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Turkish Berlin

Turkish Berlin: Integration Policy and Urban Space

Copyright Date: 2013
Pages: 240
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  • Book Info
    Turkish Berlin
    Book Description:

    The integration of immigrants into a larger society begins at the local level. Turkish Berlin reveals how integration has been experienced by second-generation Turkish immigrant women in two neighborhoods in Berlin, Germany. While the neighborhoods are similar demographically, the lived experience of the residents is surprisingly different. Informed by first-person interviews with both public officials and immigrants, Annika Marlen Hinze makes clear that local integration policies-often created by officials who have little or no contact with immigrants-have significant effects on the assimilation of outsiders into a community and a society. Focusing on the Turkish neighborhoods of Kreuzberg and Neukölln, Hinze shows how a combination of local policy making and grassroots organizing have contributed to one neighborhood earning a reputation as a hip, multicultural success story and the other as a rougher neighborhood featuring problem schools and high rates of unemployment. Aided by her interviews, she describes how policy makers draw from their imaginations of urban space, immigrants, and integration to develop policies that do not always take social realities into consideration. She offers useful examples of how official policies can actually exacerbate the problems they are trying to help solve and demonstrates that a powerful history of grassroots organizing and resistance can have an equally strong impact on political outcomes. Employing spatial theory as a tool for understanding the complex processes of integration, Hinze asks two related questions: How do immigrants perceive themselves and their experiences in a new culture? And how are immigrants conceived of by politicians and policy makers? Although her research highlights the German-Turk experience in Berlin, her answers have implications that resonate far beyond the city's limits.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-8552-3
    Subjects: Political Science, Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-xii)
  4. INTRODUCTION Babel Berlin, German Immigrant Capital
    (pp. xiii-xxx)

    Before I became an immigrant myself, I had never given much thought to immigration, immigrant identity, and the meaning of it all. When I moved to Chicago in 2004, I found that immigration was an political agenda. Furthermore, as I walked the city, I discovered not only the incredible cultural and ethnic diversity of this Midwestern metropolis, but also how the different (immigrant) identities were deeply embedded in the urban fabric itself—how much the marriage of place and identity creates the city itself. In this way, all cities truly resemble living organisms that develop and change and reinvent themselves...

  5. 1 INTEGRATION OR EXCLUSION? Understanding Turkish Immigration in Germany
    (pp. 1-32)

    Integration policy is inextricably tied to a nation’s attempt to preserve its national identity. This chapter delves deeper into the history of national identity and immigrant integration in Germany and outlines the key conceptual tools for following the central arguments of this book. National identity and integration are the major topics that structure how the information in this chapter unfolds. A more detailed historical background on German national identity than provided in the introduction is followed by an outline of the history of Turkish guest worker immigration to Germany.

    Integration policy in the German context appears as a strategy of...

  6. 2 TALK OF THE TOWN: Space, Visibility, and the Contestation of German Identity
    (pp. 33-74)

    This chapter presents an analysis of the political debate on integration in Berlin by examining the frames and images employed in the public dialogue. These frames and images serve as tools to convince the public of the validity of certain problem definitions and the necessity of certain solutions and strategies for integration. The pattern that emerges from the analysis reveals how policy makers and Turkish community representatives represent Turkish immigrants in Berlin as new immigrant citizens. In other words, this analysis of political discourse provides the means for understanding how those holding political power conceive of and imagine the integration...

  7. 3 MEIN BLOCK: The Neighborhood as a Site of Identity
    (pp. 75-110)

    This chapter takes the reader to two of Berlin’s densest immigrant neighborhoods and shows how integration is practiced in spaces beyond the public gaze. Viewing the immigration debate from the point of view of the immigrants within their neighborhood opens up a new perspective on how the immigrants themselves, the subjects of the policy makers’ efforts, are living their own ideas about integration in these selected multiethnic neighborhoods. This is reflected in the chorus of “Mein Block,” a 2004 song by the popular German singer and songwriter Sido, who sings of becoming one with his block:

    Meine Stadt, mein Bezirk,...

  8. 4 LOCATION AS DESTINY: Integrating Kreuzberg and Neukölln
    (pp. 111-144)

    The preceding chapters have explored the policy discourse on immigrant integration and the immigrants’ lived integration. This chapter focuses on what scholars (Abbott 1997; Kasinitz et al. 2004; Orum 1998; Soja 1996) have called the social context and thus explores the spatial dimension that lies between the policy discourse and lived integration: the immigrant neighborhood which has, in the previous chapters, emerged as a powerful bastion of identity formation, particularly for second-generation Turkish immigrants. In exploring the historical and social context of the neighborhood itself, this chapter sheds light on the interaction between identity and space. The following discussion centers...

  9. CONCLUSION Learning from Immigrant Neighborhoods
    (pp. 145-162)

    The political debate about integration and integration policy continues at all levels of German politics and society. This book has explored the dominant framing of this discourse in the public arena (for example, by policy makers and the media) and has juxtaposed that framing to the hitherto unexplored perceptions of the immigrant themselves and the lives they live in their neighborhood communities. The analysis has presented the same issue—integration in Berlin—from two completely different perspectives: the policy debate on integration, and immigrants’ lives in the neighborhood. Bringing these two perspectives together provides an understanding of how Turkish immigrants...

  10. APPENDIX A Zeynep’s and Bilge’s Kreuzkölln
    (pp. 163-166)
  11. APPENDIX B Berlin Senate
    (pp. 167-170)
  12. APPENDIX C The Buschkowsky Administration’s Ten-Point Integration Agenda for the District of Neukölln
    (pp. 171-174)
  13. NOTES
    (pp. 175-186)
    (pp. 187-196)
  15. INDEX
    (pp. 197-202)
  16. Back Matter
    (pp. 203-205)