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Regions That Work

Regions That Work: How Cities and Suburbs Can Grow Together

Manuel Pastor
Peter Dreier
J. Eugene Grigsby
Marta López-Garza
Volume: 6
Copyright Date: 2000
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 280
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5749/j.cttttpch
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  • Book Info
    Regions That Work
    Book Description:

    Regions That Work provides a history and critique of community-development corporations, a statistical analysis of the poverty-growth relationship in seventy-four metro areas, a detailed study of three regions that have produced superior equity outcomes, and a provocative call for new policies and new politics.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-5302-7
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. List of Figures and Tables
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Acknowledgments
    (pp. ix-xii)
  5. 1 The New Regionalism and the New Community Building
    (pp. 1-16)

    In April 1992, the City of Los Angeles suffered three days of the worst civil disorder in American history. While the immediate cause was a verdict in the Rodney King case, many laid the blame on the economic wreckage left by both persistent poverty and a decade of regional restructuring.¹ Subsequent analysis gave credence to this view: in the areas of Los Angeles that experienced property damage, poverty and unemployment rates were twice as high, and home ownership and per capita income only half as high, as in the rest of the city.²

    Many observers hoped that the Los Angeles...

  6. 2 When Work Doesn’t Pay: Poverty and Employment in Los Angeles
    (pp. 17-52)

    In the wake of the 1992 civil unrest, local low-income communities in the Los Angeles region enjoyed what Andy Warhol once described as fifteen minutes of fame. Then-mayor Tom Bradley announced the formation of Rebuild LA (soon rechristened RLA), a nonprofit corporation intended to promote corporate investment and encourage job and neighborhood development in South Central Los Angeles, the scene of some of the worst rioting. As the mayoralty passed to Richard Riordan in 1993, city officials labored to have several Los Angeles neighborhoods designated a federal empowerment zone. Low income communities mobilized, often with foundation support, giving rise to...

  7. 3 Disconnected Futures: Regional Strategies and Urban Revitalization in Los Angeles
    (pp. 53-78)

    California has long been a focal point for the American Dream. Blessed with a striking natural environment, a strong and often pacesetting economy, and a fluid and changing population, it has been the place where migrants from other states and other countries come in search of their own piece of the future. Los Angeles, a place where the motion picture and music industries literally have made dreams come true, has been at the center of the state’s sense of hope and transformation. And after the 1984 Olympic Summer Games, in which the diversity and potential of the city were on...

  8. 4 Community Builders and Concentrated Poverty: Making the Regional Connection
    (pp. 79-96)

    For almost half a century, politicians, policy practitioners, and others have debated what to do about urban poverty. The discussion has often centered on the relative merits of place- versus people-oriented approaches, with some arguing that we should address the neighborhoods where poverty is concentrated and others favoring programs that focus on the poor as individuals. This is an unfortunate way of characterizing policy. One view suggests that something is wrong with the community and the other that something is wrong with the person. Indeed, urban poverty is often driven by forces beyond the control of individuals or neighborhoods, including...

  9. 5 Only as Strong as the Team: Poverty, Equity, and Regional Growth
    (pp. 97-124)

    Traditional arguments for helping the central city and its residents have relied on a combination of noblesse oblige and raw political power. Cities, it was rightly suggested, had experienced the exodus of middle-class residents and been weakened by the resulting suburbanization of employment and taxes. The guilty parties, suburbanites and business, should therefore transfer resources back to the central city, perhaps through federal taxes, transfers, and other policies. While some of the political will to do so would come from suburban residents—perhaps because they suddenly recognized the social consequences of their individually rational decisions—big city mayors could help...

  10. 6 Regions That Work: Growth, Equity, and Policy in High-Performing Metropolitan Areas
    (pp. 125-154)

    American politics and policy making are fundamentally pragmatic. The hopeful message of the last few chapters—that low-income communities do better when their residents are connected to the region and that metropolitan economies grow faster when the poor are included—will remain just a message unless we can point to specific circumstances and policies under which regions have been able to achieve the dual goals of income and distributional improvement.

    As it turns out, the late 1990s brought an emerging set of experiments and initiatives that do blend growth and equity in creative ways; we take these up in chapter...

  11. 7 Growing Together: Policies for Regional Prosperity and Equity
    (pp. 155-182)

    As we head into the twenty-first century, America’s cities, suburbs and metropolitan regions confront both new challenges and new opportunities. Globalization has often led local and regional actors to reduce taxes, lower wage standards, and ease environmental regulations in order to lure new investment. In this escalating “race to the bottom,” hard-won gains in the quality of life can be lost, undermining conditions for all who participate in the competition. Indeed, even those businesses that push for wage and tax breaks, pursuing what we might call a “low road” strategy, can soon find themselves faced instead with social, fiscal, and...

  12. Appendix A: Neighborhood Profiles
    (pp. 183-190)
  13. Appendix B: Data Sources and Strategies for Chapters 5 and 6
    (pp. 191-192)
  14. Notes
    (pp. 193-232)
  15. References
    (pp. 233-254)
  16. Index
    (pp. 255-264)
  17. Back Matter
    (pp. 265-265)