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Vocational Interests of NonProfessional Men

Vocational Interests of NonProfessional Men

Kenneth E. Clark
Copyright Date: 1961
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 144
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  • Book Info
    Vocational Interests of NonProfessional Men
    Book Description:

    Vocational Interests of Non-Professional Men was first published in 1961. In contrast to most psychological research about occupational interests and related achievement, which has centered on professional and managerial occupations, the study reported here deals with the vocational interests of skilled trades workers. The study is important because, among young people not planning to go to college, many each year select occupations when they have only fragmentary information about the occupation and its requirements and about their own characteristics and needs; the findings of this study will contribute to better counseling of such young people in the future. Dr. Clark’s investigation is based on the responses of approximately 25,000 persons to the Minnesota Vocational Interest Inventory. About 6,000 of the subjects were civilians and the rest were enlisted personnel in the U.S. Navy. He describes the development of the Minnesota Vocational Interest Inventory and of scoring keys for use with it, examines the characteristics of these keys, and summarizes various studies of the psychometric characteristics of keys developed by different methods. He discusses use of keys in classifying individuals into occupational groups, then turns to the use of interest measures in predicting achievement and choice of specialty. In conclusion he suggests ways in which improved interest measures may be developed to the end that there may be not only better counseling of individuals but also greater understanding of the processes by which occupational choices occur. Vocational counselors, industrial psychologists, personnel managers, and psychometrists will find the book especially useful.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-6192-3
    Subjects: Psychology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Foreword
    (pp. v-vi)

    “Study of interests was initiated in an atmosphere of applied psychology. Most of the worthwhile work has been directed toward the use of interests as a means of solving practical problems. Some ‘pure’ psychologists should investigate experimentally the nature of interests and how they develop in early life.”

    This statement appears in the preface to Strong’s monumental summary of approximately twenty years of his own research in this area,Vocational Interests of Men and Women, published in 1943. Some years later, in 1955, in introducingVocational Interest Measurementto a hardly palpitant audience, I suggested that “. . . those...

  3. Preface
    (pp. vii-x)
    K. E. C.
  4. Table of Contents
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. 1 The Measurement of Interests
    (pp. 3-12)

    Almost every man has a job. Many find their work fascinating and a source of pride and pleasure. Others escape from work whenever possible and remain at their jobs only because they are paid to do so. Some workers are fortunate enough to have sufficient freedom in a job to accent the parts they like best and to leave for others the tasks they dislike; studies of company executives, for example, reveal the way in which the man influences the nature of the job.

    We ordinarily assume that much less freedom exists both in the choice of jobs and in...

  6. 2 Development of the Minnesota Inventory
    (pp. 13-38)

    The principle underlying the use of an interest inventory is rarely stated. Yet it is not entirely obvious to all users. The inventory is intended to abstract from a wide variety of occupations the tasks involved, in order to permit an individual to express preferences for tasks rather than occupations. Such a set of preferences then can be studied to determine suitable occupations. Presumably this process reduces the effects of ignorance about the true nature of an occupation, of differences in prestige of occupations, and of such variables as job availability and income associated with various jobs. Some inventories include...

  7. 3 Characteristics of Occupational Keys
    (pp. 39-53)

    The preceding chapter has reviewed our search for procedures which would use observed differences in responses of men in various occupations to an interest inventory in such a way as to generate useful interest measures. The keys developed by these procedures permit the scoring of an interest inventory so as to indicate for an individual the degree of similarity of his interests to those of employed workers in many occupations. The development of a variety of such keys permits both a study of relationships among occupations and a study of interrelationships of interests among individuals. Obviously, the greater the variety...

  8. 4 Characteristics of Homogeneous Keys
    (pp. 54-68)

    The world of work may be described aptly in either of two ways. One is by description of the tasks of workers; these are grouped into clusters of activities called occupations, clusters presumably reflecting the influence of years of experimentation with various ways of dividing workers’ duties. The second procedure is to look at the characteristics of workers and to note the different dimensions of abilities, aptitudes, interests, values, and other characteristics which emerge, as these are related to choice of and success in various types of work.

    These two modes of attack are somewhat like the two methods of...

  9. 5 Use of Occupational and Homogeneous Keys in Classifying Men into Occupations
    (pp. 69-81)

    The preceding chapters have reviewed the development of the Minnesota Vocational Interest Inventory, the administering of this inventory to large numbers of employed civilian workers in many occupational groups and to men in the various Navy rating groups, the development of empirical and homogeneous scoring keys, and the characteristics of these keys. This has permitted a limited appraisal of the effectiveness of empirical keys through comparison of the distributions of scores made by men in an occupational group with the scores made by a reference group or a men-in-general group; it has not permitted any evaluation of the empirical validity...

  10. 6 Predicting Achievement and Choice of Specialty
    (pp. 82-112)

    The effectiveness of interest inventory scoring keys in differentiating between employed groups has been amply illustrated in the preceding chapters. These data suggest that scores on interest inventories may be used to advantage in suggesting appropriate areas of work for persons facing problems of occupational choice. We might even, if we are willing to go considerably beyond the data presented thus far, use these scores as estimates of the degree to which a person would like a given occupation, or be motivated to achieve in a given area of study.

    The earlier work of Strong with his Vocational Interest Blank...

  11. 7 Toward an Improved Set of Interest Measures
    (pp. 113-122)

    A Thoughtful review of the great amount of research in the domain of interest measurement surely is appropriate and long overdue. Much of the current activity aims to develop another Strong VIB, or to make a new and better Kuder Preference Record, or to demonstrate that the best type of item to use is one that is pictorial, is related to specific tasks, or is forced-choice in form. Or else emphasis is placed on ease of scoring, or on factorial content, or on the simplicity of the display when scores are presented.

    The work reported in the preceding chapters suggests...

  12. References
    (pp. 125-126)
  13. Index
    (pp. 127-129)