Vocational Interest Measurement

Vocational Interest Measurement: Theory and Practice

John G. Darley
Theda Hagenah
Copyright Date: 1955
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 300
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5749/j.cttttmn8
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  • Book Info
    Vocational Interest Measurement
    Book Description:

    Many years of clinical experience at the University of Minnesota, using the Strong Vocational Interest Bank in counseling services, form the basis for this book. The work will help other counselors to understand the meaning of the interest scores which they obtain with this test. In successive chapters, the authors discuss the meaning of work and jobs in our society, deal with the anatomy of interests, analyze interest patterns and outline a normative framework for their system of analysis, discuss personality factors as related to interests, review theories of origin and development of interests, and illustrate the use of interest measurement in counseling through a series of case studies. A volume in the Minnesota Library on Student Personnel Work.

    eISBN: 978-1-4529-3682-6
    Subjects: Psychology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-xii)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. xiii-2)
  3. CHAPTER I The Meaning of Work and Jobs
    (pp. 3-18)

    A man’s working life spans forty to fifty years. In the main, he keeps his nose to the same kind of grindstone for that period of time. Thus it is important to consider what makes grindstones attractive — what satisfactions may be found in jobs. For the very young child, the world of work is remote and without immediate meaning. But the grand pattern of socialization of the human animal — of inducting him into the society of which he is a part — brings the world of work into focus as early as the preadolescent years. Gradually the overriding...

  4. CHAPTER II The Structure of Interest Measurement
    (pp. 19-75)

    Since this monograph deals primarily with the Strong Vocational Interest Blank for Men, it is essential to review some of the research findings and empiric evidence upon which our clinical suggestions and theories are built. The most general clue to an understanding of interest measurement is found in the old adage that birds of a feather flock together. Our problem, then, becomes one of giving psychological meaning to the characteristic feathers and flocks, and of understanding the motive forces leading to our various groupings. There have been several comprehensive and fundamental reviews of research findings in this field of measurement,...

  5. CHAPTER III The Analysis of Interest Patterns: A Normative Study
    (pp. 76-102)

    The senior author’s earlier monograph described a system of pattern analysis for the Strong Vocational Interest Blank. The need for such a system is fairly obvious. When the counselor looks at the large number of occupational scores made by any individual for whom the blank is fully scored, he will find it extremely difficult to synthesize the complex of letter grades attached to the various occupational titles. The first way to order these data meaningfully is derived from the various factor analysis or correlational analysis studies, some of which have been described in the previous chapter. This ordering sets forth...

  6. CHAPTER IV Personality and Interests
    (pp. 103-133)

    Many of the research studies in the field of interest measurement deal with personality factors related to interest scores. Additionally there are several research reports describing the personality characteristics of men and women in various occupations. Furthermore, our common and popular views of the world of work contain many personality references. The “aggressive” salesman, the “timid” bookkeeper, the doctor’s “bedside manner” —such phrases catch up and reflect some of the stereotypes we hold about occupational groups.

    The general assumption underlying both the research studies and the popular vocabulary of occupations is that personality factors may be determinants of measured interests,...

  7. CHAPTER V The Origin and Development of Interests: Theoretical Considerations
    (pp. 134-193)

    There is an extensive literature dealing with vocational choices, vocational interests, and vocational adjustment. But it is difficult to find consistent and clear theoretical formulations regarding the origin and development of vocational interests. Our inadequacies in theory probably stem from several sources. We may have attempted to isolate the individual’s occupational life from his total life and life style. We may have given inadequate operational definition to our terms and concepts; adjustment, choice, preference, interest are variously defined, and our measures thereof would show varying degrees of interrelationship. We do not always know clearly the variables with which we are...

  8. CHAPTER VI The Strong Vocational Interest Blank in Individual Cases
    (pp. 194-264)

    Case histories cannot be typical in a statistical sense, but they may be illustrative of broad categories of problems encountered in counseling programs and they may indicate the source of theory and facts in this area of testing. From the files of the Student Counseling Bureau at the University of Minnesota, we have drawn several actual records that may show, in perspective, the role of interest measurement in individual counseling. All names, of course, are fictitious and, where necessary, details have been changed to protect the anonymity of the individuals. The case notes prepared after each interview by the counselors...

  9. References
    (pp. 267-271)
  10. Index
    (pp. 272-279)