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The Impact of the War on the Schools of Red Wing

The Impact of the War on the Schools of Red Wing

Volume: 5
Copyright Date: 1945
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 128
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  • Book Info
    The Impact of the War on the Schools of Red Wing
    Book Description:

    The Impact of the War on the Schools of Red Wing was first published in 1945. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. What happens to the American small community in periods of war and challenge, change and uncertainty? In an age of planning, why not look at the community basis for planning? With these two questions as a basis, the University of Minnesota, in 1943, began one of the most exhaustive studies of an American community undertaken in recent times. Red Wing, Minnesota, on the banks of the Mississippi River in Goodhue County was chosen as the “typical small American city.” Professors of education, economics, sociology, art, home economics, journalism, and public health joined with city officials and civic leaders in studying every aspect of the city and its people. Their findings are published in eleven bulletins, each devoted to an individual topic. The entire survey, entitled The Community Basis for Postwar Planning, was coordinated by Roland S. Vaile, former professor of economics and marketing at the University of Minnesota, and made possible by a grant from the Graduate School. The present study, The Impact of the War on the Schools Red Wing, surveys the public education system as it adapts to postwar reconstruction. The authors devote particular attention to the organization and services of schools, knowledge and attitudes of pupils about war-related matters, and impact on school curriculum and instruction.

    eISBN: 978-1-4529-3760-1
    Subjects: Education

Table of Contents

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  1. CHAPTER I Impact of the War on Organization and Services of Red Wing Schools
    (pp. 1-10)

    Red Wing has four elementary schools and a junior-senior high school. In each elementary school building there are seven classrooms in use, together with such special rooms as library rooms, gymnasiums, and health facilities. There are in each elementary school building seven single-grade groups, one for each grade from the kindergarten through grade 6, each group in charge of a teacher who teaches all subjects. The enrollments in the four buildings are similar, ranging from 179 to 187. The average number of pupils per teacher in the elementary schools is 26.3. The total enrollment in kindergartens and grades 1 to...

  2. CHAPTER II Knowledge and Attitudes of Pupils about War-Related Matters
    (pp. 11-26)

    The most direct and revealing method of determining the ways in which the war has affected curriculum and instruction in the schools is to study the educational product. If the pupils have a wide range of information about war-related matters, if they have attitudes toward current issues that are judged by the community to be desirable, and if they apparently are aware of the major problems that our nation must face in the future, the community can feel certain that the educational program is dealing effectively with matters related to the war. This work may be done incidentally in connection...

  3. CHAPTER III The Impact of the War on the Curriculum
    (pp. 27-63)

    A sixfold attack was made upon the problem of the impact of the war upon the curriculum of the Red Wing schools. It seemed desirable to study first what changes, if any, had taken place in the curriculum. It was felt that a survey of the subjects added or dropped during the war period would reveal the areas of changed emphasis. The period covering the school year preceding the war, 1940–41, to and including the school year 1943–44 was the basis for study. The data in Table 12 show what changes occurred during this period.

    No changes appear...

  4. CHAPTER IV Impact of the War on Instruction in the Schools of Red Wing
    (pp. 64-84)

    The impact of the war on instruction in the schools of Red Wing was studied in two different ways, with techniques intended to determine the ways in which war-related activities were included in the school’s program and the extent to which instruction and materials reflected the impact of the war. First a number of classrooms were visited to observe pictures, books, exhibits, and other visible materials that might reflect the impact of the war on instructional materials. It was possible to observe at the same time the teaching of lessons in a variety of subjects to determine how subject matter...

  5. CHAPTER V Community Evaluation of the School Program
    (pp. 85-118)

    Apart from an internal study of the impact of the war upon the schools of Red Wing, the investigators believed that much could be gained from an evaluation of public school services in wartime by various groups of interested citizens. Three major types of investigation were undertaken. The first involved a questionnaire sampling of the family units in the community. The second called for a questionnaire response from various public-spirited community social service organizations of Red Wing, such as the P.T.A., P.E.O., and the American Association of University Women. The third source drawn upon was the reaction of businessmen toward...