A definitive reference to the 2,010 vascular plant species (ferns, conifers, and flowering plants) currently found in Minnesota.
The importance of understanding the vegetation of an area opening to Europeans was appreciated even as settlement was occurring. Thus publications concerning plants found in various parts of Minnesota appear as early as 1822. Upham (1884) and Mac-Millan (1892) give an accounting of these articles. The first comprehensive list of the vascular plants of Minnesota is that by Lapham (1875). Lapham enumerates 896 plants for the state, based chiefly on his own observations and collections. In 1884, Upham published his annotated catalogue of the state’s flora, largely a compilation according to the author, in which 1,540 species were listed. Upham’s...
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Tryon, R. 1980.Ferns of Minnesota, ed. 2. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. 165 pp.
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