Stuttering and What you can do About it

Stuttering and What you can do About it

WENDELL JOHNSON
Copyright Date: 1961
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 224
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5749/j.ctttsrp0
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  • Book Info
    Stuttering and What you can do About it
    Book Description:

    Stuttering and What you can Do About It was first published in 1961. This is a book for parents who are worried about their children’s stuttering, for teachers, doctors, friends, and relatives of those who stutter, and for stutterers themselves. It offers help, encouragement, and guidance in dealing with the problem of stuttering, which troubles more than a million persons in the United States alone. Dr. Johnson, an outstanding authority on the subject, writes in simple language so that anyone can readily understand and follow his suggestions. What he says in this book is based on many years of laboratory research and clinical observation, and his own experience as a stutterer. He tells of his early years of struggle with the handicap and his decision to devote his life to getting at the basic causes of stuttering and finding ways to prevent or alleviate it. He describes his research experiences, likening them to a detective story centered on a search for the causes of stuttering as the culprit in the case. In this account he quotes from interviews which he conducted with parents in an effort to pinpoint the exact conditions or situations in which stuttering was believed to have started. He explains how the problem develops and how it becomes a frustrating “sad-go-round.” Finally, he tells what parents and others can do for children who are threatened with the handicap of stuttering and what adult stutterers can do to help themselves.

    eISBN: 978-1-4529-3708-3
    Subjects: Health Sciences

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. With Appreciation and Best Wishes
    (pp. v-x)
    Wendell Johnson
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. xi-2)
  4. CHAPTER 1 In Search of Beginnings and Endings
    (pp. 3-15)

    My reasons for wanting to understand the problem called stuttering were, and are, reasons like yours, if stuttering is your own or your child’s problem. It was not that I intended, when I started, to go deeply into the subject. On the contrary, I only wanted to “have my stuttering cured.”

    It all started when I was quite small, but even so I didn’t always have the problem. I remember going when I was five with my sister to her school in Roxbury two miles from our farm in Kansas. It was a large frame building painted white and to...

  5. CHAPTER 2 Alice and Her Mother
    (pp. 16-37)

    If you feel that your child is stuttering, how well do you think you would be able to answer these two questions: Exactly what was your youngster doing, in what situation, when you first had the idea that he was beginning to stutter? Just when — at what moment of what day — was this?

    Could you be more precise than the young father whose answers are transcribed below from a tape-recorded interview?

    Father (f): As a matter of fact, if you want to pin it down I would say the last three or four weeks is when this that...

  6. CHAPTER 3 Forty-six Unexpected Answers
    (pp. 38-54)

    We’ve got a bit ahead of ourselves in the chronological story of our research adventure, for by the time of the interview reported in the preceding chapter the interviewer had learned enough not to be surprised at some of the things Mrs. Smith was saying, or not saying — and surprised he surely would have been in the mid-thirties. At that time he would have assumed that any parent bringing a child to a speech clinic as a stutterer would say that one day the youngster had started to hesitate a great deal, or do an excessive amount of repeating,...

  7. CHAPTER 4 Learning to Doubt and Fear
    (pp. 55-68)

    As we carried on our studies beyond 1940 we became more and more confident that we were adding to our facts and our understanding of them. As is true in nearly all kinds of research, however, we found it easier to gather facts than to interpret them. The new information we were getting did not square very well with the old explanations of stuttering that we were used to. We frequently felt a need to look back, as well as ahead, and to take our bearings.

    The main facts we had to review and ponder were those that had been...

  8. CHAPTER 5 The Children
    (pp. 69-85)

    It was 1948 before we got round to extending the investigations of the onset of stuttering that we had started in 1934. In the meantime, as was indicated in the last chapter, we had gained much new information and we had learned to think about the problem in new ways. We had, as a consequence, a much better idea than before of the questions still to be asked. We were able to put together a very comprehensive interview of over 800 questions to be answered by mothers and fathers who felt that their children had begun to stutter. We planned...

  9. CHAPTER 6 The Parents
    (pp. 86-103)

    The parents in our studies have been of two kinds, those who had decided that their children were stuttering, and those who thought their youngsters were talking all right. We compared them in many different ways, and within each group we compared the mothers with the fathers in several respects. The findings should give you some important clues to the sort of parent you are — or might have been, or might still become. They will certainly give you a look-in at a great many of the details of American family life, and surely you will end up agreeing that...

  10. CHAPTER 7 How the Problem Begins
    (pp. 104-114)

    Who first decided your child was beginning to stutter? And exactly when did someone first get this idea? There could hardly be any more important questions than these for you to try to answer — as accurately as you possibly can. Reading the answers given to the same questions by the hundreds of other parents in our research program will help you to appreciate the importance of these questions, and to answer them for yourself as fully and precisely as possible.

    We asked each mother and father nearly 200 questions about the child’s speech development and the beginnings of the...

  11. CHAPTER 8 How the Problem Develops
    (pp. 115-131)

    The research we have done indicates that in the most representative case the problem of stuttering arises under quite ordinary circumstances. It arises when the child involved is between three and four years old, and at the moment when the child’s mother begins to doubt that he is speaking all right. What sort of speaking is the child doing at this time and in these circumstances?

    Though most parents say they can’t recall the very first tune they thought the child was stuttering, nearly all can give some account of the way the youngster was talking during the general period...

  12. CHAPTER 9 The Sad-Go-Round
    (pp. 132-140)

    Once you had decided that your child was beginning to stutter, what did you feel and what did you do?

    If you are like the majority of parents I have known in the clinic and the laboratory, you began to worry more or less. You did not lie awake night after night and brood about the problem day in and day out, but you thought about it off and on. At first, you didn’t think of it as a very serious problem, largely because you half expected and half hoped that what you took to be your child’s stuttering would...

  13. CHAPTER 10 How You Can Help Your Child
    (pp. 141-168)

    What can be done for you — and by you — and other parents who must deal with the problem called stuttering?

    Many of the things that can be done to reduce the problem after it has developed are the same things that can be done to prevent it in the first place. It is important, therefore, that these measures be made known not only to mothers and fathers who are already contending with stuttering, but also to the millions of young parents and parents-to-be who need never have the problem at all if only they are given essential information...

  14. CHAPTER 11 How You Can Help Yourself
    (pp. 169-202)

    If you are personally caught up in the problem called stuttering you are by no means alone. You are one in seven of every thousand, a vast company of over one million persons in the United States. Assuming the same ratio, there are more than a million stutterers in Russia, a third of a million in England, four million in China, and approximately twenty million among the nearly three billion men, women, and children in all the world.

    As a member of this great company, would you say that the following brief description of your problem is reasonably accurate? You...

  15. INDEX
    (pp. 203-208)