Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology

Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology: Volume 4

JOHN P. HILL EDITOR
Copyright Date: 1970
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 288
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5749/j.cttts54s
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  • Book Info
    Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology
    Book Description:

    Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology: Volume 4 was first published in 1970. This is the fourth volume in a series which is based on papers from the annual Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology, sponsored by the Institute of Child Development at the University of Minnesota. The basis for this book is the material from the 1969 symposium. For each symposium a number of outstanding child psychologists are invited to give papers dealing with their respective programs of research. This volume contains six papers by eight contributors: “The Effects of Early Life Experiences on Developmental Processes and Susceptibility to Disease in Animals” by Robert Ader, University of Rochester Medical Center; “The Antecedents and Adult Correlates of Academic and Intellectual Achievement Effort” by Virginia C. Crandall and Esther S. Battle, Fels Research Institute; “The Role of Peer-Group Experience in Moral Development” by Edward C. Devereux, Jr., Cornell University; “The Development of Motor Skills and Social Relationships among Primates through Play” by Phyllis Jay Dolhinow and Naomi Bishop, University of California, Berkeley; “Systems of Perceptual and Perceptual-Motor Development” by Herbert L. Pick, Jr., University of Minnesota; and “Mental Elaboration and Proficient Learning” by William D. Rohwer, Jr., University of California, Berkeley.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-6291-3
    Subjects: Psychology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-x)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. xi-2)
  3. The Effects of Early Life Experiences on Developmental Processes and Susceptibility to Disease in Animals
    (pp. 3-35)
    ROBERT ADER

    One of the central issues in psychosomatic research is why, when exposed to the same environmental pathogens, some individuals manifest disease and others do not. Our studies of the effects of early life experiences may be viewed within this context of research in the determinants of individual differences. We are all familiar with “stress” research with human subjects wherein a subject is presented with some operationally defined “stressful” situation during and following which one or more behavioral and physiological responses are measured. Frequently, a subject does not respond to the environmental stimulation in the manner predicted or expected by the...

  4. The Antecedents and Adult Correlates of Academic and Intellectual Achievement Effort
    (pp. 36-93)
    VIRGINIA C. CRANDALL and ESTHER S. BATTLE

    This paper is concerned with a portion of the findings from an extensive longitudinal study of achievement development. The overall study is concerned with three areas of achievement in young adulthood: intellectual, vocational, and academic. One of its aims is to examine certain behaviors which occurred during childhood and adolescence in order to discover earlier behavioral precursors of motivational orientations and achievement behaviors in those three areas. Another focus of the study has to do with the antecedentmaternalbehaviors which might influence children’s achievement development. Still another has to do with the contemporary correlates of these kinds of achievement...

  5. The Role of Peer-Group Experience in Moral Development
    (pp. 94-140)
    EDWARD C. DEVEREUX

    What role does peer-group experience play in the moral development of children? Do peer groups tend simply to dull the conscience and pull their members toward deviance from adult-approved standards of conduct? Or does the experience of adult-peer cross pressure and conflict function, at least indirectly, to assist children in the development of autonomous moral character? How are differentials in exposure to peer group experiences and differentials in their consequences for children mediated by varying styles of parent and teacher behavior?

    In this paper I propose to explore some ideas about these puzzling questions as they have emerged in the...

  6. The Development of Motor Skills and Social Relationships among Primates through Play
    (pp. 141-198)
    PHYLLIS JAY DOLHINOW and NAOMI BISHOP

    Important as play is to mammals, remarkably little attention has been given to its development, forms, and effects. Although play has been a topic of interest and research for decades, early theories of play were based on anecdotes and speculation rather than on controlled observation and laboratory experimentation (Beach, 1945). This paper will concentrate on the play of free-ranging nonhuman primates and in particular on the Old World monkeys and the apes.

    Only a small number of the living nonhuman primates have been observed in the field, and only a few of the species studied have been observed in different...

  7. Systems of Perceptual and Perceptual-Motor Development
    (pp. 199-219)
    HERBERT L. PICK, JR.

    In this paper I shall review the recent work conducted by my colleagues and me on spatial orientation. On the basis of the described research I shall then argue that a neglected but promising area of research in perceptual development is the study of perceptual and perceptual-motor systems.

    The research on spatial orientation with which I have been concerned can be classified easily into three categories: problems of intra-modal perception, problems of inter-modal perception, and problems of perceptualmotor coordination. The problem of perceptual-motor coordination can be subdivided into two aspects of spatial orientation which we have examined: orientation in the...

  8. Mental Elaboration and Proficient Learning
    (pp. 220-260)
    WILLIAM D. ROHWER, JR.

    As an undergraduate, I was continually awed by both the amount and the variety of information professors seemed to have available as needed for supporting an argument or illustrating a point. My wonderment had two sources: the first was a deeply felt discrepancy between their facility and mine; and, the second was the extraordinary frequency with which the information and the argument it was marshalled for were noticeably disparate and yet surprisingly congruent. Despite the lack of rigor involved, accuracy demands the admission that the goal of understanding these two phenomena has guided the program of research I have undertaken....

  9. LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
    (pp. 261-264)
  10. INDEX
    (pp. 265-275)