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Gilles Deleuze

Gilles Deleuze: An Apprenticeship in Philosophy

Michael Hardt
Copyright Date: 1993
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 168
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  • Book Info
    Gilles Deleuze
    Book Description:

    The key to understanding Deleuze’s complete body of work. “Hardt’s interpretations are exceptionally well-grounded in the history of philosophical discourse, a discourse he exercises with discipline and rare insight. As the only major work on Deleuze in English, this book will undoubtedly set the standard for any future study of one of France’s most important thinkers-and it is a very high standard, indeed.” --Peggy Kamuf

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-8471-7
    Subjects: Philosophy

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Acknowledgments
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Introduction: Hegel and the Foundations of Poststructuralism
    (pp. ix-xvi)

    Continental poststructuralism has problematized the foundations of philosophical and political thought. Perhaps dazzled by the impact of this theoretical rupture, diverse American authors have embraced this movement as the inauguration of a postphilosophical culture where philosophical claims and political judgments admit no justification and rest on no foundation. This problematic, however, settles too easily into a new opposition that obscures the real possibilities afforded by contemporary Continental theory. At the hands of both its supporters and its detractors, poststructuralism has been incorporated into a series of Anglo-American debates—between modernists and postmodernists, between communitarians and liberals—in such a way...

  5. Preliminary Remark The Early Deleuze: Some Methodological Principles
    (pp. xvii-xxii)

    In the Introduction toInstincts et institutions, a collection of texts edited by Deleuze in 1953, we see the general outlines of a philosophical and political project beginning to take shape as a theory of the institution. “Contrary to the theories of law that put the positive outside of the social (natural rights) and the social in the negative (contractual limitation), the theory of the institution puts the negative outside of the social (needs) in order to present society as essentially positive and inventive (original means of satisfaction)” (ix). This schematic presentation of a theory of the institution already gives...

  6. Chapter 1 Bergsonian Ontology: The Positive Movement of Being
    (pp. 1-25)

    In the work of Henri Bergson, one might expect to find a psychology or a phenomenology of perception. It may seem strange at first, then, that what Deleuze finds principally is an ontology: an absolutely positive logic of being rooted in time. As we have noted, though, Deleuze does not move directly to the positive project but rather approaches first by means of a critical, aggressive moment: “What Bergson essentially reproaches his predecessors for . . . . “ (“La conception de la différence chez Bergson” 79).Deleuze reads Bergson as a polemic against the dominant philosophical tradition, and the faults...

  7. Chapter 2 Nietzschean Ethics: From Efficient Power to an Ethics of Affirmation
    (pp. 26-55)

    In order to appreciate Deleuze’s work on Nietzsche we have to situate it in the context of the development of Deleuze’s own project.Nietzsche and Philosophyis the concrete result of the “eight-year hole” in Deleuze’s intellectual life, the longest gap in his prolific career. According to Deleuze, though, such a gap is not indicative of inactivity; on the contrary, “perhaps it is in the holes that the movement takes place” (“Signes et événements” 18). The work on Nietzsche, then, will perhaps give us a key to reading the movement that animates Deleuze’s early work. This study of Nietzsche is...

  8. Chapter 3 Spinozian Practice: Affirmation and Joy
    (pp. 56-111)

    One can recognize immediately that Deleuze’s reading of Spinoza has a different quality than his treatment of other philosophers. There is a certain modesty and caution before Spinoza that we do not find elsewhere. We should keep in mind, of course, that Deleuze presentedExpressionism in Philosophy: Spinozaas the historical portion of his doctoral thesis, but this fact can only provide a partial explanation for the change in tone. As we have seen, Deleuze often presents his investigations in the history of philosophy in the form of extreme simplicity, as the elaboration of a single idea: ontological positivity for...

  9. Chapter 4 Conclusion: An Apprenticeship in Philosophy
    (pp. 112-122)

    We have navigated through Deleuze’s early work to discern a powerful line of development, a progressive evolution: Bergson, Nietzsche, Spinoza. This is not, however, merely an exercise in the history of philosophy. It is true that part of my interest in this study has been to demonstrate through Deleuze’s work that the history of metaphysics is not dead, that it contains powerful and radical alternatives still very alive in the contemporary problems we face. These philosophers form a foundation for Deleuze’s thought in that they provide the material for his own education, for his apprenticeship in philosophy. Deleuze’s work, however,...

  10. Notes
    (pp. 123-132)
  11. Works Cited
    (pp. 133-136)
  12. Index
    (pp. 137-140)
  13. Back Matter
    (pp. 141-141)