the Philippines, American colonialism and continuingglobalneocolonialism must be seen as the ascendancy of a regulatory regime that is both juridical and productive. While it hierarchizes and marginalizes its many different subjects (and abjects), it also enables certain subjectivities and/or positionalities to exist where previously they did not exist. Ironically, various dissidences and positions of resistance are made possible alongside...

  13. TEN BADING NA BADING: Evolving Identities in Philippine Cinema
    (pp. 181-196)
    Ronald Baytan

    The homosexual occupies a paradoxical position in Philippine cinema. On the one hand, he is everywhere—as a beautician, dancer, talent manager, guest relations officer, couturier, artist, teacher, dancer. On the other hand, his life in all its lived complexity is perpetually absent in the national cinema because of the Filipino hetero-patriarchal culture’s fear of seeing two men expressing affection for each other. This study focuses on representations ofbakla, the dominant Filipino male homosexual identity, in Philippine cinema. Simply put,bakladenotes a man who is effeminate and woman-hearted, who may cross-dress, and who desires a masculine man, the...

  14. ELEVEN REPRESENTATION, POLITICS, ETHICS: Rethinking Homosexuality in Contemporary Korean Cinema and Discourses
    (pp. 197-216)
    Jin-Hyung Park

    In this chapter, I try to reconsider the significance of the historical moment of the mid-1990s for queer studies and cinematic discourses in Korea today. However, when the national label is brought to an issue like homosexuality, I meet a specific problem. In most academic writings about LGBTQ issues written in Korea, I notice that theoretical concepts such as “identity” and “sexual minority” are imported from theoretical developments based on studies done in the West, while “Korea/Korean” refers simply to the realistic context that is awkwardly added to the theoretical concepts. While, as Rey Chow observes, Western readers require writings...

  15. TWELVE LESBIANISM AND TAIWANESE LOCALISM IN THE SILENT THRUSH
    (pp. 217-234)
    Teri Silvio

    In 1990, Ling Yan’s novelThe Silent Thrush(Shisheng Huamei) won first prize in the prestigiousIndependent Evening News(Zili Wanbao) One Million Fiction Contest for “Native Soil literature” (bentu wenxue).Silent Thrushwas one of the first Taiwanese novels to bring together the themes of Hoklo ethnic heritage and lesbian sexuality.¹ The novel is a fictionalization of the author’s own experiences as a student actress in a travelingkoa-a-hi(Taiwanese opera) troupe in the south of Taiwan, and portrays several romantic/sexual relationships between actresses.

    The first reviews ofSilent Thrushread the lesbian relationships in the novel as a...

  16. THIRTEEN HOW TO BE QUEER IN TAIWAN: Translation, Appropriation, and the Construction of a Queer Identity in Taiwan
    (pp. 235-250)
    Song Hwee Lim

    In their 1995 essay, “What Does Queer Theory Teach Us about X?” Lauren Berlant and Michael Warner note that queer theory is “less than five years old” and ask, “Why do people feel the need to introduce, anatomize, and theorize something that can barely be said yet to exist?” Two lines down, they quip, “Queer is hot.”¹ What they might not have realized is, a year before on the other side of the Pacific, the termqueerhad been translated asku’erin Taiwan by a radical intellectual journalIsle Margin(Daoyu bianyuan). The compound termku’erconsists of the...

  17. FOURTEEN KING VICTORIA: Asian Drag Kings, Postcolonial Female Masculinity, and Hybrid Sexuality in Australia
    (pp. 251-270)
    Audrey Yue

    Asian drag kings in Australia are mobile parasites who dwell at the threshold of many borders: as migrants between Asia and Australia, as racialized lesbians in a predominantly white queer scene, as performers between genders and sexualities, and as subjects of knowledge between disciplines and theoretical frameworks. This chapter will critically examine how Asian drag kings in Australia have produced a new hybrid sexuality that reflects this parasitic politics of the border. Central to this is its ex-centric diasporic position in Australia.

    Australia has been described as the south of the West.¹ This distinction emphasizes its geography and cultural heritage....

  18. CONTRIBUTORS
    (pp. 271-274)
  19. INDEX
    (pp. 275-278)
  20. Back Matter
    (pp. 279-281)