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European Others

European Others: Queering Ethnicity in Postnational Europe

Fatima El-Tayeb
Copyright Date: 2011
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 304
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5749/j.cttttbbx
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  • Book Info
    European Others
    Book Description:

    European Others examines the position of racialized communities in the European Union, arguing that the tension between a growing nonwhite, non-Christian population and essentialist definitions of Europeanness produces new forms of identity and activism. Fatima El-Tayeb combines theoretical influences from both sides of the Atlantic to lay bare how Europeans of color are integral to the continent’s past, present, and, future.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-7855-6
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    (pp. ix-x)
  4. INTRODUCTION: Theorizing Urban Minority Communities in Postnational Europe
    (pp. xi-xlvi)

    In the summer of 2007, amidst continuing discussions of Islam, migration, “black schools,”¹ and Dutch culture, media in the Netherlands presented their audience with what they deemed a brand new phenomenon:straattaal,or street slang, a new youth language spoken on the streets of cities across the country. Attempting an authoritative definition, the liberal Christian newspaperTrouwdeclared: “Straattaal—the Dutch version of the American slang—originates in multicultural youth groups (particularly in Damsko, Amsterdam) and includes words from among others English/American, Sranantongo [a Surinamese language], and Moroccan” (Pronk 2007).² Reporting from a community meeting devoted tostraattaal,theTrouw...

  5. CHAPTER ONE “Stranger in My Own Country”: European Identities, Migration, and Diasporic Soundscapes
    (pp. 1-42)

    Europe appears to be in a unique position in this post-cold war, post-9/11 world, both with regard to its internal reconstruction and to its potential role in current world politics. Seeming to have overcome the postwar state of crisis famously analyzed by Césaire in hisDiscourse on Colonialism, at a time when the “postnational,” the “end of the nation-state,” have become favorite buzzwords within academic and nonacademic discourses of globalization, it seems Europe, and Europe alone, has created a material manifestation of this new world order: the European Union appears as the first supranational system fit for the twenty-first century,...

  6. CHAPTER TWO Dimensions of Diaspora: Women of Color Feminism, Black Europe, and Queer Memory Discourses
    (pp. 43-80)

    Chapter 1 pointed to diaspora as an alternative framework of identification for racialized Europeans by exploring dominant narrations of continental identity and minority youths’ challenges to them, in particular through hip-hop, via a focus on space. Chapter 2 further builds on this notion of diaspora and its application by activists of color. The spatial situatedness of identity discourses, here around the black Atlantic, remains central, but there is an added focus on the temporal dimension of community building, more specifically on the construction of a queer diasporic memory within the black European movement. This is a memory discourse that is...

  7. CHAPTER THREE Secular Submissions: Muslim Europeans, Female Bodies, and Performative Politics
    (pp. 81-120)

    The European ideology of racelessness creates a double bind for racialized populations: an internalist perspective claims European exceptionality by defining the continent’s identity as both entirely self-generated and self-contained, while a universalist narrative simultaneously presents the European condition as paradigmatically human and other, non-Western parts of the world as inevitably deviating from this norm. One of the most striking examples of this dynamic is the discourse around European Muslim difference, in which, seemingly paradoxically, gender and sexuality take center positions, while religion remains comparatively marginal. That is, the claim to the “incompatibility” of Islam and Europe is not framed as...

  8. CHAPTER FOUR “Because It Is Our Stepfatherland”: Queering European Public Spaces
    (pp. 121-162)

    Chapter 3 highlighted how a discourse on Europe’s universalist, secular identity as threatened by the particularist politics of the continent’s Muslim minorities not only seemingly manifests the failure of multiculturalism, but also characterizes racialized minorities as inhibiting the inevitable progress toward a postnational twenty-first century Europe. Embodying the failed essentialism of identity politics, religious fundamentalism, political correctness, and the doomed industrial class system of twentieth century capitalism, they position themselves in opposition to the new values of diversity, tolerance, and mobility. In other words, through accusing marginalized communities of clinging to an outdated, binary worldview, a new system of domination...

  9. CONCLUSION: “An Infinite and Undefinable Movement”
    (pp. 163-178)

    In October 2007, after a ten-year planning period and in time for the fiftieth anniversary of the Treaties of Rome, which had laid the foundation for the continental unification, the Museum of Europe opened its doors in Brussels, one of the institutional centers of the European Union. The EU-funded museum was conceptualized—by a committee consisting largely of historians from various universities in Europe—as “the ‘place of memory’ that Europe needs . . . [T]he permanent collection and the temporary exhibitions will offer all Europeans (and their guests) a reasoned history of a Union portrayed as a diverse but...

  10. NOTES
    (pp. 179-214)
  11. BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. 215-242)
  12. INDEX
    (pp. 243-254)
  13. Back Matter
    (pp. 255-255)