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True Ocean Found

True Ocean Found: Paludanus’s Letters on Dutch Voyages to the Kara Sea, 1595-1596

JAMES D. TRACY Editor and Translator
Copyright Date: 1980
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 96
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  • Book Info
    True Ocean Found
    Book Description:

    Seeking an easy route to the rich trade of the East, sixteenth-century geographer theorized that northern routes, even those directly across the Pole, were open to navigation if only the right passage could be found. This book is based on two letters written by the geographer Bernardus Paludanus to his colleague Abraham Ortelius. The letters discuss Dutch attempts to find the northeast passage, and the theoretical arguments for the existence of the passage. In an introduction James D. Tracy provides a general discussion of the belief in and arguments for the northeast passage, summarizes Dutch attempts to find the passage, and comments on the debate about the routes to be followed. A final section describes the author of the letters and introduces the translation._x000B_James D. Tracy, a professor of history at the University of Minnesota, is the author of Erasmus: The Growth of a Mind and The Politics of Erasmus: A pacifist Intellectual and His Political Milieu. True Ocean Found is a publication from the James Ford Bell Library of the University of Minnesota.

    eISBN: 978-1-4529-3720-5
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. [i]-[vi])
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. [vii]-[vii])
  3. [Map]
    (pp. [viii]-1)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. 3-40)

    In the age of discovery the lands and waters east of Lapland were discovered last of all. The frozen waste of northern Russia and Siberia offered none of the inducements that drew western European conquerors, traders, and missionaries to four other continents. Even with twentieth-century technology this region is only now beginning to yield up its natural resources. The nomadic Samoyeds, who still roam the permafrost, were in the sixteenth century as little troubled by occasional English or Dutch seamen as by the distant authority of the Grand Duke of Muscovy or the Tartar Khan of Siberia. Jan Huygen van...

  5. The Letters
    (pp. 41-52)

    Clarissimo atque ornatissimo viro Domino Abrahamo Ortelio cosmographo Invictissimi Regis Catholici domino et amico observãdo

    Clarissime atque praestantissime vir: domine et animo observande. Tuas anno praeterito 23 Octob. datas tandem Martii die 20 accepi citra telum Americanum, ubi illae tam diu haeserunt ignoro. Si in posterum dominus scribere velit, curabit litteras deferri Middelburgum cum inscriptione ad Casparum a NisponaVestratem vel Amsterodamum ad Limensium,bqui facile curabunt ut eas consequari. Typos quos impressos vides alcis cor[ni]culo,cscito in Borussia patria solo horum animalium factos. Si alia cor[ni]cula similia optes, per me habebis. Numismata antiqua paucula nullii pretii et tuo Musaeo...

  6. The Translation
    (pp. 53-58)

    To the most distinguished and accomplished gentleman, Abraham Ortelius, cosmographer to the Unconquerable Catholic King: honored sir and esteemed friend.

    Most distinguished and excellent sir, honored friend. Your letter dated the twenty-third of October last I finally received on 20 March, but without the dart [arrowhead] from America. Where it was held up I cannot guess. If in future your honor wishes to write again, take care to have your letter sent by way of Middelburg, addressed to Caspar van Nispen van Vestraten, or to Lemonensius at Amsterdam; they can easily arrange to have it passed on. As for the...

  7. Notes
    (pp. 61-72)
  8. Index
    (pp. 73-78)
  9. Back Matter
    (pp. 79-79)