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Crossing through Chueca

Crossing through Chueca: Lesbian Literary Culture in Queer Madrid

Jill Robbins
Copyright Date: 2011
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 192
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  • Book Info
    Crossing through Chueca
    Book Description:

    Crossing through Chueca examines how lesbian literary culture fared in Madrid from the end of the countercultural movement in 1988 until the gay marriage march in 2005. In examining how women’s sexual identities have become visible in and through the Chueca phenomenon, this work is a revealing example of transnational queer studies within the broader Western discussion on gender and sexuality.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-7682-8
    Subjects: Language & Literature

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. PREFACE: Marching toward Marriage
    (pp. ix-xiv)
  4. CHAPTER 1 A Brief History of Chueca and Madrid’s Queer Space
    (pp. 1-14)

    Although barcelona has arguably been more at the vanguard of LGBTQ culture and politics, the Spanish capital played a unique symbolic role following the death of right-wing dictator Francisco Franco in 1975, as the country sought first to distance itself from its recent past, and then to become an important actor in Western, and specifically European, neoliberalism and globalized capitalism. This social transformation went hand in hand with a growing tolerance of homosexuality that allowed the community to become increasingly visible, and eventually culminated in the recognition of civil rights, including the right to marry and adopt children. Economic factors...

  5. CHAPTER 2 Lesbian Literary Identities in the Madrid Book Business
    (pp. 15-32)

    The preceding chapter offered a brief history of the relationships between a variety of identities and Madrid’s urban space, particularly from the end of Francoism through the consolidation of Chueca as the emblem of gay/lesbian political and economic power in the capital. It also discussed how the conception of queer sites during the 1980s in Spain focused primarily on male experiences, and, how, beginning in the 1990s, those spaces became associated with a particular form of capitalism that emphasized global consumption over national or local identities. The political gains for all LGBTQ people—not just gays and lesbians—since 2000,...

  6. CHAPTER 3 The New Safita: Andalusia and the Phallic Woman in Plumas de España
    (pp. 33-56)

    The debates surrounding the literariness of Egales’s “Salir del armario” series touched on several questions about the gendered nature of cultural and sexual politics in Spain in a globalized age. The writer Luis Antonio de Villena, for example, criticized the series, and the Berkana bookstore itself, in an interview with the late Leopoldo Alas in the latter’s 2002 bookOjo de loca no se equivoca: Una irónica y lúcida reflexión sobre el ambiente(The queer eye never lies: An ironic and lucid reflection on theambiente):

    The cultured gay public is still in the closet, and they buy gay literature...

  7. CHAPTER 4 Lesbian-Themed Best Sellers and the Politics of Acceptance
    (pp. 57-80)

    In chapter 2 I addressed the impact on the Spanish publishing business of globalization and the increasingly neoliberal values of Spanish citizens, arguably results of the nation’s integration into, first, the European Economic Community (1986) and then the European Union (1993). I argued that these factors shifted control of publication from local, intellectual editors to global conglomerates that placed greater emphasis on best sellers with the potential to appeal to a variety of markets. The political and economic incorporation of Spain into Europe also implied a liberalization of Spanish society, signaled in part by a greater acceptance of nonheteronormative practices....

  8. CHAPTER 5 Dislocations: Identity and Communication in Cenicienta en Chueca
    (pp. 81-100)

    This chapter examines the literary representation of the forces of globalization and the neocolonial relations between Latin America, Spain, and the European Union via communication technologies.Cenicienta en Chueca(Cinderella in Chueca), a collection of short stories by Argentine exile María Felicitas Jaime published by Odisea in 2003, especially lends itself to a consideration of these issues. The book traces a variety of contemporary relationships between women of various nationalities and social classes, whose encounters are mediated by spatial arrangements of all kinds. In all of the stories, the purported identity of the characters is called into question by the...

  9. CHAPTER 6 Popular Lesbian Fiction: Romance, Literature, and Legislation
    (pp. 101-116)

    In the early 2000s, Spain’s LGBTQ community activists—including those involved in the gay/lesbian book industry—campaigned for what they described as equality before the law, in the form of gay/lesbian marriage and adoption legislation. Several autonomous communities (Catalunya, Valencia, Navarre, and Aragon) had already approved measures recognizing civil unions between same-sex partners at the end of the preceding decade, but in 2001, the Popular Party, which still controlled the majority in the Parliament, rejected calls for national recognition of common-law gay/lesbian marriages(parejas de hecho),and stated categorically that such unions could never be called marriages. Although the PP’s...

  10. CONCLUSION: Toward Lesbian Visibility
    (pp. 117-124)

    This book has explored the various constitutions of lesbian literary identities within the construction of the geographic and symbolic space of Chueca from the end of themovidain the late 1980s until the Pride celebration of gay/lesbian marriage in 2005. I have argued that the changes in the barrio have responded to political and economic processes that have dramatically impacted the degree and the forms of lesbian visibility. To the extent that lesbianism was visible at all during themovida,it was either as sexual entertainment,morbo,or as an image refracted through the gay transvestite, and never quite...

  11. Acknowledgments
    (pp. 125-126)
  12. Notes
    (pp. 127-152)
  13. Bibliography
    (pp. 153-166)
  14. Index
    (pp. 167-176)
  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 177-177)