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A Survey of Agricultural Economics Literature, Volume 3

A Survey of Agricultural Economics Literature, Volume 3: Economics of Welfare, Rural Development, and Natural Resources in Agriculture, 1940s to 1970s

LEE R. MARTIN editor
Copyright Date: 1981
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 672
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  • Book Info
    A Survey of Agricultural Economics Literature, Volume 3
    Book Description:

    A Survey of Agricultural Economics Literature, Volume 3: Economics of Welfare, Rural Development, and Natural Resources in Agricultural, 1940s to 1970s was first published in 1981. This is the third volume of a comprehensive four-volume work providing surveys of the literature in agricultural economics published since the 1940s. This volume contains reviews of the significant literature in four subject areas: Economics of Rural Poverty; Rural People, Communities and Regions; Natural Resource Economics; and Organization and Performance of Agricultural Markets. The contributors are W. Keith Bryant, D. Lee Bawden, William E. Saupe, George S. Tolley, Clark Edwards, J. Dean Jansma, Hays B. Gamble, J. Patrick Madden, Rex H. Warland, Marion Clawson, Philip Graves, Emery N. Castle, Maurice M. Kelso, Joe B. Stevens, Herbert Stoevener, Peter Helmberger, Gerald R. Campbell, and William D. Dobson. The work will have wide use for reference, review, or study by agricultural economists, other social scientists, extension workers, and students.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-5518-2
    Subjects: Business

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-x)
  3. Foreword
    (pp. xi-xiv)

    In March 1968 C.E. Bishop, president of the American Agricultural Economics Association, appointed a committee to investigate the need for a major survey of the agricultural economics literature published from the 1940s to the 1970s. The committee found that an extensive assessment of this body of literature would indeed be of value to research workers, teachers, extension workers, and graduate students in agricultural economics; teachers, research workers, and graduate students in economics and economic statistics, sociology, geography, political science, and anthropology; and teachers, research workers, extension workers, and graduate students in technical agriculture. In the end the committee was assigned...

  4. PART I. The Economics of Rural Poverty

    • The Economics of Rural Poverty—A Review of the Post-World War II United States and Canadian Literature
      (pp. 3-150)
      W. Keith Bryant, D. L. Bawden and W. E. Saupe

      In an ultimate sense all of economics can be viewed as the economics of poverty. Even though the economic status of people is influenced directly and indirectly by every facet of the economy, a review of the literature on the economics of rural poverty cannot usefully be cast so broadly. Conceptual, cultural, and geographic limits must be placed on the exercise if it is to inform future work with the insights and perspectives of the past. In this introductory section, then, we attempt to establish the boundaries of our review and to signal its structure.

      Our charge was to review...

  5. PART II. Rural People, Communities, and Regions

    • Rural People, Communities, and Regions: Introduction
      (pp. 153-158)
      George S. Tolley

      Concern with rural development dates back almost to the beginnings of agricultural economics as a profession and stems from many of the same impetuses. The changing emphasis in research related to rural development reflects both a growing progress and sophistication of techniques and an evolving economic scene. In the chapter on the basis for regional growth by Edwards, the extensive models and hypotheses now available for understanding economic growth are critiqued. The chapter by Jansma et al. analyzes policy and behavioral considerations that affect rural development, bringing in externalities, public choice, and many other concepts. In the chapter on migration...

    • The Bases for Regional Growth: A Review
      (pp. 159-283)
      Clark Edwards

      Economic activity varies over time and place. Temporal and spatial changes in population, income, and employment have been explained in a number of ways. This review describes fiye principles, or theories, that have been variously considered in the literature of economics as a basis for regional growth. They are: increasing resource availabilities, advancing technology, expanding markets, conquering geographic space, and building institutions. Not all growth theories can be classified into one and only one of the above categories; but many growth authors rely heavily on only one basis, even when several are considered.

      A considerable portion of the literature on...

    • Rural Development: A Review of Conceptual and Empirical Studies
      (pp. 285-361)
      J. Dean Jansma, Hays B. Gamble, J. Patrick Madden and Rex H. Warland

      Rural development means different things to different people.¹ The perceptions each of us has about the meaning and content of rural development are strongly influenced by our own set of values and beliefs, which in turn are a product of our training, work experience, and background.

      Rural development is defined, generally, to mean an overall improvement in the economic and social well-being of rural residents and the institutional and physical environment in which they live.² This approach to rural development requires trade-offs among the separate factors that determine well-being. However, if on balance a majority of rural residents believe that...

    • Rural to Urban Migration: Population Distribution Patterns
      (pp. 363-390)
      Philip E. Graves and Marion Clawson

      Why do people live, work, and play where they do? How much, why, and between what points do people migrate, both temporarily and permanently? These are rather simple questions, but the answers are much less clear and do not fall neatly into one field of human knowledge. Because choices are involved, choices having costs and benefits, the matter of migration and settlement patterns involves economics and the economist. But the sociologist, the demographer, the urban or regional planner, the geographer, and perhaps other specialists are, and traditionally have been, also involved. The field of migration shades off into many other...

  6. PART III. Natural Resource Economics, 1946–75

    • Natural Resource Economics, 1946–75
      (pp. 393-500)
      Emery N. Castle, Maurice M. Kelso, Joe B. Stevens and Herbert H. Stoevener

      As this portion of the literature review developed, its scope became considerably broader than that originally envisaged by the authors and perhaps even by the planning committee. The authors had originally intended to confine their treatment of resource economics largely to the work of those agricultural economists who have written about resource economics. As the review unfolded, however, it became apparent that a balanced treatment would be impossible if this approach was followed. For one thing, agricultural economists have not contributed directly in a significant way to the underlying economic theory upon which resource economists draw, and, in addition, general...

  7. PART IV. Organization and Performance of Agricultural Markets

    • Organization and Performance of Agricultural Markets
      (pp. 503-653)
      Peter G. Helmberger, Gerald R. Campbell and William D. Dobson

      This paper surveys the literature on agricultural marketing from the viewpoint of the field of industrial organization, giving major consideration to developments since World War II. Its scope and design are further delimited by describing the economic activities involved in agricultural marketing, defining the field of industrial organization, and identifying criteria used in judging the importance of contributions to the literature.

      The economic functions performed by the agricultural marketing sector can be seen by comparing and contrasting the nature of farm production with the requirements of final consumers. The farm sector is composed of many interrelated farm industries. In sharp...