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Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations

Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations

with the assistance of Waite D. Durfee
Volume: 8
Copyright Date: 1956
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 140
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  • Book Info
    Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations
    Book Description:

    Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations was first published in 1956. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. This volume is number 8 in a series of monographs edited by William Anderson and Edward W. Weidner on intergovernmental relations in the United States as observed in the state of Minnesota. Topics discussed include: the financial problems of a federal system; Minnesota’s place and rank in the union; the financial relationship between Minnesota and the nation from 1783 to 1953; the respective financial powers of Minnesota and the nation; national and state taxes in Minnesota; federal grants-in-aid as a revenue source; the national-state fiscal balance; state-local revenue relations; and state payments to local governments.

    eISBN: 978-1-4529-3744-1
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. CHAPTER 1 The Financial Problems of a Federal System
    (pp. 1-9)

    The interesting and important questions that are discussed herein arise from the facts that Minnesota is a state in the Union called the United States, and that the people of the United States establish and carry out their collective policies, raise funds, and support their many public services through a federal system of government. A federal system is one in which a supreme constitution divides the powers and functions of government between a central government that operates for the entire area and for the whole people, and a number of regional governments each of which functions in a part of...

  4. CHAPTER 2 Minnesota’s Place and Rank in the Union
    (pp. 10-17)

    Because we, the editors, are using Minnesota as the center of attention in this entire series of studies on intergovernmental relations, and because the state's financial relations with the national government and with its local units affect significantly all the other relations that we deal with, this seems to be an appropriate place to consider Minnesota's place and rank among the states. One question is how "good" or "typical" a sample of the states we have selected in using Minnesota for our studies. We obviously made the selection for reasons other than an assumed typicalness or a belief that this...

  5. CHAPTER 3 Minnesota and the Nation: Their Financial Relations, 1783-1913
    (pp. 18-28)

    The United States' Acquisition of the Minnesota Region. Those who believe that federal grants to the states are an insidious innovation of recent years should contemplate the history of Minnesota.¹ In 1783 the Congress of the United States, representing the people of the thirteen original states (formerly colonies and provinces of Great Britain), concluded their successful war for independence by a treaty of peace with the mother country. By this treaty the United States became an independent nation, and acquired title to the land between Florida on the south and the Great Lakes on the north all the way west...

  6. CHAPTER 4 Minnesota and the Nation: Their Financial Relations, 1913-1953
    (pp. 29-38)

    The National Viewpoint. In the preceding chapter the initial viewpoint was necessarily that of Minnesota. When statehood was attained, and Minnesota became an equal member in the growing union of states, the early special treatment accorded by Congress to the territory and to the infant state gave way to the more general, and equal or proportionate, treatment accorded to all the states under uniform federal legislation. The Minnesota story continues to be the center of interest in this and later chapters, but it must be written and read against the broader background of national and international developments. Even wars and...

  7. CHAPTER 5 The Respective Financial Powers of Minnesota and the Nation
    (pp. 39-53)

    Minnesota an Equal State in the Union. When by act of Congress approved by the President Minnesota became a state in 1858, it entered the Union on an equal footing with each and every one of the states that preceded it. The Constitution makes no distinction in powers or status between the original states and the states that were later admitted, and the Supreme Court has made it clear that in its judgment there is no distinction. The United States Constitution, adopted by or at least in the name of the people, is the supreme law of the land. As...

  8. CHAPTER 6 National and State Taxes in Minnesota, With Special Reference to Overlapping
    (pp. 54-67)

    In Chapter 5 I have tried to show that in stating the legal power to tax, the United States Constitution seems to make very little distinction between what it grants or delegates to the national government and what it reserves by implication to the states. Both levels have very broad powers of taxation, a fact that leaves to the national government and to each state a high degree of free choice for each one to work out its own tax policy and its own tax system. I am convinced, however, that in practice there are considerable differences between the taxing...

  9. CHAPTER 7 Federal Grants-in-Aid as a Revenue Source in Minnesota
    (pp. 68-84)

    Federal grants-in-aid apply to all the states and to certain territories. The impact of any single grant-in-aid program will vary from state to state, however, and the total effect of all the grants upon the state and local governments will not be the same in any two states. The question is how the federal grants-in-aid affect Minnesota. It is not singled out by the national laws for any special grants. I have assumed that Minnesota is a fairly typical state that has had reasonably normal experiences in its intergovernmental relations, but this cannot be proved by the Minnesota experience alone....

  10. CHAPTER 8 The National-State Fiscal Balance
    (pp. 85-95)

    There are persons in many states who look upon the national government as a distant and even alien government, and who deplore as unjust to citizens and taxpayers all national expenditures of tax revenues on a wide variety of functions, especially aid to foreign governments and grants to other states than their own. A common dodge used in presenting their arguments is to take some figure for the total amount of federal taxes collected within their state, contrast it with the much smaller amounts returned to the state as grants-in-aid, and then demand to know whether anything could be more...

  11. CHAPTER 9 State-Local Revenue Relations in Minnesota
    (pp. 96-110)

    In Chapters 9 and 10, I turn to the financial relations of the state government with the local governments of Minnesota. The discussion will have to be brief and general. The reader will observe that in these chapters as compared with those on recent national-state fiscal relations (Chapters 4 through 8) the amounts of money dealt with are smaller, while the legal relationships and the types of taxes involved are different. Other differences will also be evident as we shift our attention from national-state financial relations to Minnesota's state-local fiscal problems and relations.

    Twenty years ago I published a book,...

  12. CHAPTER 10 State Payments to Local Governments and the State-Local Fiscal Balance
    (pp. 111-128)

    In a nationwide study by the Bureau of the Census covering the year 1952, Minnesota was reported to have paid to local governments within the state in that year over $119 million.¹ This amounted to $39.83 per capita, well above the average for all states of $33.06, and put Minnesota in thirteenth place among the states in the per capita amounts of such payments. The sums that the state government passed on to the local governments amounted to 40.2 per cent of its total expenditures, and made up nearly one third of the funds for the combined expenditures of all...

  13. Index
    (pp. 129-131)