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Beyond Wolves: The Politics of Wolf Recovery and Management

Martin A. Nie
Copyright Date: 2003
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 272
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  • Book Info
    Beyond Wolves
    Book Description:

    Analyzing the wolf recovery program from a policy-making perspective, Martin A. Nie examines not only the future of wolf recovery but also the issues that will define debates around the politics of wildlife management. Beyond Wolves is a revelatory look at the way the democratic process works when the subject is an environmental hot-button issue.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-9382-5
    Subjects: Zoology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Preface
    (pp. ix-xiv)
  4. Introduction
    (pp. 1-25)

    By quietly walking on their own, or with helicopters, biologists, and the media in a maelstrom of controversy, wolves are returning to old American landscapes. Their story of persecution and recovery will be one of the most important told of American wildlife and the history of American environmentalism. For this reason the story of their return has been told often and well. This book examines the issues that those most involved in wolf recovery and management often tell me go “beyond wolves.”

    Although the science of the wolf—its ecological needs, the prey on which it depends, mating behavior, social...

  5. CHAPTER ONE Wolf Recovery and Management as Value-Based Political Conflict
    (pp. 26-66)

    There are deeply rooted moral conflicts over wolf recovery. Wolves present difficult ethical and moral challenges, ones that go well beyond science, biology, and technical wildlife management. This value-based political conflict is over a deeply symbolic animal and is taking place in a controversial political and cultural setting. A policy-oriented approach has much to offer the debate, especially if it is contextual and places human values and ethics at the center of its analysis. It is also important for those engaged in the debate to acknowledge its value-based character. The policy implications of not doing so are serious and will...

  6. CHAPTER TWO The Wolf as Symbol, Surrogate, and Policy Problem
    (pp. 67-112)

    On May 18, 2000, Michael Simpson, a Republican representative from the second district of Idaho, introduced the Protecting America’s Wolves Act (PAWS). While wolf-related bills are not uncommon in Congress, this one differed in one important way: it proposed the reintroduction of the eastern timber wolf into the Catskill Mountains of New York State. Simpson’s bill would direct the secretary of the interior to reintroduce Canadian wolves into an area that is approximately one hundred miles northwest of New York City. These wolves would be protected under the ESA as fully endangered and not designated an experimental population. As fitting,...

  7. CHAPTER THREE Wolves and the Politics of Place
    (pp. 113-150)

    This chapter examines the context of wolf policymaking and management by placing the value-based conflict discussed in chapter 1 and the symbol and surrogate issues discussed in chapter 2 in their larger political setting. I begin with background information on wolf politics and management in Minnesota, the Northern Rockies, and the Southwest and refer to these cases throughout the chapter. After a short discussion about wolves and federalism, I briefly discuss the importance of place in wolf politics. It is then analyzed in four ways. First, the historical context of the Western frontier helps us understand not only what was...

  8. CHAPTER FOUR The Use of Stakeholders and Public Participation in Wolf Policymaking and Management
    (pp. 151-207)

    The “stakeholder” now occupies an important role in many environmental, natural resource, and wildlife policymaking and management decisions. Once charged with being dominated and “captured” by various consumptive-oriented constituencies, many public land and wildlife agencies have attempted to draw the public and various interest groups the decision-making process. While public input has been solicited used in a variety of ways, ranging from the pro forma public hearing to Minnesota’s inclusive “wolf roundtable,” those responsible for implementing our environmental laws now consider (in some cases because they have been forced to) other voices and public values in their decision-making methods. The...

  9. Conclusion
    (pp. 208-222)

    Wolf recovery and management are a value-based political conflict that goes beyond biology, economic analysis, and techno-rational approaches to problem solving. Numerous players are involved in this debate, and conflict between them results from competing values and ethics toward wolves, wildlife, and the natural world. Value-based conflict among biologists, wolf advocates, political representatives, ranchers, wildlife managers, hunters, animal rights and welfare interests, and other stakeholders characterizes this debate. These clashes are either conflicts that may preclude compromise, or tensions that may be balanced in the future.

    Wolf symbol and surrogate issues further complicate this value-based conflict. Only on the surface...

  10. Notes
    (pp. 223-248)
  11. Index
    (pp. 249-254)
  12. Back Matter
    (pp. 255-255)