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A Critical Review of Research in Land Economics

A Critical Review of Research in Land Economics

Copyright Date: 1948
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 264
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  • Book Info
    A Critical Review of Research in Land Economics
    Book Description:

    Research relating to the economic problems of agriculture has seen rapid and extensive development during the last three decades. Funds now becoming available through the research and marketing act, together with financial support from other sources, promise further expansion and growth in the study of the economic problems of agriculture, and consequently a keen interest in research methods and approaches. While this book deals specifically with research progress and methods in the field of land economics, the author’s findings and conclusions offer guides to research workers and students in agricultural economics and the social sciences generally. Dr. Salter has set up certain basic requirements for evaluating research reports. He makes a comprehensive analysis of the research methodology now used by social scientists and land economists, and forcefully presents the case for use of experimental method in these fields. Those charged with the responsibility for initiating, planning, and carrying out research studies in social sciences will find stimulus and guidance in this book.

    eISBN: 978-1-4529-3650-5
    Subjects: Business

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. CHAPTER I Introduction
    (pp. 1-4)

    This study, a critical analysis of research in the rural aspects of land economics in the United States, is designed to contribute to the development of scientific method in the social science of land economics.

    The process of self-correction, a fundamental attribute of science, tends to become almost automatic in highly developed branches; but in newer fields the need for critical review is more consciously felt. The development of land economics in the United States has been such as to accentuate the need for a review of the research that has been done: Land economics is not only relatively new...

  4. CHAPTER II The Development of Rural Land Economics in the United States
    (pp. 5-38)

    Land problems have been the subject of discussion and public action since ancient times, but the relevant developments which explain the study of land economics in the United States today date back mainly to the last part of the nineteenth century.

    In the history of the United States of America the predominant process under which public land policies have been formulated has been the transferring of an enormous public domain to private ownership and private management.

    For just about a century after the American Revolution the basic premises that dominated these land policies were that private action without public interference...

  5. CHAPTER III Scientific Method and Social Science
    (pp. 39-77)

    Although “no argument should be necessary as to the importance of research method,” nevertheless “the whole weight of circumstances is against giving sufficient attention to methodology.”¹ This observation, made in 1928 by a committee of eminent agricultural economists, highlights a period when special attention was given to research methodology in the rural social sciences. It may also serve as a theme for the present chapter.

    Soon after the funds provided in the Purnell Act began to flow to the states in July 1925, various leaders urged that it was time to examine methodology in the rural social sciences which were...

  6. CHAPTER IV On the Use of Publications as Methodological Evidence
    (pp. 78-82)

    Before entering upon analyses of various published results of research, which will comprise the following chapters, certain introductory remarks are in order. These comments are necessary, first because specific criticism of published studies is uncommon in rural social science, and critical reviews are therefore easily subject to misinterpretation. Secondly, the use of published reports as evidential of research method has certain limitations that need to be recognized.

    It is important to make clear that there is no intent or need in the following chapters even to imply an evaluation of the abilities of the authors of the studies used. In...

  7. CHAPTER V Land Utilization Research in the Cutovers
    (pp. 83-129)

    It was brought out in Chapter II that the study of problems associated with major changes in the pattern of economic use of land has been important in the development of rural land economics. Land utilization research can be described as dealing with problem situations in which people in a given locality are in the process of transformation from activities with certain land requirements to activities with different land requirements. As examples situations may be cited in which arid lands are being put under irrigated cultivation, logged-off timber lands are being settled, farms are being abandoned, or farm land is...

  8. CHAPTER VI Land Utilization Research in Other Areas
    (pp. 130-174)

    As was pointed out in Chapter II, the shrinking of the agricultural margin after World War I not only affected the newly settled areas of the cutover and the arid regions but also accentuated the long-time withdrawal of agriculture from the areas of poor land in the highlands of the East. This contraction was further accentuated in many parts of the East by the prevailing prosperity in nearby urban districts. Under these circumstances there were noticeable changes in the pattern of land utilization and mainly a shift from use of the land for farming to no active use at all...

  9. CHAPTER VII Research in Landed Property
    (pp. 175-231)

    One of the two basic issues in the revolution in land policy at the turn of the century was the increasing difficulty of achieving ownership of farm land by farm operators. Interest in this land tenure problem figured in the early development of agricultural economics, particularly at Wisconsin. The research work done on land tenure problems represents the first real substance, in research, of what later came to be rural land economics.

    Ever since the census reports of 1880 and 1890 began to classify farms as tenant- or owner-operated, economists have produced a stream of journal articles summarizing and interpreting...

  10. CHAPTER VIII Changes in Emphasis
    (pp. 232-241)

    In the review of research work in land utilization in Chapters V and VI, it was made clear that such work concerned situations in which an area was undergoing a transformation in the sense that space once devoted to enterprises with certain land requirements was being put to uses with different requirements. To clarify this point, it was necessary to suggest a difference between a major land use and a minor land use. Although this question has been touched upon elsewhere, it is one that needs a little elaboration.

    A region of land in a society will be divided, allocated...

  11. CHAPTER IX Conclusions
    (pp. 242-253)

    Until the turn of the present century, United States land policies were based on the assumption that nearly all lands were suited to private ownership and control and primarily to farming use. It was believed that if the public lands were put into private hands the nation would have an ample supply of raw materials and the farmers would own their farms. This view received a sharp jolt about 1890 when, just as the nation entered an era of rapid development, it was realized that unappropriated resources were no longer abundant and that an increasing proportion of farmers were tenants....

  12. INDEX
    (pp. 254-258)