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Handbook of Mammals of the North-Central States

Handbook of Mammals of the North-Central States

J. Knox Jones
Elmer C. Birney
Photographs by Roger W. Barbour
Editorial and Organizational Assistance by Marijane R. Davis
Copyright Date: 1988
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 356
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  • Book Info
    Handbook of Mammals of the North-Central States
    Book Description:

    The forests and grasslands of the seven north-central states-Minnestoa, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio-support a large mammalian fauna, including at least 88 native species that have survived the profound impact of human settlement in both urban and rural environments. This handbook is a basic introduction and guide to the identification of the 99 native and five introduced species that either live in the region today or are known to have lived there at the time of initial European settlement. Designed by its authors for the field or laboratory, it provides a two-page spread for each species, with a concise biological summary, a photograph of the mammal, and-except for extirpated species-a map showing its current distribution in the seven-state area and an inset of its historically documented distribution in North America. Also included are an introduction to the region’s environments and zoogeography, dichotomous keys for the identification of species, and a glossary of terms.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-8226-3
    Subjects: Zoology

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-2)
  3. Introduction
    (pp. 3-10)

    The north-central states–Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio–form a large and ecologically diverse area lying south of the western four Great Lakes and west of the Appalachian Mountains. Biologically, this region is characterized by relatively high rainfall and sharply defined seasons, which in presettlement times produced a mixture of coniferous and deciduous forest and grassland. The area was settled from east to west by annual waves of European immigrants and eastern seaboard settlers wishing to seek their fortunes in the fertile areas west of the mountains. Settlement and its associated habitat alteration were especially intense during...

  4. Environments of the North–Central States
    (pp. 11-48)

    The environment of a mammal (or any other organism) typically is highly dynamic and all inclusive. The physical environment includes everything from temperature and the soil to the presence or absence of food species, predators, places for retreat, and the like. The social environment of a mammal may equally important. For example, if a male black bear in July crosses the of a female in estrus, he will follow that trail, but his probability of ultimate success depends on whether he finds the female alone or accompanied one or more other adult males. Similarly, a two-or three-year-old lone male will...

  5. Zoogeography
    (pp. 49-64)

    The mammalian fauna of an area is best understood in historical perspective. As we have noted previously, plant and animal communities are ever dynamic. Changes are most dramatic during periods of rapid environmental change, such as those associated with glaciation or with an event such as occurred when Europeans settled North America. The preceding sections on past and present environments of the north-central states, including the geologic and vegetative history, are intended to provide a background on which and present mammalian assemblages can be interpreted.

    Historical mammalian faunas long have been the subject of study by mammalian paleontologists and zoogeographers....

  6. Mammals of theNorth-Central States
    (pp. 65-294)

    The following checklist of wild mammals occurring in the north-central states serves as a ready reference to the 99 native (exclusive of man) and five introduced species (marked with an asterisk here and in the keys that follow)treated in this handbook. Page references to species accounts are given. Orders, families, and genera are listed in currently accepted phylogenetic sequence, but species within each genus are listed alphabetically, as they are in the text.

    Aside from the egg-laying monotremes, marsupials constitute the most primitive grouping of living mammals. They have the longest recorded fossil history of any extant order, being first...

  7. Introduced Mammals and Species of Possible Occurrence
    (pp. 295-304)

    In addition to the 99 species of native mammals that occur, or once occurred Recent times, in the north-central region, five species introduced from outside North America are present in the wild state and are listed here. Introduced stocks of several other Old World taxa failed to survive in their new surroundings and are not included. Reintroductions of mammals previously extirpated from the region, such as the wapiti, are mentioned in the appropriate accounts in the foregoing text. Furthermore, we do not provide accounts of introduced North American mammals not originally native to the seven states because we are unaware...

  8. Glossary
    (pp. 305-324)
  9. References
    (pp. 325-340)
  10. Index to Scientific and Vernacular Names
    (pp. 341-346)
  11. Back Matter
    (pp. 347-347)