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Intergovernmental Relations in Social Welfare

Intergovernmental Relations in Social Welfare

RUTH RAUP
Volume: 5
Copyright Date: 1952
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 248
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5749/j.ctttsrrw
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  • Book Info
    Intergovernmental Relations in Social Welfare
    Book Description:

    Intergovernmental Relations in Social Welfare was first published in 1952. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. This volume is number 5 in a series of monographs edited by William Anderson and Edward W. Weidner on intergovernmental relations in the United States as observed in the state of Minnesota. Topics of discussion in the report include: an introduction to intergovernmental welfare programs in Minnesota and their administrative organization; comparisons of these programs with other states; supervisory and non-supervisory relationships between national, state, and local government welfare agencies in the administration of public assistance and child welfare services; problems of grant allocation and integration; and problems of inter-state and inter-county relations arising in administration of settlement requirements._x000B_

    eISBN: 978-1-4529-3823-3
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-viii)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. ix-x)
  3. CHAPTER 1 Introduction
    (pp. 1-3)

    Have recent developments in intergovernmental administration been "profoundly" modifying traditional relationships between national, state, and local governments in the American federal system? How true is it that the familiar legal structure of "separate and distinct" national, state, and local governments interested primarily in "sovereignty and independence" and no "entangling alliances" is being obscured in the general growth of government activity by the rise of "numerous intergovernmental functional groups, running from the national government through its regional and district offices to the state and even down to the local units"?¹ If changes have occurred, are existing intergovernmental relationships likely to be...

  4. CHAPTER 2 Intergovernmental Welfare Programs in Minnesota
    (pp. 4-20)

    In this monograph "social welfare" is defined to include all programs having as their main function either the maintenance of individuals financially unable to provide for their own needs or the provision of social welfare services. This definition is interpreted as covering all noninstitutional public assistance programs and all welfare service programs for children and adults. Included also are institutional programs primarily designed to provide for maintenance of the poor. By "intergovernmental" programs are meant any administered or financed (or both) by more than one level of government or jointly by two or more units of the same level.

    If...

  5. CHAPTER 3 Administrative Organization
    (pp. 21-38)

    In contrast to the variety of welfare programs involved, the pattern of agencies through which most of them are administered can be described quite simply. For the most part, a single major agency at each of the national, state, and local levels of government administers public assistance and welfare services for Minnesota. This is especially true at the national and county levels.

    Public Assistance and Children. At the time the Social Security Act was passed in 1935, responsibility for administration of the national grants for categorical public assistance programs and for child welfare services at the national level was lodged...

  6. CHAPTER 4 Some Comparisons of Intergovernmental Programs and Administrative Organization in Minnesota and Other States
    (pp. 39-46)

    When the five-year program of research on the intergovernmental relations of Minnesota (of which the study of intergovernmental relations in welfare has been a part) was started in 1947, it was declared that the work was "being undertaken not for the sake of Minnesota but rather on the assumption that Minnesota is a fairly typical state in which to explore extensively and intensively the problems of intergovernmental relations that confront all the states in the Union."¹ While an exhaustive comparison of intergovernmental relations in welfare in Minnesota with those in other states would be a major research project in itself,...

  7. CHAPTER 5 Supervisory Relationships between National, State, and Local Government Welfare Agencies in Administration of Public Assistance and Child Welfare Services
    (pp. 47-97)

    In comparing the national government's general legal power over Minnesota with Minnesota's general legal authority over her local subdivisions in the planning and administration of public assistance and child welfare programs, certain differences are obvious. In enumerating the powers of the national government, the authors of the federal Constitution included no direct power over social welfare programs. Thus far, judicial interpretations of the Constitution have apparently not denied state monopoly over this aspect of government activity. When the national government offers grants-in-aid for welfare to the states, therefore, it is in no way able to compel the state legislatures to...

  8. CHAPTER 6 Nonsupervisory Relationships between National, State, and Local Welfare Agencies in Administration of Public Assistance and Child Welfare Services
    (pp. 98-125)

    One of the most striking features of national and state agency activity in recent years in the administration of intergovernmental welfare programs in Minnesota has been the emphasis by supervising authorities on "nonsupervision" relationships. Both the national bureau staffs and the division of social welfare have seemed to seek constantly to enlarge the scope and importance of these nonsupervisory relationships, which have been defined as voluntary or advisory associations. In general the national staffs have sought to "play down" their role as inspectors or policemen by increasing the relative importance of nonsupervisory relationships. Thus one national official describes the national...

  9. CHAPTER 7 Problem of Allocating Grants
    (pp. 126-152)

    In a survey conducted in 1948 among state administrative officials by the Council of State Governments, more than half of the state welfare officials testified that they were not satisfied with "existing provisions relative to the apportionment of funds among the states." Among other groups of officials this was not true. Of the public health officials, 66.7 percent were satisfied; of the highway officials, 80.7 percent were satisfied; of the vocational education officials, 87.5 percent were satisfied; and of the education officials, 79.2 percent were satisfied. Again, in sharp contrast to other officials, almost three fourths of the welfare officials...

  10. CHAPTER 8 Problem of Integration of Grants
    (pp. 153-168)

    From time to time since the latter part of the nineteenth century, as we have shown, the national government has singled out portions of state welfare programs for special financial assistance. At the present time there are national grants-in-aid to states for disabled soldiers' and sailors' homes, old age assistance, aid to the blind, aid to dependent children, and children in need of welfare services. Minnesota has in turn made grants to counties for special aspects of local welfare programs: matching grants for aid to dependent children, old age assistance, and care of children under state guardianship, and other grants...

  11. CHAPTER 9 Problem of Local Administrative Areas
    (pp. 169-177)

    In the opinion of some Minnesota state and county welfare officials, some counties in Minnesota are too small in area or population for effective welfare administration. Especially where small areas and limited populations coincide with poor financial resources, these persons feel, there is a need to overhaul welfare administrative districts in the state.² Among the solutions suggested are (1) voluntary consolidation of counties; (2) forced consolidation of counties with tax delinquency above a certain percentage, as is the rule at present for certain townships; (3) establishment of multicounty relief districts with substations or active field services within their borders; (4)...

  12. CHAPTER 10 Problems of Interstate and Intercounty Relations Arising in Administration of Settlement Requirements
    (pp. 178-192)

    In themselves, settlement requirements in welfare and public assistance programs should not necessarily lead to difficulties in administration of intergovernmental welfare programs. According to legal decisions in Minnesota, the place of a person's settlement is simply the place "where he has a legal right to support if he becomes a public charge." As such, it is distinguished from legal residence, which is the place where a person has "a right to exercise the customary privileges of citizenship."¹ It is not, then, necessarily true that, as one writer has said, interstate difficulties arising out of settlement requirements are "inherent in a...

  13. APPENDIXES
    (pp. 193-223)
  14. A Selected Bibliography
    (pp. 224-230)
  15. Index
    (pp. 231-234)