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Western Stock Ranching

Western Stock Ranching

Mont H. Saunderson
Copyright Date: 1950
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 264
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  • Book Info
    Western Stock Ranching
    Book Description:

    Successful management of a stock ranch today requires a thorough, specialized knowledge of the land, the livestock, and the financial methods involved. This facts-and-figures study by an expert with long experience as a range economist deals with the working problems of sheep and cattle ranching and provides authoritative information on how to operate a ranch profitably. The business of ranching is analyzed in terms of markets, prices and incomes, management standards and guides for production, financial planning and reports, production cost analysis, ranch appraisal, rangeland management, and procedures in the use of government lands. The various natural regions of the West are surveyed and the types of ranches found in each section are described. In addition to considering in detail everyday ranch problems, the author realistically discusses the long-range problems confronting western stock ranchers as a group. Photographs, tables, sample accounting forms, and actual case illustrations add greatly to the usefulness of the book. Owners and operators of stock ranches, persons planning to enter the business, professional agriculturalists specializing in credit, marketing, or management, and teachers of courses in ranch management and economy will find this an invaluable reference or text.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-6436-8
    Subjects: Business

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Preface
    (pp. vii-viii)
    Mont H. Saunderson
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. ix-xiv)
  4. CHAPTER I Resources and Ranches
    (pp. 3-55)

    "Western stock ranch operations depend a lot on how the country is put together."

    This salty observation of a western ranchman suggests the sweeping vastness and diversity of nature "west of the hundredth" and implies the many resulting contrasts in western ranches and ranching.

    But across the immense lands of the western plains, mountains, valleys, and deserts lies a clear design of natural regions, a vast but distinct pattern of the lands and of the ranches that use the lands. This pattern is a fascinating one for those who enjoy the western out-of-doors; comprehension of it can be useful to...

  5. CHAPTER II Livestock Management Economics
    (pp. 56-83)

    You will not find an adequate treatment of range livestock husbandry in the published materials on animal husbandry. Only rather recently has livestock science recognized that the livestock husbandry problems and the livestock economics of western ranches are distinctly different from those of livestock production on the farm. Comparatively recent, too, is the increased orientation of the western breeders to the needs of the ranches for adapted breeds and types of cattle and sheep. To a considerable extent the western ranch husbandman has been on his own in the selection of animals and in fitting husbandry practices to the natural...

  6. CHAPTER III Grazing Land Use
    (pp. 84-108)

    Range management science recognizes four main principles for the management of rangelands: (1) use a range with the adapted kind of livestock, (2) graze the range during the correct season, (3) limit the use to the capacity of the range, and (4) distribute the use well over the range. There will nearly always be some practical limitations in applying these principles to the management of the ranch. Good management, however, holds these limitations to the minimum.

    Adapted Kind of Livestock. The choice between cattle and sheep (or some combination of the two) for the best use of a range is...

  7. CHAPTER IV Choice of Feed Crops for Ranch Use
    (pp. 109-124)

    Most western stock ranches grow their own feed crops and produce only the amounts needed on the ranch. Usually the purpose in the use of crop feeds by the stock ranch is to maintain the breeding herd in thrifty condition and to meet the normal growth requirements of the young animals. Seldom does the experienced ranch operator try to make a large part of the weight gains by the use of crop feeds through the winter. Range livestock gains can be made far more quickly and economically on the range during the grazing season.

    In the selection of feed crops...

  8. CHAPTER V Markets, Prices, and Incomes
    (pp. 125-146)

    Western Beef Production and Consumption. On an outline map of the United States, draw a line from north to south through Great Falls, Montana; Grand Junction, Colorado; and Las Cruces, New Mexico. Owing to the growth of West Coast cities during the past twenty years, beef consumption now equals or somewhat exceeds production in that part of the United States west of this line.

    Table 5 presents this picture in a somewhat different way. These 1945 data show the seven far western states to be a deficit area, which must reach eastward for slaughter cattle and for beef. The four...

  9. CHAPTER VI Business Management
    (pp. 147-185)

    Successful operation of the western stock ranch requires good financial management. Usually a highly specialized producer, seldom very diversified, the stock ranch must have good financial plans to cope with fluctuating prices and incomes. The fact that the annual income is highly seasonal adds to this need for good financial planning. Important, too, is the fact that capital investment requirements for the stock ranch run higher in ratio to the gross income than such ratio for most other kinds of agricultural production.

    Compensating for these problems of management, the specialized nature of the stock ranch facilitates the use of operating...

  10. CHAPTER VII Planning the Management Program of the Ranch
    (pp. 186-208)

    A successful ranch operator plans beyond the current year. He has a program which encompasses his future management hopes and goals and serves as a background for the annual production planning. Let's have a look at the most important of the management features which should enter into a well-rounded future program for the ranch.

    Most important among the factors determining the best size for a ranch are (1) the number of livestock needed for good technical efficiency in livestock management, (2) the resource geography as it affects the size and balance of ranch operations, and (3) the management capacities and...

  11. CHAPTER VIII The Use of Federal Public Lands
    (pp. 209-239)

    Probably something like half the stock ranches of the eleven western states make some use of one or more of the several kinds of federal public lands. Laws and regulations governing the grazing use of these public lands differ considerably. Our purpose here is to describe the important features of federal public land administration in the West as related to the use of these lands for grazing. We will also describe what appear to be the noteworthy interrelationships between western federal public land administration and the management of the western stock ranches that use these lands.

    In qualification of the...

  12. Common and Botanical Names of Range Plants
    (pp. 240-240)
  13. Bibliography
    (pp. 241-243)
  14. Index
    (pp. 244-247)