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Imaginative Programming in Probation and Parole

Imaginative Programming in Probation and Parole

Paul W. Keve
Copyright Date: 1967
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 304
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  • Book Info
    Imaginative Programming in Probation and Parole
    Book Description:

    Imaginative Programming in Probation and Parole was first published in 1967. Here and there imaginative and progressive administrators in the corrections field are trying out new techniques in their probation and parole programs, techniques which represent departures from conventionally accepted methods. In this book Paul W. Keve, an authority on probation and parole, reports on a number of these innovative programs, citing examples from all parts of the country. The focus of the book is on field services rather than on services in penal institutions although, as the author points out, the clear line between the two is becoming blurred with the development of various residential programs that contain elements of both. Mr. Keve personally observed most of the programs he describes. He documents the account with actual cases in which only the names of the offenders are disguised. He discusses both casework and group work methods, and considers with equal concern the problems of juvenile and adult probationers and parolees. Along with the descriptions of the programs he provides thoughtful discussions of the basic principles involved. There are separate chapters on certain kinds of problems, such as narcotics addicts on probation or parole, and on some specific types of programs, such as halfway houses. The book will be helpful and challenging not only to probation and parole administrators and their staffs but also to judges, lawyers, social workers, and others concerned with various aspects of probation and parole.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-6326-2
    Subjects: Law

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. [i]-[ii])
  2. Preface
    (pp. [iii]-[vi])
    P. W. K.
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. [vii]-2)
  4. 1 Casework as a Dynamic Method
    (pp. 3-35)

    When Minneapolis, in 1899, hired its first probation officer to work with juveniles, the new officer bought a ledger book and thereafter entrusted to it the full record for all cases placed in his care by the municipal court. In elegant longhand were recorded each child’s name, address, age, and offense, and his father’s name and occupation. Just one ruled line was allotted for each case and this line had to include, too, the disposition and any special instructions by the court.

    During the early weeks that the new officer and the new ledger book were on the job, the...

  5. 2 Special Casework Approaches
    (pp. 36-63)

    The correctional field has long regarded social work training uneasily as a kind of book learning that is somehow not quite practical or realistic enough for dealing with the criminal world. But in all honesty we must ask ourselves whether this has reflected an accurate evaluation of the deficiencies of social work or a resistance toanykind of graduate academic preparation. Corrections was for decades the province of practitioners and administrators who performed on the basis of experience unmodified by special education, and it is only human for such personnel to resist any trends that seem to emphasize qualifications...

  6. 3 The Group Work Method
    (pp. 64-106)

    After half a century of always working with clients on a one-to-one basis, probation and parole practitioners have discovered group work and are experimenting with it in a wide variety of forms and structures. Some are elaborately devised and others informal and even accidentally engendered. There have been instances of probation officers trying to develop group methods in an effort to save time, or to offset large caseloads by the labor-saving device of seeing several probationers together instead of one by one. Usually this does not have the desired effect on the officer’s schedule, for although there has been some...

  7. 4 Special Purpose Programs
    (pp. 107-136)

    In addition to the discussion groups that are becoming more and more familiar in probation and parole, activity-centered or task-centered programs that focus on specific kinds of needs are being developed, often with considerable inventiveness. These take a wide variety of forms and for convenience here they will be referred to as special purpose programs. Usually they are designed for juvenile offenders rather than adults, probably because the juvenile offender appeals more to the public conscience, and public support of these programs is essential. Because of the extra costs involved it is not usually possible for public agencies to finance...

  8. 5 Controlled Culture as a Treatment Tool
    (pp. 137-173)

    One of the serious handicaps that has plagued the correctional process from its beginning is the highly selective communication that exists between client and staff, between the offender and the person in authority. The inmate talks to the guard, the warden, or the psychiatrist, but may tell him only what he wants to tell or only what he thinks his listener wants to hear. The probationer may seem almost verbose as he discusses his problems with the probation officer, but the more we succeed in learning about the mental habits of the clients in these settings, the more we realize...

  9. 6 Narcotics Addicts on Probation or Parole
    (pp. 174-200)

    In any discussion of the narcotics problem it is easy to be drawn into the controversy over whether the control of narcotics should be primarily vested in the medical profession, perhaps with doctors being permitted to furnish legal dosages to known addicts. While there are aspects to such a proposal which are appealing to many, the fact remains that in the United States, the effective majority supports the present prohibition of addictive drugs and probably will continue to do so during the foreseeable future. So we will be concerned in this account only with the reality that probation and parole...

  10. 7 The Client as Staff
    (pp. 201-221)

    Using the client as staff is not at all new, but the respectability with which the practice is now clothed is very new indeed. In an older form there was the familiar, vicious practice of using convict guards, with the purpose being only to save money. In its newer form it is a recognition that the prisoner, the probationer, or the parolee may have a skill to offer that can be used to great advantage in helping others, and that by calling on him for his unique contribution to the helping process we contribute substantially at the same time to...

  11. 8 The Halfway House
    (pp. 222-252)

    An outstanding development in the correctional field in recent years has been the great new interest and wide experimentation in residential programs that might serve in one way or another to help the offender avoid going to or staying longer in a penal institution. The trend provides a distinctly new dimension in the correctional field which had always before offered just two housing choices — the custodial institution or home (probation or parole). It includes an element that has been familiar in other countries but not so well known in the United States: the use of a private agency in...

  12. 9 Community Involvement in Corrections
    (pp. 253-280)

    Among all the imaginative new techniques being developed and applied within the correctional field, not the least significant is the vital effort to involve the lay citizen’s interest and participation in correctional programs. Heretofore the layman has been more than content to leave this grubby field to those public servants who care to work in it, and usually those public servants have been equally satisfied to be left alone. There still is, on the part of some correctional administrators, an anxious resistance to the idea of letting lay people take a hand in corrections in any way, but the realization...

  13. Bibliography
    (pp. 283-287)
  14. Index
    (pp. 288-293)